(The Gist of Kurukshetra) HEALTH CARE IN UNION BUDGET 2017-18 - September - 2017

(The Gist of Kurukshetra) HEALTH CARE IN UNION BUDGET 2017-18 - September - 2017


  • The Budget Estimates for health show an appreciable increase of more than 27 percent. From Rs. 37061.55 cr in 2016-17, the budget estimate for 2017-18 has been increased to Rs. 47352.51 cr (Net). This will help to attend tertiary care, human resources for health and medical education and to strengthen NHM.
  • The Health Ministry has spent 73.25 per cent of 2016-17 Budget. The Ministry will also create 5000 Post Graduate seats per annum to ensure adequate availability of specialist doctors to strengthen secondary and tertiary levels of healthcare. Furthermore, two new AIIMS will be set up in Jharkhand and Gujarat.
  • The Government has prepared an action plan to eliminate Kala-Azar and Filariasis by 2017; to eliminate Leprosy by 2018, Measles by 2020 and to eliminate Tuberculosis by 2025 is also targeted.
  • Action plan has been prepared to reduce IMR from 39 in 2014 to 28 by 2019, and MMR 167 in 2011-13 to 100 by 2018-2020. Steps will be taken to roll out DNB courses in big District Hospitals and to encourage reputed Private Hospitals to start DNB courses. Steps will also be taken to strengthen PG teaching in select ESI and Municipal Corporation Hospitals.
  • Government will take necessary steps for structural transformation of the Regulatory framework of Medical Education and Practice in India.
  • There is a also proposal to amend the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules to ensure availability of drugs at reasonable prices and promote use of generic medicines, and New Rules for regulating medical devices will also be formulated. These Rules will be internationally harmonised to attract investment in this sector. This will reduce the cost of such devices.

Government's New Schemes

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has added several new schemes since 2014 to enable implementation of the Health For All Vision for the Nation.

Mission Indradhanush, sought to achieve full immunization coverage of 90 per cent children by 2020. The mission has made good progress in improving immunization coverage by 6.7 per cent since 2014. A basket of new vaccines has been added to the Universal Immunization Program to increase the number of vaccines from 6 to 12. The prominent among them are the Inactivated Polio Vaccine, the Rota Virus Vaccine, the Adult Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine and the Rubella Vaccine. as Measles Rubella vaccine.

India New Born Action Plan with focus on reduction of neonatal mortality rate has successfully established Special New Born Care Units at District level and New Born Stabilization Units at Sub- District/ CHC level. The Mother's Absolute Affection Program was launched in 2016 with focus on promotion of breast feeding practices. The Rashtriya Bal Suraksha Karyakram and the Rashtriya Kishore Swasthya Karyakram represent the major screening programs of Government for early screening and interventions in children and adolescent girls.

The Government has added the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan for assured antenatal care. There is continued focus on the NHM activities of Mission Family Welfare, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram and Janani Suraksha Karyakram each of which aim at reducing maternal and infant mortality by promotion of institutional deliveries.

The New Schemes in Health sector are Swach Swasth Sarvatra, the Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis " Program and Kayakalp. The Kayakalp initiative was launched in 2016 to inculcate the practice of hygiene, sanitation, effective waste management and infection control in public health 'facilities. The competition for awards introduced under Kayakalp has been well received by all the States and significant improvements in sanitation standards are being witnessed.

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