(The Gist of Kurukshetra) Production and Growth of
Agriculture & Allied Sector
Production and Growth of Agriculture & Allied Sector
During the planned era of development, India made a remarkable progress in
the production of agriculture and allied sector. Foodgrain production In India
went up from 50.8 million tonnes In 1950« 51 to 275.7 million tonnes in 2016 17
reflecting an annual compound growth rate of 2.60 per cent (Fig. 1). Whereas,
the production of cereals shot up nearly by six times, the production of pulses
went up by less than three times during the period under reference. It is
noteworthy, that foodgrain production in the country witnessed a higher annual
compound growth rate (2.60%) as compared to total population (2.19%) during the
period from 1951 to 2017. As a result of rapid growth in foodgrain production,
per capita per day availability of foodgrains in India increased from 395 grams
in 1951 to 506 gms in 2017.
The diverse agro climatic conditions in India i make it possible to grow almost
all types of horticultural products like fresh fruits, vegetables, root and
tuber crops, flowers, aromatic and medicinal crops, spices and plantation crops.
Vegetables are also an important part of horticulture sector. They constitute
about 59% of horticulture production in India In fact India has emerged as the
second largest fruit and vegetable producer In the world after China.