(The Gist of PIB) President, PM greet nation on National Technology Day [MAY-2019]
(The Gist of PIB) President, PM
greet nation on National Technology Day [MAY-2019]
President, PM greet nation on National
- President Ram Nath Kovind today greeted the scientific community on
National Technology Day (May 11, 2019) marking the anniversary of the
Pokhran nuclear Tests of 1998.
- Pokhran-II (a.k.a Operation Shakti-98) is the name assigned to the
series of five nuclear bomb test explosions conducted by India at the Indian
Army’s Pokhran Test Range in May 1998.
- On May 11, 1998, India carried out three nuclear tests. Two days later,
India carried out two more tests. Of the five detonations, the first was a
fusion bomb and the remaining four were fission bombs.
- Subsequently, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared
India a full-fledged nuclear state.
- It was the second Indian nuclear test; the first test, code-named
Smiling Buddha, was conducted in 1974.
- The key scientists behind the triumph of ‘Operation Shakti’ were APJ
Abdul Kalam, R Chidambaram, K Santhanam and Anil Kakodkar. The three top
politicians in the NDA Government who decided to conduct the tests were
Prime Minister AB Vajpayee; Defence Minister George Fernandes and Foreign
Minister Jaswant Singh.