(The Gist of Kurukshetra) CITIZEN CENTRIC RURAL GROWTH [MARCH-2018]




The Department of Rural Development has been continuously trying to improve the quality of lives of rural poor households. From Budget provision of Rs. 50,162 crore in 201213 the allocation for DoRD went up to Rs. 109042.45 crores in 2017-18. Besides this, higher Finance Commission grant and larger State share in PMGSY and PMAY(G) was also available for programmes of DoRD during 2017-18. All together it amounts to almost three times the total funds available in 2012-13. Besides increased financial provision, the Department of Rural Development has undertaken far reaching governance reforms for promoting transparency, using the Socio-Economic Census 2011 (SECC 2011), lT/ DBT payment system, transaction-based programme MlSs and space technology for geo-tagging of assets. The PMGSY setout to provide all weather road connectivity to 1,78,184 habitations of 500 population in plain areas and 250 population in hilly areas. As of March, 2014, 97838 habitations (55%) were connected. Today 1,30,947 habitations stand connected under PMGSY and another 14,620 through State Governments’ programmes bringing the total habitations connected to 82%. In 2016-17, a total of 47,447 kms roads were constructed at a speed of 130 kms per day. Efforts are being made to take this to 51930 kms at a speed of 140 kms 8. per day in 2017-1 ‘ his will enable achievement of completed all weather road connectivity to all the eligible habitations by March, 2019.
This will further strengthen Phase-ll which is already under implementation. 1.10 lakh kilometers of upgradation is proposed as PMGSY lll. To do so, annual funding support of Rs.19,000 crore, from the Central Government upto 2022, will be required. Prime Minister’s dream of “New India 2022’’ requires connectivity and also consolidation of roads that connect markets, to enable farmers to get the benefit of market.

For diversifying livelihoods the Deendayal antyodaya Yojana-national Rural Livelihood Mission has successfully brought more than 4.5 crore women into the fold of SHGs. Through capacity development and skill training, the Bank linkages for economic activities have expanded considerably in the last few years. From Bank linkages of Rs. 23,953 crore in 2014-15 the current outstanding loans stands at nearly Rs. 60,000 crores. Women SHGs in Northern, Eastern and NorthEastern States are also diversifying livelihoods like the SHGs in Southern States did over the last few decades. This facilitates poor households coming out of poverty by increasing productive assets and incomes. Work with over 32 lakh women farmers is also going on for sustainable agriculture moving towards development of 1000 organic clusters. DAY-NRLM and MGNREGS along with Ministry of Agriculture will provide support for developing market infrastructure for these women SHGs. Producer Groups and Producer Companies.

MGNREGS has provided the role of social insurance in times of need. The resources for wage employment have been effectively utilized over the last three years to improve livelihood security of poor households and also to promote climate resilient agriculture through effective water conservation, afforestation and asset development. Over 10 lakh farm ponds and 6.7 lakh compost pits have already been completed during this period besides over 1.6 lakh Liquid Resource Management soak pits and Solid Resource Management spread across many States. MGNREGS resources have also been used in convergence with the PMAY(G) to provide 90/95 days of work and Rs. 12,000 either through Swachcha Bharat Mission or MGNREGS for individual household latrines with the new homes of poor people. During the last three years over people During the last three year over 73.50 lakh houses have already been completed which include 19.66 lakh PMAY(G) houses.

In the last Budget, announcement had been made regarding Mission Antyodaya bringing one crore households in 50,000 Gram Panchayats out of poverty. The Department of Rural Development has done a ranking of these Gram Panchayats, purposively selected by the State Governments. The gaps on infrastructure, human development and economic parameters have been identified and our Government is committed to bridge these gaps and make a difference in the life of the poorest households. Timely and transparent provision of social security support will be further improved for the old, widows, and differently able persons. Besides social security, special efforts for \‘skill and livelihood opportunities for young widows and the differently able has been initiated as part of the skills thrust of the Ministry.
Efforts to develop 300 Rurban clusters and nearly 1200 Saansad Adarsh Gram Panchayats is also part of the Mission Antyodaya thrust. Over 8000 Mission Antyodaya Gram Panchayats fall in 115 aspirational districts. All efforts for their speedy development through livelihood diversification, willbemade. Underthe Mahila Kisan Sashakti karan Pariyojana (MKSP), work is going on with over 32 lakh women Self Help Group Members for sustainable agricultural.

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Courtesy: Kurukshetra