(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Annual Silk Production in India:
Annual Silk Production in India:
The Central Silk Board publishes the data on the annual silk production in
India. The figure given below truly portrays the details of silk production in
India for the last few years..
Export of Silk products
The following table presents the details on export of silk and silk goods in
Year Export of Proceeds in crore Rs:
Major Challenges in export of silk products:
Decreasing demand from major consuming markets.
Rising prices of raw silk yarn/fabrics.
Increased competition from blended silk (i.e. synthetic and polyester).
Changing fashion trends especially in Europe and US markets.
Lack of availability of quality raw silk and dependence on China for the
Problems of Sericulture farming in India
Lack of knowledge, the farmers
are less aware of the improved scientific farming techniques.
Non availability of raw materials also affects silk production.
Crop failure: especially in the cultivation of mulberry.
Bio-security measures: proper bio security and sanitation measures within the
Pest and diseases: there is the possibility of silk production to be affected
by pest and diseases.
Health risk especially for the sericulture farmers and the people who manage
Unavailability of government loans and subsidies also discourage silk
Indian economy regarded as an agrarian economy is witnessing a downward trend
in contribution of primary sector which encompasses agriculture and allied
activities. Many factors like small and uneconomic holdings, lack of irrigation
facilities, limited scope for mechanization, inadequate credit facilities etc
can be cited as the reasons for low agricultural production. In order to tackle
unemployment, attention should be diverted to the potentials from other
activities like Fishing, Poultry farming, Sericulture, Apiculture etc. If proper
focus is given to these areas, definitely there will be significant improvements
in the contribution of primary sector to national income. The activities like
Sericulture can be effectively practiced in rural areas, as it does not need
heavy initial investments. Moreover, they create ample employment opportunities
for the landless and marginal farmers. The scope of Sericulture is increasing
today as it can reduce the evils of poverty and unemployment to a certain extent
if properly organized.