(The Gist of Kurukshetra) ORGANIC FARMING FOR SUSTAINABLE
ORGANIC FARMING FOR SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT
With the beginning of Green Revolution in Indian Agriculture in 1965-66, the
fertilizer consumption got a huge momentum for sustaining the needs of
burgeoning population. Consequently, we reached our targets and became
self-sufficient in food grain production. However, the hazards of the intensive
agricultural system are threatening as they drastically affect the ecological
balance. Thus, we started thinking towards organic farming (OF) systems approach
which was existing earlier (ancient time) in our society. The International
Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an international
organization which regulates the standards of and strengthens the organic
movement globally in its full diversity by uniting and assisting more than 120
countries about the organic vision of the world. According to IFOAM,”Organic
Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems
and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted
to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic
Agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared
environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all
involved”. The essence of CF can be viewed as a suitable tool for promoting
sustainability in agricultural production. Sustainable intensification is the
process of supplying safe and nutritious food per unit of input, meeting our
needs without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own
requirement or needs. Besides other benefits of UP, the system also guarantees
the production of healthy foods. This is an important issue because according to
the estimates of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2015, about 795
million people in the world are still undernourished, i.e., one in nine people.
In India, under-nutrition and obesity (over-nutrition) are the major dual
nutrition burdens at present. Recently, Indian Government has approved setting
up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) to overcome the nutrition related
problems in the country. Growing concern of food and environmental issues in
conventional agricultural system has led to the generation of eco-friendly
approaches of farming system, commonly known as 0F system. This system includes:
a) Biological farming
b) Nature farming
c) Regenerative agriculture
d) Alternate agriculture
f) Low input sustainable agriculture
This production management system large promotes the use of organic materials
or on-farm resources (Crop residues, animal manures, green manures, on and off
farm wastes, growth regulators, biofertilizers, biopesticides, etc), and
discourages the use of synthetic off farm inputs (fertilizers, fungicides,
herbicides, pesticides, etc.) for maintaining the balance of nature without
polluting soil, water, and air to obtain yield for a longer time. it integrates
site specific agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods to foster cycling of
resources and enhance agro-ecosystem health.
Exclusion of agrochemicals.
Maintenance of natural balance.
Production of nutritious food.
Enhancement of rural livelihood with profitable OF.
Conversation of soil and water resources.
Systematic raising of livestock along with crop production.
Conservation or enhancement of biodiversity and eco-system services.
Prevention of pollution.
Reduction in use of fossil fuel energy in agriculture.
Development of more sustainable and productive agriculture system.