(The Gist of Kurukshetra) ROLE OF NGOS AND PRIVATE SECTOR IN SKILLING-November-2017

(The Gist of Kurukshetra) ROLE OF NGOS AND PRIVATE SECTOR IN SKILLING-November-2017


The half a billion strong and growing labour force of our country is poised to play a decisive role in the global skilling ecosystem. According to Economic Survey, though 63 percent of the population is economically active (15-59 years), only two percent of the country’s total population makes up its skilled workforce. In the coming years, 11-13 million people will aspire for employment opportunities each year. Sadly, for this large number of people, the employability continues to be a major concern. Young population is a boon if they are properly employed, otherwise they may become a liability. For enjoying the fruits of demographic dividend, it is important to raise investment in human capital to promote the productivity of the

Programmes of the Government

For about last three decades, the Government has been endeavoring at creation of self employment by providing credit is subsidized form in programmes such as IRDP (Integrated Rural
Development Programme), SJSRY (Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana), SGSY (Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana), NRLM (National Rural Livelihoods Mission) etc. MGNREGA (Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) is also one of the programme which ensures employment of rural people for minimum 100 days. However, people residing in rural sector society are insufficiently equipped to absorb credit and to start their own enterprise, because of their lack of business skills, illiteracy, their inability to take risks of business skills, illiteracy, their inability to take risks and absence of motivation. Upgrading their skills and making them employable in the newly emerging industries and trades in the need of the hour.


Non-Governmental Organisations are voluntary, autonomous, non-profit units set up to address various problems and disadvantages in society. In the past, the NGOs have helped government’s agenda of development. Five Year Plans attached due importance to the role of NGOs in the development of rural sector. The NGOs are flexible in their response to local needs. NGOs have volunteered to work in less explored rural areas, where government agencies live limited access.

Their achievements in encouraging participation, boosting up democratic institutions and enhancing access to skill development services have been tremendous. The government has formed different institutions to provide fund to NGOs like Cooperatives, Khadi and Village Industries Board, National Wasteland Development Board, Central Social Welfare
Board, and CAPAET (Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology). NGOs plan and implement skill developmental plans and help in mobilizing the local resources for implementation of the plant. For integrated development of the rural areas, they generate awareness and prepare training modules for vocational training to the candidates. They also equip them with skills which could form a bridge between education and employability.

Cooperate Social Responsibility

Corporate Social Responsibility is also referred to as “corporate citizenship”. It may imply incurring short-term costs that many not be financially beneficial to the company, but instead promote positive social and environmental change. They endeavour to mobilize, train, make people employable and create entrepreneurs in rural areas with objective to get the right
job to the right person. Under this, skills are created and individuals trained so that they get the right employment. Unaware of the available opportunities, most of the young people in the rural areas lack aspirations. Here, the CSR steps in to align their training program with the industry. It is a great tool for industries to make a potential impact.

CSR has been able to reach many rural areas enabling the youngsters to get an opportunity of skill development. Poor accessibility, problems of migration and need to mobilize the youth are some of the challenges faced by the CSR. It should be our efforts to kindle aspiration among the youth for acquiring a skill, as against a degree, because skilling and the role it play in people’s life has now assumed as social dimension.

Social Workers

Social work is a profession to empower people to develop their skills and to use the available resources to resolve problems. Social workers are the agents of social change. They build capacity of rural folks by providing suitable skills and making the community sustain on its own. Rural India is the nerve centre of known traditional skills such as carpet weeping, leather industry, brassware, silk, glasswork, wooden carving, madhubani painting, embroidery etc. It is the ingenuity of the social workers to identify these skills and make suitable arrangements to extend trainings in these renowned works of art and craft.

This improves livelihood of the people, which in turn ameliorates the economic status of the country. Many times, people in rural areas are not conversant about the newly introduced programmes of government. It is where the social workers make their presence felt by bridging the knowledge gap between government programmes and unemployed youth of the
rural sector. With the help of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, social workers try to set up training institutes for the benefit of rural people and ensure equality across all training programs. Their objective is the enhancement of skill and training relevant to be current industrial requirements. Pradhan Mantri YOUVA Scheme aims at providing one-line entrepreneurship education to students across the country with the help of institutions of higher learning, schools, it is and entrepreneurship development centers, both government and

PM’s Focus on Skill Development

Skill development has been given priority by our Prime Minister with the hope that Skill India Programme will provide huge human resources not only in India, but also internationally. Government programmes are now planning to focus on improving the quality of the skill development training which is getting affected because of poor capacity of trainers. Different industries have indicated that there exists a wide disconnect between the demand and supply of skilled resources. To overcome these gaps, National Skills Policy 2015 has made it mandatory for all the courses to follow the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF). Apart from that, Training of Trainers program has been introduced so that quality is ensured
in the delivery of vocational courses. To ensure that trained candidates get the right job at the right place, trained candidates should be given orientation course. These steps forward would help in meeting the target of skilling 500 million people by 2022.

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Courtesy : Kurukshetra