(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Vital Role of Tribal Art in Safeguarding Cultural Identity

(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Vital Role of Tribal Art in Safeguarding Cultural Identity


Vital Role of Tribal Art in Safeguarding Cultural Identity


The tribal artwork, woven intricately into the fabric of artistic expression, stands as a testament to the diverse cultural tapestry of the nation. Over time, it has undergone a gradual evolution, journeying alongside classical forms. These artistic traditions are deeply rooted within distinct social communities, each imbued with its own unique cultural essence. These expressions primarily manifest as visual art forms, such as paintings, depicting the intricacies of daily life, traditions, and cultural heritage specific to their respective communities. The art of tribal communities often incorporate elements like local festivals, divine beings, and flights of fancy into their portrayal.

Dimension of the Tribal folk art 

  • Tribal folk art has diverse dimensions, with numerous forms and expressions, but their oldest art form is painting, which has no known history. Be it the allure of finely crafted wooden toys or furniture, the intricate designs of metalwork, or the delicate weaving of colourful fabrics, the genesis and evolution of these arts trace back to epochs long past, when humanity transitioned into the age of metal. Agriculture had taken root, and humanity had begun veiling their forms in garments. 

  • Thus, while myriad forms of art blossomed in subsequent eras, the art of painting stands as a relic of antiquity, its primordial essence beyond question or dispute. The genesis of their painting remains shrouded in mystery, with its unknown inception. 

  • Despite tireless endeavours, it has only been guessed that the art of sketching emerged during humanity’s primordial dawn. Thus, cave painting emerges as the pristine essence of tribal artistry, for the ancient cave paintings unearthed to date grace the very landscapes where tribal communities continue to dwell, echoing the timeless connection between their art and their ancestral homelands.


  • The tradition and cultural diversity of tribal India are the most ancient and unparalleled in the world, with its own relevance and rationality, since Indian tribes express their unique artistry in beautiful ways, so factors like geographia, socio-historic transition, transformation and transcreation shape the style of their artistic approach. 

  • This art is a precious gem in our rich civilisation, brought to life with vibrant colours by talented indigenous artisans all over the country. 

  • Being close to nature, indigenous people infuse their art with a regional touch. Their belief systems inspire them to interpret things in their own native ways, reflecting in their artwork. Often, ancient myths and spirituality of God and Goddess are reimagined in modern contexts.

  • Tribal life and tradition or environment are two crucial prerequisites for the evolution and ecological development of art. The indigenous communities have been incredibly fortunate in both these aspects. The adherence to tradition is a cultural trait of tribal communities.

  • The Saura art, with its masterful strokes, adorns the rugged faces of rocks and crevices, paying homage to departed souls and safeguarding against unseen maladies. Symbolic worship intertwines seamlessly with sacred rituals and traditional festivities, weaving a tapestry of cultural heritage that spans generations. Celebrated for their unparalleled beauty, captivating allure, and profound symbolism, these artworks serve as vessels of traditional wisdom, repositories of ancestral knowledge, and custodians of timeless folk tales.

  • Tribal creators honour Earth and her gifts, using their creativity to weave tales of respect and reverence. paintings and sculptures are like windows into the past, preserving the traditions and beliefs of their ancestors for future generations to admire. Through their art, tribes find strength and purpose, guiding them through life’s journey with wisdom and pride. 

  • In the end, Indian tribal art is not just about pretty pictures— it’s about preserving culture and passing on traditions from one generation to the next. Traditional tribal art in India tries to capture the special vibe of tribal life that never fades. It’s not just something from the past; but is alive today. It’s become a big part of what makes India unique and special.


  • Tribal art, particularly their paintings, acts as a guardian of the unique heritage and customsof indigenous communities. It serves as a mirror reflecting on their lifestyle and imparting knowledge about their beliefs and principles. Despite the ongoing changes in society, tribal art remains a testimony to the distinct and captivating essence of India. Ensuring the preservation of tribal art is akin to safeguarding the rich tradition of our nation’s cultural legacy.



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Courtesy: Kurukshetra