General Geology : Solar System. The Earth : its origin, age and internal
constitution. Volcanoes-types, distribution geological effects and products.
Earthquakes-intensity, magnitude, distribution, causes and effects.
Elementary ideas about isostasy, geosynclines, mountain building,
continental drift, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics.
Geomorphology : Basic concepts. External and internal processes. Rock
weathering. Cycle of erosion. Fluvial landforms and drainage patterns.
Landforms of aeolian, marine, glacial and 'Karst' landscapes. Elements of
Structural and field Geology : Primary and secondary structures. Dip and
strike of beds. Unconformities. Study of folds, joints, faults, foliation
and lineations. Overthrusts and nappe structures. Stages of rock
deformation. Construction of block diagrams. Stereographic and equal-area
nets. Solutions of simple problems by stereographic net.
Topographic maps and their interpretation. Use of clinometer compass in
the field Measurements of bed, foliation, folds joints, faults and
lineations in the field. Principles of geological mapping. Effects of
topography on outcrops. Drawing of sections.
Crystallography : Elements of crystal structure. Laws of crystallography,
Symmetry elements of normal classes of seven crystal systems. Properties and
interaction of light and crystalline matter. Petrological microscope and
accessories. Construction and use of Nicole prism. Pleochroism, double
refraction, extinction angle, birefringence and twinning in crystals,
Isotropic, uniaxial and biaxial minerals.
Mineralogy : Physical, chemical and optical properties of the following
common rock forming minerals: quartz, feldspar, mica, pyroxene, amphibole,
olivine, garnet, chlorite, carbonates, aluminosilicates. Structure of
silicates and crystal chemistry of minerals. Gemstones.
Economic Geology :Ore, ore mineral and gangue. Classification of ore
deposits. Important processes of their formation. Occurrence, origin and
distribution in India of the ores of aluminium, chromium, copper, gold,
lead, zinc, iron, manganese and radioactive elements. Deposits of minerals
use as abrasives, refractories and in ceramics, deposits of coal and
petroleum. Elements of prospecting for mineral deposits.
Igneous Petrology :Origin of magma and formation of igneous rocks. Bowen's
reaction principle. Crystallisation of binary systems. Classification of
igneous rocks. Textures and structures of igneous rocks. Composition, origin
and mode of occurrence of granite, syenite, diorite, mafic and ultramafic
groups, anorthosites and alkaline rocks.
Sedimentary Petrology : Sedimentary process and products. Classification
of sedimentary rocks. Sedimentary structures. Residual deposits - their mode
of formation, chacteristics and types, Clastic deposits- their
classification, mineral composition and texture. Elementary ideas about the
origin and characteristics of quartz arenites, arkoses and graywackes.
Siliceous and calcareous deposits of chemical and organic origin.
Metamorphic Petrology :Types and factors of metamorphism. Zones, grades
and facies of metamorphism. Regional and contact metamorphism. Textures and
structures of metamorphic rocks. Metamorphism of argillaceous, arenaceous,
calcareous and basic rocks. Metasomatism.