(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Water for Clean and Green Village

(GIST OF KURUKSHETRA) Water for Clean and Green Village


Water for Clean and Green Village


  • Government of India is operating with strategic visioning, prioritisation, and implementation methods to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with the motto of ‘Leaving No One Behind’, through the ‘Whole of Government and Whole of Society’ approach.
  • SDGs are cross-cutting in nature, and a particular SDG can be mapped to many ministries that can be addressed through various schemes.
  • Clean and green is not merely about removing garbage or planting some tree saplings; it is about health, climate action, water conservation, increasing life expectancy and well-being, and so on.

Components of a Clean and Green Village:

  1. Open Defecation Free Village
  2. Clean & Green Schools
  3. Clean & Green Anganwadis
  4. Scientific management of solid waste
  5. Waste Water management
  6. Affordable & Clean energy including solar & wind energy
  7. Greening Development
  8. Promotion of organic farming and progressing reduction of chemical fertilisers & pesticides.
  9. Celebrate clean and green living.
  10. Strengthening local committees and enhancing larger participation.
  11. Supply of clean & safe drinking water.
  12. Improvement of indoor air quality.
  13. Energy conservation.
  14. Rainwater conservation including Rainwater Harvesting. 
  • Green refers to a world in which natural resources, including oceans, land, and forests, are sustainably managed and conserved to improve livelihoods and ensure food security, and most importantly, protect the environment for future generations.
  • Clean refers to access to safe and adequate drinking water and sanitation services in a low-pollution, low-emission world in which cleaner air, water, and the oceans enable people to lead healthy and productive lives.

Government Initiatives for Clean and Green Village

  • Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2 October 2014.
  • The Swachh Bharat Mission was launched to achieve Open Defecation Free (ODF) in India in five years.
  • ODF would mean the termination of faecal-oral transmission, defined by, a) no visible faeces found in the environment/village and b) every household, as well as public/community institution(s), using a safe technology option for disposal of faeces, as defined by the Ministry.
  • The focus is to provide flexibility to State Governments, as sanitation is a state subject, to decide on their implementation policy, use of funds, and mechanisms, taking into account State-specific requirements.

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

  • The Prime Minister of India launched the Jal Jeevan Mission on 15 August 2019.
  • The mission envisioned providing clean, safe, and adequate drinking water to all rural households, schools, anganwadis, and public health centres through functional tap connections by 2024.
  • Quality of water was given the utmost importance and not the infrastructure only. The main focus was on the functionality of taps.
  • As of 15 Aug 2023, 12.85 crore (66.8%) households, out of a total of 19.23 crore households in India have functional tap connections.
  • This mission has also pushed the very idea of the theme ‘Clean & Green Village’ up to a great extent and was very much instrumental in achieving the goal of Clean and Green Village.

Jal Shakti Abhiyan - Catch the Rain (JSA CTR)

  • It aims to make the Jal Andolan a Jan Andolan.
  • Government of India launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan in 2019, a national call to action that involved States, districts, and millions of people in water conservation and recharge.
  • The campaign was implemented in 1,592 water-stressed blocks in 256 districts of the country.
  • It aims to create and maintain appropriate Rainwater Conservation Structures, suitable to the soil strata & climatic conditions of the area, with active people’s participation.
  • The campaign was implemented with the main theme ‘Catch the Rain, where it falls when it falls’.



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Courtesy: Kurukshetra