Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched by the Prime Minister on May 1st, 2016 in Bal1ia, Uttar Pradesh to safeguard the health of women and children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel - LPG, so that they do not have to compromise their health in smoky kitchens or wander in unsafe areas col1ecting firewood. Under this scheme, 5 Cr LPG connections were to be provided to BPL families with a support of Rs.1600 per connection within 3 years. Ensuring women's empowerment, especially in rural India, the connections is issued in the name of women of the households. Rs. 8000 Cr. was allocated towards the implementation of the scheme. Identification of the BPL families is done through Socio Economic Caste Census Data. An adult woman member of BPL family identified through Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data is given a deposit free LPG connection with financial assistance of Rs. 16001- per connection by Government ofIndia.

PMUY was expected to result in an additional employment of around 1 Lakh and provide business opportunity of at least Rs. 10,000 Cr. over the 3 Years of the programme to the Indian Industry. Launch of this scheme will also provide a great boost to the 'Make in India' campaign as all the manufacturers of cylinders, gas stoves, regulators, and gas hose are domestic. 14 State s/U'Is having LPG coverage less than the national average, hilly states of J&K, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and all North-East States were identified as priority states for implementing the scheme.

The top five States with maximum connections are UP (46 lakh), West Bengal (19 lakh), Bihar (19 lakh), Madhya Pradesh (17 lakh) and Rajasthan (14 lakh). These States constitutes nearly 75 per cent of the total connections released. The households belonging to SC/ST constitute large chunk of beneficiaries with 35 per cent of the connections being released to them. India is home to more than 24 Crore households out of which about 10 Crore households are stil1 deprived of LPG as cooking fuel and have to rely on firewood, coal, dung - cakes etc. as primary source of cooking.

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Courtesy : Yojana