(THE GIST OF PIB) Tuberculosis disease

(THE GIST OF PIB) Tuberculosis disease


Tuberculosis disease

  • Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Mansukh Mandaviya said that the government is striving hard to make the country TB free by 2025. 
  • He said a campaign is going to be launched on community support for better treatment and cure for TB patients in a few days.  
  • The campaign intends to reach out to cooperative societies, NGOs, corporates, elected representatives, political parties, individuals and partners. 

What is TB?

  • Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is an ancient disease and has been documented to have existed in Egypt as early as 3000 BC. 
  • TB most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB), but it can also affect other organs (extra-pulmonary TB).
  • TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks.
  • Common symptoms of TB are: Cough for three weeks or more, sometimes with blood-streaked sputum; Fever, especially at night; Weight loss and Loss of appetite.

Who is at risk?

  • Over 95% of cases and deaths are in developing countries.
  • People infected with TB bacteria have a 5–10% lifetime risk of falling ill with TB. Those with compromised immune systems, such as people living with HIV, malnutrition or diabetes, or people who use tobacco, have a higher risk of falling ill.
  • However, TB is curable and preventable.

Treatment for TB

  • Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) is the strategy followed for treatment of TB. Tuberculosis treatment requires at least 6 months of treatment.
  • Currently, BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) is the only licensed vaccine available for the prevention of TB.
  • BCG works well in certain places but not so well in others. Generally, the farther a country is from the equator, the higher is the efficacy.
  • However, BCG gives excellent protection against severe forms of tuberculosis in children.



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Courtesy: PIB