(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Organic Farming in Indian Economy
Organic Farming in Indian Economy
The agriculture sector continues to be vulnerable with fluctuating growth
rate due to uncertainty of rainfall and raising of temperature (climate change).
Therefore, OF has great potential for addressing these issues.
Indirectly, the OF system can provide some economic advantages. With increase
in income levels of farmers, their socio-economic conditions improve. The social
capacity enhances, and they afford better education for their children.
Establishment of SHGs, NGOs, etc. help in easy availability of credits,
certification process, etc. Thus, the social capital is increased, and the
system also empowers rural youth and women with employment opportunities. Women
have more bargaining power, and they also participate in decision making
OF aims to work with natural systems, which leads to promotion of indigenous
technical knowledge and transfer of knowledge from generation to generation.
This helps in preservation of cultural practices and crop varieties. Wild
varieties are heritage in the list of germplasm because they are depleting very
fast. The health of farmer is maintained by cultivating organic practices and
having nutritious foods. Thus, the living standard of the farmers are increased
with OF practices.
Organification is the need of the hour to resolve the challenges of
agriculture. Low economic returns in the initial stage restrain farmers to adopt
OF practices. But this indicates the lack of knowledge about the merits of OF
among farmers. Government agencies and schemes should try to fill this gap by
giving demonstrations of the techniques of OF to make the farming community
expert in the alternative methods of the conventional farming. The system
requires good managerial skills to handle all the components in right way to
harness maximum benefits of CF. Therefore, the managers of farms also need
trainings to enhance the sustainable utilization of resources. More research
should be conducted for validation of organic methods in field, as India has
huge potential for organic crop production.