(The Gist of PIB) Seed Bankers for Conserving Native Crops

    (The Gist of PIB) Seed Bankers for Conserving Native Crops

Seed Bankers for Conserving Native Crops

  • A total of 1597 farmers varieties have been registered with Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Authority and certificates of registration have been issued.

India’s Seed Bank?

  • India has established its own seed storage facility at Chang La in Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It has been built jointly by the Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR) and the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) in 2010 under the aegis of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • It stores over 5,000 seed accessions (one accession consists of a set of seeds of a particular species collected from different geographical and demographic locations).
  • Note: Svalbard Global Seed Vault is the world’s largest seed storage facility situated at Norway.

ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) 

  • It is a nodal organisation for management of plant genetic resources in India and functions under the control of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
  • It is conserving seed germplasm for long-term conservation (at -20°C) in its National Genebank (NGB)
  • It plans, organizes, conducts and coordinates exploration and collection of indigenous and exotic plant genetic resources.


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Courtesy: PIB