(GIST OF YOJANA) Indian Youth : Emerging Power - August - 2017
The term 'Youth' as defined by the UNESCO - is "best understood as a period
of transition from the dependence on childhood to adulthood's independence and
awareness of our independence as members of a community. Youth is a more fluid
category than a fixed age group".
As per the Annual Report of the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports
(Department of Youth Affairs), 2016-17, the youth make up to be the most
enthusiastic segment for any institution for governance. Due to their vibrant
and dynamic approach, 'India' comes across as a young nation with nearly 65 per
cent of its population falling under the rough age bracket of "under 35", thus
making it a largely young nation. The Annual Report estimates that by the year
2020, India would have a median age of 28 years as compared to the 38 years of
other South Asian nations and China. The Indian population under the age group
of 15-29, comprises 27.5 of the total population, giving India a favorable
With an array of social, political or civil movements, the youth have been at
the. centre of activities. From the LGBTQ movement to the 'equal right for
women' and from environmental concerns to humans rights - the youth have been at
the centre of activities encompassing multifarious arenas in public life and
often act as a workable pressure group. In order to have their expansive
interest and concerns manifested, the new media tools have been both
continuously and extensively exploited so that Media/social media puts forward,
debates and circulates the popular opinion. The new media tools not only help in
the formation of idea, these also help in collaboration and communication of an
idea and eventually help in validating it with mass acceptance. The reason why
youth should be at the core of economic/socially meaningful actions is its
innate ability to adapt to the ever-changing societal dynamics.
One of the most crucial factors that help youth in finding roots is the use
of, and emphasis on technology. Government's efforts to advocate digitalization
with associated moves and concepts like cashless economy and digital India -
technology is emerging as an effective option in all efforts to address the
issues of the economy. Technology as we know and interact within our day to day
lives is a positive means of advancements. Technology has helped mankind achieve
seemingly impossible feats and we look at conquering new milestones each day.
Technology has also been used for the betterment of lives - more so in the
The digital environment in India has empowered the youth to stand up to the
world in a more consolidated manner. It leads to faster communication; quicker
learning and also links two geographically distant places on a common platform.
It acts as a collection of likeminded ideas and then 'works out on possible
solutions and results. At the touch of a button, W0- can share ideas, consult,
collaborate and articulate the thoughts and action. Technology is more than what
meets the eye. A student can have a highway of study materials and apply for
institutions that have specialized study centres. Technology has enabled equal
opportunities; at least in matters of accessibility and it is again to the
credit of youth that they have been in the forefront of learning and adaptation
of new technological options.
The government, through its specialized Ministry for Youth Affairs and Sports
has constantly looked and re-looked at development and advancement aspects for
the substantial and beneficial growth of the Indian youth. It, alongside regular
reviews, has also been coming out with new initiatives/programmes and workshops
on issues concerning the youth for regular training and lifestyle/leadership
The objectives and priority areas under National Youth Policy 2014 are-
(i) Creating a productive workforce that can make a sustainable contribution
to India's economic development.
The priority areas for this are
• Employment and skill development
(ii) Develop a strong, healthy generation equipped to take on future
generations. To be operated through
• Health - hea1thy lifestyle
(iii) Instil social values and promote community service to build rational
ownership - operative tools are
• Promotion of social values
• Community engagements
(iv) Facilitate participation and civic engagements at all centres of
governance to be operated through
• participation in politics and governance youth engagement
(v) Support youth at risk and create equitable opportunities for all
disadvantaged and marginalized youth. The priority areas being Inclusion and
As per 2011 census, approximately 41 per cent of the Indian population is
below the age of 20 years. This age bar is the most crucial in the aspect of
personality development - for it rests heavily on right guidance, orientation
and directions. The young today have sadly been subjected to the ill-effects of
fast growing urban sutures and are drawn to crimes even to maintain a living. A
major reason for this negative outlook is the disparity between availability and
accessibility. While, there may be programmes and initiatives undertaken by the
government - the method or means to avail of them has not been easy. Dominant
hurdles in accessing these facilities are the 'financial constraints or the
'social structure'. Also, prominent reason for the unawareness of youth crisis,
and mechanism to counter it - has been in the failure of the concern being
accommodated at a wider academic panel.
As per the Ministry Annual Report-20 16-17, for the successful working of the
National Youth Policy, 2014, alongside the priority areas of its' operation,
there also is a list of suggested interventions. Significantly enriching them
• Building system capacity and quality in education.
• Targeting youth outreach and awareness -building link across systems and
stakeholders in employment and skill development.
• Meeting customized programmes in entrepreneurship.
• Improving service delivery in the health sector.
The RYSK now aims to provide a more holistic and overall development as it
now operates in an interdisciplinary approach rather than a compartmentalized
Some of the important initiatives of the government are mentioned below-
1. Skill up gradation Training program (SUTP): It aims to develop vocational
training skill with the help of trained masters to help generate extra income
and boost self confidence.
This programme also aims to recognize the local need and thus imparts
2. Mahatma Gandhi Yuva Swachta Abhiyaan and Shramdaan Karyakram to alert and
engage the youth in contributing to the cleanliness drive and water
3. Life Skill Training for adolescents (Empowerment for Adolescents): This is
an important and major initiative for it highlights the psychological derailment
of the youth, and training youth in a manner that enables them to cope with the
pressure and make healthy life choices. This scheme also aims to sensitize and
make aware the adolescent about reproductive sexual health, the issues and
concerns. It aims to draw a consensus by pooling their potential for problem
By the virtue of enactment Act 2012- The Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of
Youth Development was established. It aims to establish itself as "a globally
recognized and acclaimed centre of academic excellence in the field of Youth
It offers various academic programmes mainly post graduate degrees in M.Sc.
In Counseling psychology, M.A. in Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship, M.A
Gender studies and M.A. in development policy and practice etc. it also makes
available the facility of pursuing doctoral degree, pertaining to the subject
concerning the youth in an interdisciplinary manner.
With the idea to provide an economically feasible, socially trusted and
easily available accommodation- the government has stationed various Youth
Hostels centered across cities located at historically and culturally rich
places, among city centres and tourist destinations- equipped with full power
and water supply, it aims to provide a living experience of the nationwide
diverse culture and interaction by providing an accessible accommodation.
The government through its various means has tried its best to bring out the
potential and capability' of each individual youth, that not only helps in
personality development but foster an emerging national global dominant voice.
The transforming youth shall be the torch bearers of a much sensitized,
conscious and harmonious world.
Courtesy : Yojana