Public Administration Mains 2021 : Solved Paper-2 (Question:8)

Public Administration Mains 2021 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-8)

Section B

  • Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-II)
  • Marks: 250
  • Time Allowed: 3 Hours

Q8.(a) In past two decades India's public policy on Disaster Management has shifted its focus from rescue, relief and rehabilitation efforts to holistic management of disaster. Analyse.


(b) The institutional legacy of 'well-entrenched state' affected the post-reforms promises in India. Explain the statement in the light of economic reforms in India.


(c) Do you agree with the view  that the civil service in India is losing its neutral and anonymous character ? Argue your case.

Too much of protection can reduce a person to cowardice. This is what a happening to civil servants, they willingly become cowards since they do not have courage even to face a transfer or some minor inconvenience for upholding principles of good governance. Like a ‘coward who dies a thousand deaths’ they are compromising and acquiescing every time just to keep and positions safe.

The civil service is not merely the preserve of the ‘generalist’. Governance today is a complex matter. In any case, civil servants are not only responsible for maintaining law and order or collecting revenue, ‘they also head scientific and technical departments. The expansion in the duties of   the   government ,   more   so   since   the independence, makes it imperative that the civil services are manned by people with calibre. After all, the standard of administration depends on the people appointed to these very responsible posts. It might even be said that it is the duty of talented young persons to serve the country. There are several examples of civil servants who valiantly crossed seemingly in surmountable hurdles, sometimes at a great cost to their personal lives, and contributed to social development or sought to clean up the system. A few names that readily spring to mind are K.J. Alphons, Arun Bhatia, Keshav Verma, and S.R. Rao. Civil service activism is now a reality. In fact, it would not be an exaggeration to say that civil service provides possibly the best platform for activism.

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