(The Gist of Science Reporter) Government Initiatives to Save Marine Ecosystem [MARCH-2019]
(The Gist of Science Reporter) Government Initiatives
to Save Marine Ecosystem [MARCH-2019]
Government Initiatives to Save Marine
Wildlife Protection Act, 1972; Provides protection to a wide
number of animals against protection.
Environmental Protection Act, 1986: Prohibits use of any parts of
selected marine faunal com against construction and other purposes.
Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991: Regulates onshore
development activities top environments.
Indian Fisheries Act: The fisheries act deals with penalties for
the destruction of fish by explosives in inland and coastal waters, the
destruction of fish by poisoning of waters and the protection of fish in
selected waters by rules of state Government.
National Policy on Marine Fisheries: In April 2017, Government of
India notified the National Policy Marine Fisheries, 2017' (NPMF) which
provides guidance for promoting ’Blue Growth initiatives' which focus on
ushering 'Blue Revolution 1 (Neeli Kranti) by sustainable utilisation of
fisheries wealth from the marine and other aquatic resources of the country
for improving the lives and livelihoods of fishermen and their families.
National Oil-spill Disaster Contingency Plan (NOSDCP): In 1993,
NOSOCP allocated functional responsibilities to various ministries and
departments for oilspill response in the Maritime Zones of India. The ports
are responsible for oil-spill clean-up within port limits, and oil-handling
agencies are responsible for oil-spill cleanup up to 500 metres around the
oil-handling installations. The Coastal States and Union Territories
are responsible for shoreline clean-up, whenever the oil -spill reaches the
shore and threatens the shoreline.
Coast Guard Act, 1978: States that the preservation and
protection of marine environment and control of marine pollution is the
function of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG). The ICG has been accordingly
nominated in 1986 as the Central Coordinating Authority for oil-spill
response in the Maritime Zones of India and Coast Guard officers have been
empowered under the Merchant Shipping Act 1958, for taking necessary actions