(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Education in rural India [MARCH-2020]
(The Gist of Kurukshetra)
Education in rural India
Education in rural India
There are only 230700 schools from class 1 to 12 in 1951. Today we have
more than 15 lakh schools in 2020.
About 75 per cent schools are set up in the rural areas. In these
schools, 25.1 crores children are studying from primary to higher secondary
About 90 lakh teachers are working in these schools, out of which, 65
lakhs are working in rural areas.
By the year 2030, India is set to have the largest working-age
population in the world.
Not Only will they need literacy but both job and life skills. Education
and sustaining skill development is instrumental to boost employment in the
rural areas in both agricultural and non-agricultural sectors.
In the budget Rs. 3,000 crores for skill development have been allocated
for achieving this endeavour and It is a good initiative by the government.
Eklavya Model Residential Schools:
Another initiative by the government to facilitate access of education
to the tribal children is the setting of Eklavya model residential school in
the rural areas.
The objective of the initiatives to ensure students can access quality
education in remote areas.
The Budgetary provision for Eklavya model residential scheme is
Rs.1313.23crores for the education for scheduled tribes students.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas:
Establishing Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas as residential schools was the
initiative by the Ministry of Human Resource development for rural children.
The objective of opening these schools was to provide opportunities
equivalent to the best residential school system.
These Schools were set up in 1985 for providing free and compulsory
education to rural children from classes 6th to 12th.
Samagra Shiksha is a flagship programme of the government to promote
holistic education. It Was formulated in 2018 by bringing together three
earlier centrally sponsored schemes i.e. SarvaShiksha Abhiyan (SSA),
Rashtriya Madhyamik Abhiyan(RMSA) and Teacher education. Government also
introduced NISHTHA (National Initiative for SchoolHeads and Teachers
Holistic Advancement), an initiative to train over 4.2 million teachers
across the country.
Mid-Day Meal Scheme:
The MDMS is a centrally sponsored scheme formulated in 1995 which is a
National Programme Of Nutritional Support to Primary Education(NP-NSPE).
One of the main objectives of the scheme was to bring back children from
rural and disadvantaged sections of society to schools. Over The period of
time, it was observed that there was an improvement in enrollment,
attendance and retention by providing free foodgrains to government run
Many areas of the country, especially rural areas are lacking in
education with outdated teaching methods, shortage of teachers, inadequate
student teacher ratio, and insufficient teaching resources. Increasing
accessibility of digital education and use of the internet is rapidly
increasing in rural areas due to the availability of affordable data plans
and cheaper mobile devices.
There has been a lot of progress in higher education in terms of setting
up of institutions,colleges and universities and also enrolment in these
institutions over a period of time. In 1991there were only 184 universities
in the country.
At present more than 1000 universities are functioning in the country
and this has increased more than five times.
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE):
In the budget, Rs. 5109.20 crores have been allocated to All India
Council for TechnicalEducation. There is also an increase of 14 percent in
the budget for NTs compared to last year.
The present budget has announced to provide support to various other
startups and firms that are currently engaged in helping the Indian youth
Study in India:
The government has proposed in the budget to promote the Study in India
programme for bringingforeign students and faculty to our institutions of
Measures will be taken to introduceForeign Direct Investment (FDI) in
the education sector and draw external commercial borrowings and make India
a preferred destination for higher education. The government has proposed to
open doors for foreign universities to partner withIndian universities
through external borrowing and the foreign direct investment route.
According to the latest Economic Survey, 'absence of a suitable
financial support system and high burden of course fee, especially in higher
education, push out the poor rural girls and underprivileged children out of
the education system'. Therefore, the government has announced in the budget
that 150 higher educational institutions would start apprenticeship-embedded
degree or diploma courses by March 2021 to increase employability of fresh
A full-fledged online degree-level education programme by institutions
ranked within the top 100 in the National Institutional Ranking framework
will also be started. Special bridge courses are designed by the Ministries
of Health, Skill Development together with professional bodies to bring in
equivalence with existing courses.
The Budget proposes to attach a medical college to an existing district
hospital in PPPmode. Special bridge courses to be designed by the Ministries
of Health, and Skill Development.
The Government has to therefore encourage large hospitals with
sufficient capacity to offer resident doctors DNB/FNB courses under the
National Board of Examinations.
The Government provided about Rs 99,300 crores for the education sector
both for rural and urban areas for the year 2020-21. There is no separate
allocation in the budget for rural areas. But it requires special attention,
efforts and support of the government for implementing different schemes and
programmes to reach rural areas.
The Education Budget 2020 needs to focus on education and employment
generation in the rural areas. In the rural areas, adequate basic
infrastructural facilities, adequate number of educational institutions,
qualified teachers and faculty should be provided.
National Initiative for School Heads and Teacher Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA)
need to be planned in which 42 lakh teachers and school heads are being
trained. Adequate budget should be allocated for promotion of research and
innovations. Internet reach in rural areas needs to be improved.
The Government has made good efforts by allocating funds to various
programmes and schemes for the improvement of quality of schools and higher
education. But still there is a need to improve the investment allocated
under different schemes of education with a focus on education of rural
India. It is desired that the National Education Policy to be announced by
the government soon will suggest a road map in this direction.