MCQs on Millets

1. Millet crops are generally used for which purpose?

a) Food for human being
b) Fuel production
c) Feed & Fodder for animals
d) All of these

2. How many countries supported the Indian proposal for celebrating year 2023 as International Year of Millets in UNO?

a) >25
b) >70
c) >110
d) >220

3. What is the full name of NFSM?

a) Nutritional Food Security Mission
b) National Food Supply Mission
c) National Food Security Mission
d) National Food Safety Mission

4. Which crop is highly tolerant of drought and other extreme weather conditions?

a) Rice
b) Wheat
c) Bajra
d) Maize

5. Which of the following grains has the lowest protein content?

a)   Rice
b) Wheat
c) Maize
d) Millet

6. Which millet crop has the highest calcium content?

a) Sorghum
b) Finger millet
c) Pearl millet
d) Kodo millet

7. Which institute exclusively deals with the study of different kinds of millets?

a) ICRISAT, Hyderabad
b) IIMR, Hyderabad
c) CAZRI, Jodhpur
d) IARI, New Delhi

8 . Which of the following cereals has a high fibre content (8%)?

a) Rice
b) Wheat
c) Pearl Millet
d) Kodo Millet

9. Which country is the largest producer of millets?

a) India
b) China
c) Nigeria
d) Russia

10. Most of the millets are grown as kharif crops or autumn crops. True or False?
a) True

b) False

11. Okashana 1, developed by ICRISAT and the Namibian national program, is now one of the most popular millet varieties of which crop?

a) Great millet (Sorghum)
b) Pearl millet (Bajra)
c) Finger millet (Ragi)
d) Proso millet (Common millet)

12. Millet crops are called miracle grains and crop of the future, why?

a) Drought tolerant crops
b) Require few external inputs
c) Nutritionally comparable to rice & wheat
d) All of these

13. Which millet crops contain prussic acid that poisons animals by inhibiting oxygen utilisation by the cells, thereby causing the death of animals that eat the forage crops in wilting condition?

a) Bajra
b) Ragi
c) Sorghum
d) None of these

14. Millets do not contain which protein that has been proved to trigger celiac disease?

a) Gluten
b) Lactose
c) Albumen
d) Keratin

15. Which ancient scripture mentions about different millets in its text?

a) Rigveda
b) Atharvaveda
c) Yajurveda
d) Mundaka Upanishad

16. Millet consumption per capita is about 65% of total cereal food consumption in which country?

a) India
b) Nigeria
c) Niger
d) North Korea

17. Millets are C4 plants with good water-use efficiency and utilize high temperature. True/ False?

a) True
b) False
c) Partly true
d) None of these

18. Millets are often referred as climate resilient crops, why?

a) Can be grown in arid land with minimal inputs and maintenance
b) Tolerant or resistance to many pests and diseases
c) More resilient to climate shocks than other crops
d) All of these

19. Which character of millets makes it a good option for people with blood sugar?

a) Low glycaemic index
b) High glycaemic index
c) Gluten-free
d) None of these

20. Regular eating of millet and millet-based products decreases triglycerides and C-reactive protein. It results in decreasing the occurrence of which disease?

a) Gastric ulcers
b) Kidney diseases
c) Cardiovascular disease
d) Liver diseases

21. Millets have which of the following nutraceutical health benefits?

a) Increase in digestive system well-being
b) Lowering of cancer risks
c) Improvement of the muscular system
d) All of these

22. Presence of which form of phosphorus makes it less available in monogastric animals?

a) Phytate phosphorus
b) Phenolic phosphorus
c) Ferulic acid
d) All of these



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Courtesy: Science Reporter