(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Annual Silk Production in India: [APRIL-2018]


(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Annual Silk Production in India:

[APRIL-2018]


Annual Silk Production in India:

The Central Silk Board publishes the data on the annual silk production in India. The figure given below truly portrays the details of silk production in India for the last few years..

Export of Silk products

The following table presents the details on export of silk and silk goods in India.

Year Export of Proceeds in crore Rs:

2013-14 2480.89
2014-15 2829.94
2015-16 2495.99
2016-17 1465.86

Major Challenges in export of silk products:

Decreasing demand from major consuming markets.

Rising prices of raw silk yarn/fabrics.

Increased competition from blended silk (i.e. synthetic and polyester).

Changing fashion trends especially in Europe and US markets.

Lack of availability of quality raw silk and dependence on China for the same.

Problems of Sericulture farming in India

Lack of knowledge, the farmers are less aware of the improved scientific farming techniques.

Non availability of raw materials also affects silk production.

Crop failure: especially in the cultivation of mulberry.

Bio-security measures: proper bio security and sanitation measures within the silkworm shed.

Pest and diseases: there is the possibility of silk production to be affected by pest and diseases.

Health risk especially for the sericulture farmers and the people who manage silkworm shed.

Unavailability of government loans and subsidies also discourage silk production.

Conclusion:

Indian economy regarded as an agrarian economy is witnessing a downward trend in contribution of primary sector which encompasses agriculture and allied activities. Many factors like small and uneconomic holdings, lack of irrigation facilities, limited scope for mechanization, inadequate credit facilities etc can be cited as the reasons for low agricultural production. In order to tackle unemployment, attention should be diverted to the potentials from other activities like Fishing, Poultry farming, Sericulture, Apiculture etc. If proper focus is given to these areas, definitely there will be significant improvements in the contribution of primary sector to national income. The activities like Sericulture can be effectively practiced in rural areas, as it does not need heavy initial investments. Moreover, they create ample employment opportunities for the landless and marginal farmers. The scope of Sericulture is increasing today as it can reduce the evils of poverty and unemployment to a certain extent if properly organized.

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