(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Promotion and Development of Handloom and Handicraft Sector

(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Promotion and Development of Handloom and Handicraft Sector


Promotion and Development of Handloom and Handicraft Sector


  • India has assimilated different cultures and evolved as a stronger and more resilient country.

The different art forms have evolved as a result of several factors like:

  1. Availability of raw materials
  2. Legacy skill transfer
  3. Environment
  4. Local agricultural traditions
  5. Religious beliefs

Some of the examples affected by local factors are:

  1. Clay pottery in Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh) has grown due to the availability of a special type of clay.
  2. Kanjeevaram sarees have motifs drawn from nearby temples.
  3. Bangle making and lacquer industry has grown around lacquer-producing areas in Rajasthan.
  4. Pashmina is a goat wool fabric from Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir.

Other details

  • The handicraft industry and textile manufacturing were significantly damaged by the arrival of the East India Company in India.
  • The production of art and craft declined during British rule.
  • It could only survive in places with local needs and support. For instance, brassware and expensive silver decoration like filigree were supported by royal families.
  • Some arts were preserved by the passion of families. For example, the Salvi family of Patan, Gujarat preserved the Patola saree weaving tradition.


  • Several initiatives like Silk Mark and Handloom Mark are taken to indicate quality certification. They also protect the origin and identity of the crafts through Geographical Indication tagging.



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Courtesy: Kurukshetra