(The Gist of Science Reporter) Government Initiatives to Save Marine Ecosystem [MARCH-2019]

(The Gist of Science Reporter) Government Initiatives to Save Marine Ecosystem [MARCH-2019]

Government Initiatives to Save Marine Ecosystem

  • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972; Provides protection to a wide number of animals against protection.
  • Environmental Protection Act, 1986: Prohibits use of any parts of selected marine faunal com against construction and other purposes.
  • Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991: Regulates onshore development activities top environments.
  • Indian Fisheries Act: The fisheries act deals with penalties for the destruction of fish by explosives in inland and coastal waters, the destruction of fish by poisoning of waters and the protection of fish in selected waters by rules of state Government.
  • National Policy on Marine Fisheries: In April 2017, Government of India notified the National Policy Marine Fisheries, 2017' (NPMF) which provides guidance for promoting ’Blue Growth initiatives' which focus on ushering 'Blue Revolution 1 (Neeli Kranti) by sustainable utilisation of fisheries wealth from the marine and other aquatic resources of the country for improving the lives and livelihoods of fishermen and their families.
  • National Oil-spill Disaster Contingency Plan (NOSDCP): In 1993, NOSOCP allocated functional responsibilities to various ministries and departments for oilspill response in the Maritime Zones of India. The ports are responsible for oil-spill clean-up within port limits, and oil-handling agencies are responsible for oil-spill cleanup up to 500 metres around the oil-handling  installations. The Coastal States and Union Territories are responsible for shoreline clean-up, whenever the oil -spill reaches the shore and threatens the shoreline.
  • Coast Guard Act, 1978: States that the preservation and protection of marine environment and control of marine pollution is the function of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG). The ICG has been accordingly nominated in 1986 as the Central Coordinating Authority for oil-spill response in the Maritime Zones of India and Coast Guard officers have been empowered under the Merchant Shipping Act 1958, for taking necessary actions against polluters.

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Courtesy: Science Reporter