(GIST OF SCIENCE REPORTER) Sympathetic Solar Flare

(GIST OF SCIENCE REPORTER) Sympathetic Solar Flare


Sympathetic Solar Flare

  • A rare "super-sympathetic" solar flare event featuring four simultaneous eruptions, was recently observed by astronomers.

What are Solar Flares?

  • A solar flare is an intense burst of radiation coming from the release of magnetic energy associated with sunspots. They are our solar system’s largest explosive events. 

  • They are seen as bright areas on the sun, and they can last from minutes to hours. In a matter of just a few minutes, they heat the material to many millions of degrees and produce a burst of radiation across the electromagnetic spectrum, including from radio waves to x-rays and gamma rays.

  • Although solar flares can be visible in white light, they are often more readily noticed via their bright X-ray and ultraviolet emissions.

Effect of Solar Flare on Earth:

  • The intense radiation emitted during a solar flare can affect satellite communications, disrupt radio signals, and even pose a risk to astronauts in space.

  • Additionally, the increased solar radiation can lead to geomagnetic storms, which may impact power grids and cause auroras (northern and southern lights) at lower latitudes.

About Sympathetic Solar Flare:

  • It occurs when sunspots or filaments are invisibly linked by massive magnetic field loops that arch above the solar surface. When one flare detonates, the others follow in rapid succession.

  • Sympathetic solar flares typically involve just two linked flares, ranging in intensity from minor outbursts to X-class flares, the most powerful class of solar flares.

  • They are more likely to happen during or around the solar maximum, the most active phase of the Sun's approximately 11-year solar cycle.



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Courtesy: Science Reporter