(GIST OF YOJANA) An Analysis of Education Sector Budget
An Analysis of Education Sector Budget
The Indian education system has witnessed major structural changes in recent
years. The focus has shifted from merely providing access to schools and
colleges towards pursuit of quality in education, in line with the SDG-4.
The education budget allocation amounts to a total of Rs. 99,311 crore.
The current allocation reflects an increase of 5% from the previous year.
There has been significant emphasis on higher education which is evident
from the increased share of higher education from 34% in 2014-15 to 42% in
2017-18 in the total budgetary outlay of MHRD.
Key Initiatives Proposed Under Union Budget 2020-21:
The govt. is already focusing on training all the untrained teachers in
the country through various institutions including National Institute of
Open Learning (NIOS).
The govt. is also striving to utilize ICT in teacher training (e.g.
Equalisation of Opportunities to Access Higher Education:
The current budget by proposing a degree level full-fledged online
education programme will attract youth towards higher education.
A degree level full-fledged online education programme will help in
increasing Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education.
These programs can only be offered by institutions ranked within the top
100 in the National Institutional Ranking Framework.
Global Higher Education:
To enhance the inflow of international students, the current budget has
proposed to initiate Ind-SAT which is to be held in Asian and African
countries under the ‘Study in India’ programme.
The current budget proposes to introduce sourcing External Commercial
Borrowing (ECBs) and FDI so as to be able to deliver higher quality
The current budget has adopted a unique approach by proposing
establishment of a National Police University and a National Forensic
Enhancing and Ensuring Employability:
The budget has proposed to address the issue of unemployment with the
initiative of apprenticeship embedded degree/diploma courses in about 150
higher education institutions.
Another important initiative pertains to the proposed internship program
for engineering students with urban local bodies for a period up to one
year. This is expected to bring in transformation in the way urban local