(The Gist of Kurukshetra) INTEGRATED and SUSTAINABLE SLRM IN
INTEGRATED and SUSTAINABLE SLRM IN
- About 50 Gram have Panchayats in Udupi district of Karnataka have a
solid and Liquid Resource Management (SLRM) Centre, each equipped with a
specially designed tricycle/vehicle that the local Self Help Group (SHG) use
for collection of household waste. The system works like clockwork,
contributing to making the villages look clean and beautiful.
- SLRM is a method by which garbage is converted into a source of income,
while creating many employment opportunities. Waste collected from the
households is brought to the centre for processing in a scientific manner.
The project is a part of the swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G) ODF (open
defecation free) plus activities.
- Survey: Initially, a baseline survey was carried out to understand
sanitation practices, methods of waste disposal followed at households and
health effects encountered owing to unscientific methods. Thereafter, a
draft "Solid Waste (Resources) Management" by law was prepared at the
district level and sent to GPs for effective implementation of waste
management, complete with user-fee collection system and plastic ban
- Awareness building: At the outset, communities were provided awareness
about the need to segregate waste and how to go about doing so. Thereafter
SLRM training programme was first organised in July 2017.
- Responsibility of households: Each household has been given two
dustbins, i.e., green and red to segregate waste as wet and dry, which is
collected daily. For scattered households a "bora" bag has been provided to
store only dry waste which will be collected once a week. Instructions have
been given to wrap sanitary napkins and medical waste in newspaper
separately and marking it in red and blue colours respectively for
identification and safe disposal.
- Process: Today, waste is collected twice a day once every 12 hours so
that organic waste would remain fresh, clean and easy to handle. Instead of
trucks, tricycles, goods carrying vehicles or E-rickshaws are used to
collect the waste. In this project, manpower is a major resource as only
humans can differentiate the categories of wastes clearly, Sudheer said.
- Management of Organic Waste: Organic waste is further segregated and
fresh vegetables and fruits are taken out, washed and fed to cattle twice a
day. A cow shed would eventually be set up close to the SLRM Centre, or
vegetables would be sent to nearby cow shelters. The remaining organic waste
is mixed with cow dung slurry to make compost, while egg shells which are
rich in calcium are dried, powdered and used for gardening or sold for the
same purpose, Waste flowers that are collected from the flower shops and
marriage halls are sold to Rangoli powder manufacturers.
- Grey Water: Grey water generated in centres is used for growing Canna
plants which white absorb waste water play a vital role in liquid waste
management Growing of those flowering plants encouraged at households,
panchayats, urban local bodies, etc.
- Management of Inorganic Waste: Inorganic sterns from the red bucket are
segregated 17categories in SLRM centres such as: pet bottles, plastic items,
plastic covers, paper, card board, metal, glasses, e-wastes etc. and sold to
authorized recyclers at value added price. Even non-recyclable items are
stored separately and sent to cement factories for safe disposal.
- Quantity of waste generated: Based on data from 50 SLRM centres of Udupi
district, on an average 10 tons of waste per day/300 tons of waste per month
is processed scientifically.
- Villages covered: Upto January 2018, out of a total 158 GPs in Udupi, 50
Gram Panchayats have initiated SLRM centres, of which 23 centres are
collecting both wet and dry waste daily and 27 centres are collecting dry
waste once a week.
- Infrastructure: Gram Panchayats that have commenced the SLRM project
have built a new shed for the purpose. The other GPs have put to use old
abandoned and unused buildings after renovation. Each centre comprises of a
washing unit to clean segregated waste; one tricycle or one motor vehicle; a
compost pit, safety equipment and tools for segregation.
- Employment generated: Currently, around 200 people are employed under
SLRM project in Udupi. Having found that women are more patient, reliable
and better suited to communicate with women who normally are in charge of
waste disposal, the district administration have appointed women SHGs to
take care of SLRM. Their involvement helps supplement their family's income.
Money earned from selling recyclable items and user fee collection is used
to run the SLRM Centres.
- Outcome: Since the commencement of the SLRM project, villages appear
cleaner as people have stopped dumping waste on the roadside. Over 90% of
households and commercial organizations properly segregate waste into
organic and inorganic items. Further, the practice of throwing waste in
public places and unscientific ways of burning waste, or throwing meat waste
into rivers surrounding the village has been minimised.
- Income is being generated out of waste items which hitherto people would
throw out. In addition, roadside dustbins have been removed so that
sanitation is maintained. Earlier, people were not willing to work in waste
management, owing to unscientific methods of handling waste and because of
bad odour and nature of work. Today, however, SHG members, youth and others
are keen to join SLRM projects which have created new employment
opportunities, enabling them to earn their own income. The success of
project commissioned in the district has changed the views of the public
towards waste management programmes.
- Across the district, Green protocol by which use of single use plastic
and disposables is minimised is encouraged at all public meetings,
ceremonies, schools, anganwadis, government offices, etc.
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