(Sample Material) IAS PRE GS Online Coaching : India & World Geography - "Conventional Energy in India"

Sample Material of Our Online Coaching Programme

Subject: India & World Geography

Topic: Conventional Energy in India

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  • Conventional sources of energy contribute about 67% of India’s power production
  • Conventional sources include coal, oil and natural gas
  • Thermal energy (coal, oil, gas) is the largest energy source in India

Coal Energy in India


  • India has the fourth largest reserves of coal in the world (behind USA, Russia and China)
  • India is the world’s third largest consumer and fourth largest producer of coal
  • Coal mining in India began at the initiative of Governor General Warren Hastings at Raniganj (West Bengal) in 1774
  • The East India Company set up M/s Sumner and Heatly for coal mining purpose
  • Coal mining was nationalised in 1971 (coking coal) and 1973 (non-coking coal). Only the Tata Iron and Steel Company and Indian Iron and Steel Company were exempt
  • Coal in India is under the purview of the Ministry of Coal

Important coal mines

Coal mine




Singareni Parnahita Godavari valley (Andhra Pradesh) Singareni Collieries Company Ltd. Jointly owneed by AP govt. (51%) and Union govt. (49%)
Neyveli Tamil Nadu Neyveli Lignite Corporation  
Raniganj West Bengal Bharat Coking Coal Limited  
Jharia Jharkhand Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. Produces bituminous coal suitable for coke Most of India’s coal comes Jharia Largest supplier of prime coke coal used in blast furnaces in India Jharia is famous for a coal field fire that has burnt underground for nearly a centuary
Talcher Orissa Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd  
IB Valley Sambalpur, Orissa Nayveli Lignite
Corporation Ltd.
Korba Chattisgarh Southeastern
Coalfields Ltd.
Wardah Maharashtra Western Coalfields Ltd.