(The Gist of Kurukshetra) CITIZEN CENTRIC RURAL GROWTH
CITIZEN CENTRIC RURAL GROWTH
The Department of Rural Development has been continuously trying to improve
the quality of lives of rural poor households. From Budget provision of Rs.
50,162 crore in 201213 the allocation for DoRD went up to Rs. 109042.45 crores
in 2017-18. Besides this, higher Finance Commission grant and larger State share
in PMGSY and PMAY(G) was also available for programmes of DoRD during 2017-18.
All together it amounts to almost three times the total funds available in
2012-13. Besides increased financial provision, the Department of Rural
Development has undertaken far reaching governance reforms for promoting
transparency, using the Socio-Economic Census 2011 (SECC 2011), lT/ DBT payment
system, transaction-based programme MlSs and space technology for geo-tagging of
assets. The PMGSY setout to provide all weather road connectivity to 1,78,184
habitations of 500 population in plain areas and 250 population in hilly areas.
As of March, 2014, 97838 habitations (55%) were connected. Today 1,30,947
habitations stand connected under PMGSY and another 14,620 through State
Governments’ programmes bringing the total habitations connected to 82%. In
2016-17, a total of 47,447 kms roads were constructed at a speed of 130 kms per
day. Efforts are being made to take this to 51930 kms at a speed of 140 kms 8.
per day in 2017-1 ‘ his will enable achievement of completed all weather road
connectivity to all the eligible habitations by March, 2019.
This will further strengthen Phase-ll which is already under implementation.
1.10 lakh kilometers of upgradation is proposed as PMGSY lll. To do so, annual
funding support of Rs.19,000 crore, from the Central Government upto 2022, will
be required. Prime Minister’s dream of “New India 2022’’ requires connectivity
and also consolidation of roads that connect markets, to enable farmers to get
the benefit of market.
For diversifying livelihoods the Deendayal antyodaya Yojana-national Rural
Livelihood Mission has successfully brought more than 4.5 crore women into the
fold of SHGs. Through capacity development and skill training, the Bank linkages
for economic activities have expanded considerably in the last few years. From
Bank linkages of Rs. 23,953 crore in 2014-15 the current outstanding loans
stands at nearly Rs. 60,000 crores. Women SHGs in Northern, Eastern and
NorthEastern States are also diversifying livelihoods like the SHGs in Southern
States did over the last few decades. This facilitates poor households coming
out of poverty by increasing productive assets and incomes. Work with over 32
lakh women farmers is also going on for sustainable agriculture moving towards
development of 1000 organic clusters. DAY-NRLM and MGNREGS along with Ministry
of Agriculture will provide support for developing market infrastructure for
these women SHGs. Producer Groups and Producer Companies.
MGNREGS has provided the role of social insurance in times of need. The
resources for wage employment have been effectively utilized over the last three
years to improve livelihood security of poor households and also to promote
climate resilient agriculture through effective water conservation,
afforestation and asset development. Over 10 lakh farm ponds and 6.7 lakh
compost pits have already been completed during this period besides over 1.6
lakh Liquid Resource Management soak pits and Solid Resource Management spread
across many States. MGNREGS resources have also been used in convergence with
the PMAY(G) to provide 90/95 days of work and Rs. 12,000 either through Swachcha
Bharat Mission or MGNREGS for individual household latrines with the new homes
of poor people. During the last three years over people During the last three
year over 73.50 lakh houses have already been completed which include 19.66 lakh
In the last Budget, announcement had been made regarding Mission Antyodaya
bringing one crore households in 50,000 Gram Panchayats out of poverty. The
Department of Rural Development has done a ranking of these Gram Panchayats,
purposively selected by the State Governments. The gaps on infrastructure, human
development and economic parameters have been identified and our Government is
committed to bridge these gaps and make a difference in the life of the poorest
households. Timely and transparent provision of social security support will be
further improved for the old, widows, and differently able persons. Besides
social security, special efforts for \‘skill and livelihood opportunities for
young widows and the differently able has been initiated as part of the skills
thrust of the Ministry.
Efforts to develop 300 Rurban clusters and nearly 1200 Saansad Adarsh Gram
Panchayats is also part of the Mission Antyodaya thrust. Over 8000 Mission
Antyodaya Gram Panchayats fall in 115 aspirational districts. All efforts for
their speedy development through livelihood diversification, willbemade.
Underthe Mahila Kisan Sashakti karan Pariyojana (MKSP), work is going on with
over 32 lakh women Self Help Group Members for sustainable agricultural.