Gist of The Hindu: JULY 2020

Gist of The Hindu: JULY 2020

Second phase of  operation samudrasetu begins evacuation process

  • Indian navy ship INS Jalashwa will sail from Colombo port in Sri Lanka today carrying around 700 Indian nationals back to Tuticorin in Tamil nadu.
  • This will be the first operation as part of operation 'SamudraSetu' from Sri Lanka to repatriate Indian citizens as part of Vande Bharat mission.
  • The ship will reach Colombo this morning and will depart by late evening. Indian high commission in Colombo is making final arrangements for the repatriation with support of Sri Lankan navy and other authorities.
  • COVID-related social distancing norms have been catered onboard and evacuees would be provided basic amenities and medical facilities during the sea-passage. 
  • Indian Navy has already repatriated 1,488 Indian nationals from Malè to Kochi during the previous phase of operations. INS Jalashwa is scheduled to bring back another 700 Indian nationals from Maldives capital of Male on Friday and preparations regarding it are also on.

Surge in aspirants for MGNREGA jobs due to reverse migration

  • As the COVID-19 induced reverse migration has brought many families to their native places in the northern districts of Karnataka, the onus is now on creating more person days under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). While there are still problems at the ground level, the reality is that not all can find jobs under the scheme.
  • The sheer magnitude of reverse migration makes it impossible for the administration to create jobs for all under a single scheme. While for a major chunk, the MGNREGS is the only help, not all are dependent on it as they are looking for other options.
  • During a reality check, it was found that some had found alternative jobs, while in some cases even graduates have turned to the MGNREGS for help. In contrast to the claim of officials, representatives of farmers organisations complained of corruption and non-cooperation at village level.
  • In Belagavi district, the officials say they are making extensive preparations to gainfully employ labourers, who have returned from big cities, through the MGNREGS. “Against an estimated 6,000 labourers who returned, we have issued 9,000 job cards in one month. We have clocked 90,000 person days per day till May 26,” said zilla panchayat chief executive officer K.V. Rajendra. 

India seeks flexibility in TRIPS agreements to ensure drug access

  • India has pitched for flexibility in global intellectual property rights (IPR) agreements, in order to ensure access to essential medicines and vaccines at affordable rates to all as the world grapples with the Covid-19 pandemic. 
  • At the virtual General Council Meeting of the World Trade Organization on Friday, New Delhi also said there was an “urgent need” to build the digital capacities of developing countries and least developed countries (LDC) so that they benefit from e-education and tele-medicine. 
  • India also flagged other priority areas such as ensuring food security and elimination of the historic asymmetries in entitlements in the Agreement on Agriculture and completion of negotiations on disciplines on fisheries subsidies with appropriate special and differential treatment for developing countries including LDCs to protect their small and subsistence fishermen. 
  • On the issue of Kazakhstan re-offering to host the Ministerial Conference in June 2021, India said the certainty of dates will “help mute criticism that the WTO has not held a Ministerial Conference at a critical time when both trade and the rules-based multilateral system have been under serious threat”. 

Violent protests continues against racism in U.S.

  • Violence has erupted in cities all over US,during protests sparked by the death in police custody of African-American George Floyd.People took it to the streets for the sixth day in a row and Curfews have been imposed in nearly 40 cities. 
  • Riot police clashed with protesters in New York, Chicago, Philadelphia and Los Angeles, firing tear gas and pepper bullets to try to disperse the crowds. Police vehicles were set on fire and shops were looted in several cities. Large-scale protests also took place in Atlanta, Boston, Miami and Oklahoma City.
  • The unrest initially began in Minneapolis in Minnesota but has now spread across the country, with reports of violence coming in from across major cities including Los Angeles, Chicago, New York, Houston, Philadelphia and Washington DC. 
  • The police fired tear gas near the White House on Sunday night to dissuade protesters who had smashed the windows of prominent buildings, overturned cars and set fires.


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Courtesy: The Hindu