(GIST OF YOJANA) Energy Efficiency is the Key for Sustainable Development [JUNE-2019]

(GIST OF YOJANA)  Energy Efficiency is the Key for Sustainable Development


Energy Efficiency is the Key for Sustainable Development


  •  In India the electrification of households has taken place on a massive scale and demand for this has been the growing population.
  •  Another is the enormous increase in energy intensive economic activities. As the conventional sources of energy are reducing and the renewable sources are under developing phase, improving energy efficiency at all levels of the energy spectrum is the cost-effective and quick solution to address this problem.
  •  The government, through Nationally Determined Contributions has aimed to reduce emission intensity of GDP to 33-35 per cent below what it was in 2005 by 2030. However, to achieve this target there is a need for a concerted move to ensure increased energy efficiency especially in 3 sectors.
  1. Industrial sector
  2.  Real estate
  3. Consumer appliance

Industrial sector

  •  Industrial sector continues to be the highest energy consuming domain where energy conservation would play a vital role. There is also huge potential for energy conservation and technology enhancement for efficiency in key intensive industries.
  •  With an aim of energy efficiency improvement, Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is implementing Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme under the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE).

Real estate

  • Envisages a phased approach for developing an energy conservation code for the residential sector. The idea is to create a simple and implementable code focusing on building envelope which can be integrated with the existing building codes and bye-laws. The design of the building envelope will have a direct impact on:
  •  Heat conduction through the roof , opaque wall and glazed windows
  •  Solar radiation gains through glazed windows
  •  Natural ventilation
  •  Day-lighting

    UPSC Pre General Studies Study Material

Labelling Programme for Energy Efficient Homes

  •  To enable consumers to compare building performances from a sustainable energy point of view, a comprehensive labeling scheme is important. Energy labels help consumers to make efficient decisions through the provision of direct, reliable and cost less information.
  •  The objective of proposed labeling programme is mentioned below:
  •  To provide information to consumers for EE Horne
  •  Energy Sustainability for India
  •  To achieve Indian NDC Targets
  •  Market Transformation for Energy efficiency in housing sector
  •  This is expected to save substantial energy through improving energy efficiency to houses nationwide. The estimated energy saving potential through proposed labeling program is around 388 BU by the year 2030.
  •  In conjunction with this, the programme also brings up various ancillary benefits:
  •  It shall act as an embryo to stimulate the larger energy-efficient materials and technologies market. To seek the energy efficiency label, customers shall demand energy efficient building materials which in turn, would give enough impetus to suppliers to produce the same.
  •  After the implementation of the labelling mechanism, the housing value chain would encourage an additional set of professionals to expedite the complete process of residential label granting. This way, the labelling regime shall also be a stimulant for the Indian job market.
  •  It will also motivate material manufacturers to invest in energy efficient material manufacturing in India.
  •  Labelling mechanism shall cause a reduction in energy bills. This will empower individuals with greater disposable income that can be consumed at other avenues, saved for future contingencies or invested for cash generating asset creation for overall economic growth.
  •  It helps the nation in working towards the fulfillment of Global Sustainable Development Goals 7 of the United Nations: Affordable and clean energy.

Consumer appliance

  •  Consumer of the important appliances areas are one of energy consumption . Daily household electronic appliances like AC, Microwave, Washing Machine etc., are included in this sector.
  •  A lot of initiatives are being taken to reduce the energy consumption and to enhance the technology for energy efficiency in consumer durable sector.
  •  Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has been promoting energy conservation through optimum temperature settings for Air Conditioners.
  • According to the study of BEE, one degree increase in the AC temperature setting results in saving of 6 per cm of electricity consumed. 24-26 degree Celsius default has been recommended by BEE for energy saving and also to reduce greenhouse emission.

Complete Study Material For UPSC, IAS Exams

This is Only Sample Material, To Get Full Materials Buy The Gist 1 Year Subscription - "Only PDF" Click Here

Click Here to Download More Free Sample Material