(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Mission Poshan 2.0, Mission Shakti and Mission Vatsalya
Mission Poshan 2.0, Mission Shakti and Mission Vatsalya
Recently, the Cabinet has approved MoWCD’s three important umbrella schemes -Mission Poshan 2.0, Mission Shakti and Mission Vatsalya to be implemented in mission mode during the 15th Finance Commission period (2021-22 to 2025-26).
Mission Poshan 2.0:
- It is an integrated nutrition support programme which addresses the challenges of malnutrition in children, adolescent girls, pregnant women and nursing mothers through a strategic shift in nutrition content/delivery and by creating a convergent eco-system to develop and promote practices that nurture health, wellness and immunity. It also seeks to optimise the quality and delivery of food under the supplementary nutrition program.
- It is envisaged that Mission Poshan 2.0 will contribute to human capital development in the country; address malnutrition challenges; promote nutrition awareness and appropriate eating habits for sustainable health/well-being as well as address nutritional deficiencies through key strategies.
- It will also bring under its ambit three important programmes/schemes – namely Anganwadi Services, Scheme for Adolescent Girls and Poshan Abhiyaan. Further, Mission Poshan 2.0 shall focus on maternal nutrition, infant and young child feeding norms, treatment of MAM/ SAM and wellness through AYUSH; and it will integrate several key strategies including nutrition awareness and communication strategies.
- Under the Poshan Tracker – digital infrastructure rolled out by the MoWCD as a governance tool (in March 2021) will bring transparency and strengthen the nutrition delivery support systems. This technology is being leveraged for dynamic identification of stunting, wasting and under-weight among children along with last mile tracking of nutrition service delivery.
- It envisages a unified citizen-centric lifecycle support for women through integrated care, safety, protection, rehabilitation and empowerment. It has two sub-schemes -’Sambal’ and ‘Samarthya’. The Sambal sub-scheme is for safety and security of women and comprises existing schemes - One Stop Centres (OSC), Women Helplines (181-WHL) and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) along with the new component of Nari Adalats for promoting alternative dispute resolution and gender justice within the families as well as society. The Samarthya sub-scheme for empowerment of women comprises already existing schemes - Ujjwala, Swadhar Greh and Working Women Hostel (for safe and secure accommodation to working women); and National Creche Scheme for children of working mothers and the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), which had been under umbrella ICDS Scheme.
- It aims to secure a healthy and happy childhood for children; foster a sensitive, supportive and synchronised ecosystem for optimising child development; assist States/UTs in delivering the mandate of Juvenile Justice Act 2015 for achieving the SDG goals.