Introduction to psychology :
Concept and definition of psychology. Nature and Scope. Branches of
psychology. Application of psychology to soceity and social problems.
Methods in Psychology :
Characteristics of psychological studies, Observation. Survey method,
Clinical and case study method. Experimental method. Application of the
Quantitive Analysis :
Measures of central tendency and dispersion. Correlation. Levels of
measurement. Reliability and validity. Application in test construction.
Physiological Psychology :
Structure of neuron, nerve impulses, synapse and neurotransmitters. Central
and peripheral nervous system-structure and neural control of behaviour.
Hemispheric specialisation. Endocrine system and hormonal control of
behaviour. Application of hemispheric knowledge to diagnostic purposes.
Development of human behaviour :
Individual Differences : Heredity and environment. Life span developent.
Role of early experience and mastering of developmental tasks. Sensitive or
critical periods of development in human life cycle and its application.
Preceptual processes. Perceputal organsiation. Perception of form, colour,
depth and time. Perceptual readiness and constancy. Role of motivation,
social and cultural factors in perception. Application of knowledge of
perception to skill development (e.g. for certain jobs like that of driving,
airline pilots etc.)
Classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Modeling and observational
learning. Transfer of training. Learing and motivation. Application of the
above to the improvement of academic performance in education.
Physiological basis of memory. Memory and forgetting. Measurement of memory
(Recall, Recognition, Relearning). Short term and long term memory. Theories
of forgetting (Decay and Interference theories and Repressive forgetting).
Application of Mnemonic devices etc, to improving memory.
Cognition and Language :
Concept of formation. Nature and development of thinking. Language and
thought and acquisition of language. Problem solving. Creative thinking and
Intelligence and Aptitude :
Definition and concept. Theories and models of Intelligence. Measurement of
intelligence and aptitude. Exceptional intelligence. Mental retardation.
Concepts of multiple, emotional and artificial intelligence and their
Motivation and Emotion :
Definition and concept of instinct, needs, drives and motives. Theories of
motivation and their application (drive reduction theory, Maslow's
motivational hierarchy). Social motivation: Achievement, power, affiliation
motives and influence of early experiences. Physiological basis of emotion.
Theories of emotion (James-Lange and Cannon-Brad theories, cognitive
Concepts and Definition of personality. Sutdy of personality (Trait, type
and eclectic approaches) Development of personality (Freud, Erikson,
Biological and socio-cultural determinants). Measurement of Personality
(Projective tests, pencil-paper tests). Application of personality profiles
in fitting a person to a job.
Adjustment and Stress :
Concept and definition. Factors affecting adjustment (frustration and
conflict). Sources of stress and reactions to stress. Coping with stress.
Application of stress management techniques.
Social Behaviour :
Socio-cultural factors and behaviour. Development of attitudes, stereotypes
and prejudice, Measurement of Attidutes (Thurstone, Likert attitude scale
and Bogardus Social Distance scale). Strategies for reducing prejudice and
changing atitude. Person perception, implicit personality theory and
integrating impressions. Application of person perception to impression
Application of Psychology :
Health and mental health (yoga, meditation and relaxation therapies).
Education (Programmed learning,. self instructional learning and learning
styles). Community (self help through group cohesiveness and leadership).
Industry (Assessment centre approach in selection, recruitment and
training). Environment (man-nature interaction, personal space concept,
pollution reduction) Information technology (Application to commercial,
educational and health areas).