(GIST OF YOJANA) Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) [FEBRUARY-2019]


(GIST OF YOJANA) Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

[FEBRUARY-2019]


Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

Mains Paper 3: Economy
Prelims level: AMRUT
Mains level: Infrastructure, roads, ports, railways

Introduction

  •  The Government of India launched the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) with the aim of providing basic civic amenities like water supply, sewerage, urban transport, parks as to improve the quality of life for all especially the poor and the disadvantaged.
  •  The focus of the Mission is on infrastructure creation that has a direct link to provision of belter services to the citizens.

The purpose of “AMRUT” mission

  •  ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection;
  •  increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces e.g. parks and;
  •  reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport e.g. walking and cycling.
  •  The Mission aimed to cover 500 cities that include all cities and towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities.
  •  Total outlay for AMRUT is Rs. 50,000 crores for five years from FY 2015-16 to FY 2019-20 and the Mission is being operated as a Central Sponsored Scheme.
  •  The project fund is divided among States/UTs in an equitable formula in which 50:50 weightage is being given to the urban population of each State/UT and number of statutory towns.
    Mission Components
  •  The components of the AMRUT consist of capacity building, reform implementation, water supply, sewerage and septage management, storm water drainage, urban transport and development of green spaces and parks.
  •  During the process of planning, the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) strive to include some smart features in the physical infrastructure components. The details of the Mission components are given below:

Water Supply:

  •  Water supply systems including augmentation of existing water supply, water treatment plants and universal metering,
  •  Rehabilitation of old water supply systems, including treatment plants.
  •  Rejuvenation of water bodies specifically for drinking water supply and recharging of groundwater.
  •  Special water supply arrangement for difficult areas, hill and coastal cities, including those having water quality problems (e.g. arsenic, fluoride)

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Sewerage

  •  Decentralised, networked underground sewerage systems, including augmentation of existing sewerage systems and sewage treatment plants,
  •  Rehabilitation of old sewerage system and treatment plants.
  •  Recycling of water for beneficial purposes and reuse of wastewater.

Septage

  • Faecal Sludge Management- cleaning, transportation and treatment in a cost effective manner.
  • Mechanical and Biological cleaning of sewers and septic tanks and recovery of operational cost in full.

Storm Water Drainage

  •  Construction and improvement of drains and storm water drains in order to reduce and eliminate flooding.

Urban Transport

  •  Ferry vessels for inland waterways (excluding port/bay infrastructure) and buses,
  •  Footpaths/ walkways, sidewalks, foot over-bridges and facilities for non-motorised transport (e.g. bicycles).

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