(GIST OF YOJANA) Involving Youth in Community Welfare
Involving Youth in Community Welfare
Youth has been defined in the National Youth Policy, 2014,as a person in the age
group of 15 to 29 years But youth cannot 'be termed as a homogenous group; it is
bound to be heterogeneous owning to the reasons emanating from society, cultural
background, socioeconomic status, educational status, geographical areas that
they come from and above all, their own perceptions and aspirations.
The word “Youth” has three clear connotations: First, it refers to a particular
age group. Second, it indicates a group of individuals who are at a transitory
stage from the point of view of education and employment. And last , but not the
least, it also means a group that has special social, cultural and
psycho-somatic factors affecting their life.
Priority Areas for the Group
It is this special aspect of the youth, that has been recognized by Government
of India in the National Youth Policy, 20142. It identihes the objectives and
the Priority Areas.
Each of the priority areas is important and needs to be worked upon for the
holistic and constructive development of Youth. And much has been written and
continues to be written on education, employment, health, sports, etc. Here,
only two of the priority areas will be discussed:
Promotion of social values
Table 1 makes it clear that under the objective “ Instil social values and
promote community service to build national ownership”, these two priority areas
have been listed.
Promotion of Social Values
Youth constitute the productive work force and with experience, would become the
leaders in their respective walks of life. India as a nation is diverse in
culture, ethnicity, language, society and religion. It is diverse geographically
too, latently determining different ways in which the societies respond to the
geographical challenges and shape their life style. But despite these
diversities, there are common threads running through different societies and
ethnicities of the country.
Probably the best examples of this are the epic texts Mahabharat and Ramayan,
which have been translated in all the Indian languages and the main story line
remains the same; only sub stories (called Upakhyan in Mahabharat) may have
different shades revolving around the same subject matter. Moving to the
contemporary times, use of IT and general feelings of youth and their perception
about various issues facing them; follow a similar streak throughout the
The youth today talks about development, Communication, engagements,
opportunities to demonstrate his potential in similar tone. Irrespective of his
nativity or ethnicity. This similarity obtains mainly because India as a nation
has one distinct culture and centers around certain traditions and customs that
have been preserved through the ages, which constitute the social values. These
social values are the binding material for the Indian society in general and the
Indian youth in particular.
The second priority area is community engagement for the youth. This emanates
from the social values as also from the socio-economic fabric of this society.
Community engagement indeed traverses through a diverse arena of activities as
the activities undertaken by N SS and NYKS demonstrate. Youth, most obviously,
represent the largest segment of population that can be mobilized for community
Department of Youth Affairs has two main organizations under it, namely. Nehru
Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) and National Service Scheme (N SS) which help
organize community engagement of the youth, on voluntary basis. And this is
essentially based on enhancing the sense of volunteerism among the youth. It is
community engagement of youth on voluntary basis. That voluntarism is the
preferable mode of engagement over conscription for such services has been
demonstrated by the vast areas of activities; it has been emphasized by the
unconventional areas of activities that the NSS/NYKS volunteers have taken up.
And it is in this mechanism of response of the youth to the situation that
social values come to fore, in their social bonding through such engagements.
Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS)
NYKS, launched in 1972, is one of the largest youth organizations in the world.
NYKS currently has 8.7 million youth enrolled through over 1.29 lakh youth
clubs. NYKS has presence in 623
districts through Nehru Yuva Kendras. The objective is to develop the
personality and leadership qualities of the youth and to engage them in
nation-building activities. The activities of NYKS are carried out through a
District Youth Coordinator in each District and 2 National Youth volunteers in
each Block. In addition, NYKS has 29 Zonal Offices at State Level besides its
National Headquarters at New Delhi. Out of a number of activities, a few ones
are briefly indicated below:
Training on Youth Leadership and Community Development:
The Programme aims at enhancing the capacity of young people to take up
leadership roles to help others to live a meaningful life and contribute
towards nation-building. This is a 5-day programme. In 2017-18, over 450
such programmes were organized, involving over 19000 youth.
Youth Convention and Yuva Kriti: The Programme is
organized annually by all District NYKs, to provide opportunity and platform to
rural youth readers to display products and express themselves, share
experiences and suggest best practices for youth empowerment. During 2017-18,
over 300 programmes were organized, involving over 2,06,000 youth.
Yuva Aadarsh Gram Vikas Karyakram; The Programme aims at
developing one village in selected Districts as a model village by the youth for
the youth. The activities would include making the villages Open defecation
free, 100 per cent immunization, 100 per cent enrolment of children in primary
school, cleanliness, preventive healthcare, popularization of flagship
programmes of the government, etc. This was a yearlong programme during 201718 (upto
31.12.2017), and has been conducted in 78 selected districts.
Tribal Youth Exchange Programme (TYEP): The Programme is
organized every year with funding from the Ministry of Home Affairs. In this
Programme, tribal youth drawn from areas, affected by Left-wing extremist
activities are taken to other parts of the country to sensitize them to the rich
cultural heritage of the country, to expose them to development activities and
to enable them to develop emotional linkage with the people in other parts of
the country. During 2017-18, 10 such programmes for over 2000 tribal youth, were
Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat (Inter State Youth Exchange
Programme): “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat” was announced by the Prime Minister
on 318‘ October, 2015 on the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of Sardar
Vallabhbhai Patel. The main objective of the programme is to celebrate the Unity
in Diversity of our Nation and to maintain and strengthen the fabric of
traditionally existing emotional bonds between the people of our country. It
aims to promote the spirit of National Integration through a deep and structured
engagement between all Indian States and Union Territories through a yearlong
planned engagement between States, to showcase the rich heritage and culture.
customs and traditions of either state for enabling people to understand and
appreciate the diversity of India. This programme is under the administrative
coordination by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Other Activities: NYKS also takes up various activities
in collaboration with other Ministries such as plantations, blood donation camps
and enrolment of voluntary blood donors,
immuization of children (Operation Indradhanush), immunization of mother,
observance of lntemational Yoga Day, etc. Most recent is the involvement of the
youth in the Swachha Bharat Summer Internship which is under the aegis of
Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. in which youth would be putting in
100 hours of voluntary work in swachhata related issues and health and hygiene
advocacy. Similarly, under the aegis of Ministry of Water Resources, NYKS youth
are engaged in Namami Ganga Programme under the Mission for Clean Ganga.
National Service Scheme (N88):
N88 was launched in 1969 with the primary objective of
developing the personality and character of the student youth through voluntary
community service. ‘Education through Service’ is the purpose of the NSS. The
ideological orientation of the NSS is inspired by the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi.
Very appropriately, the motto of NSS is “Not Me, But You”. NSS was launched in
1969 in 37 Universities involving about 40,000 volunteers. Currently, NSS has
3.66 million volunteers enrolled in 39,695 NSS units spread over 391
Universities/+2 Councils and 16,278 Senior Secondary Schools.
Basic Design/Programme Structure: The design of the NSS
envisages that each educational institution covered under the scheme has at
least one NSS unit comprising of 100 student volunteers (normally), led by a
teacher designated as Programme Officer (PO). Each NSS unit adopts a village or
slum for taking up its activities. Each NSS volunteer is required to put in
minimum 120 hours of service per year for two years, i.e. total 240 hours. In
addition, each volunteer is required to participate in a Special Camp of 7 days’
duration, organized by the NSS unit, in the adopted village or urban slum.
Activities under NSS: The core activity of NSS is to
render community service. The precise nature of activities continues to evolve
in response to the needs of the community. Some areas in which NSS volunteers
work are education, health, family welfare and sanitation, environment
conservation, social service programmes, programmes for improving the status of
women, production-oriented programmes, relief and rehabilitation during
disasters/ calamities, etc. Besides, NSS volunteers also participate in other
important activities like Republic Day Parade Camps, Adventure camps, National
Integration Camps and North East NSS Festivals, ‘Suvichar’ and ‘Youth
Convention’ events during the National Youth Festival.
Girivikas Project: Realizing the role that
education/literacy can play in enabling the tribal population to mingle with the
national mainstreams, the Girivikas Project was taken up on an experimental
basis by Nehru Yuva Kendra, Palakkad, Kerala with the support of the District
Adminstration. 1.5 acres of Girivikas Campus consisting of academic and
administrative block, girl and boys hostel is situated at Malampuzha village,
Palakkad. Kerala State ST Development Department supported the project.
Prevention of Drug Abuse and Alcoholism: NYKS implemented
a yearlong pilot project, entitled “Awareness and Education for the Prevention
of Drug Abuse & Alcoholism”. With the financial support of Ministry of Social
Justice and Empowerment. The project was implemented in 3000 villages under 75
Blocks of 10 districts in
Punjab and 750 villages under 25 Blocks in 7 districts in Manipur.
The project focused on adolescents and youth, high risk and
vulnerable groups as well as their family and community members on the one hand
mobilized support and partnership of variety stakeholder’s viz. village based
NYKS Youth clubs, women groups, gram panchayats, local political and religious
leaders, village influencers and services providers on the other hand, for
addressing drugs and alcohol dependency, collectively.
Namami Gange and Youth: Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan has
signed an MOU with National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) for creating
awareness on abatement of pollution, rejuvenation of National River Ganga on 8th
June 2015 and accordingly is implementing the project entitled “Involvement of
Youth in Namami Gange Programme”.
The objective of the project is to develop a cadre of trained
and highly motivated. Local youth, sensitize and mobilize support of people from
all walks of life, generate awareness and educate target audiences about the
consequences and impact of polluted Ganga and provide information on existing
government schemes and services pertaining to clean Ganga. At present the
project covers 1203 Gram Panchayats and 2336 Villages along river Ganga of 29
districts of 4 States viz. Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
Under the project 2426 Youth clubs have been formed in the villages on the banks
of River Ganga, with over 13000 Ganga Doots to work as part of the project.
Water Quality Issues: NSS Volunteers of Karim City
college, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand took the initiative for collecting and testing of
sources of water used for drinking and other purposes by the people of an
adopted village. The testing was done in the Chemistry laboratory of the
college. The report was submitted to the District authority. The distn'ct
authority took the intiative to retest the water and necessary measures were
taken to minimise the pollution and provide safe water to the villagers.
The N88 unit of Alagappa Chettiar Govt. College of Engg. &
Technology, Karaikud Tamilnadu surveyed the water channels and encroachments and
analysed chances for linking channels for all the tanks at Palavangudi village,
It did contour mapping at Palavangudi village with the help from the Civil Engg.
Dept. With the help of local people, deepening works, removal of encroachments,
debris etc. too was undertaken. Finally, it worked and tanks filled with rain
water. All water channels are now levelled for water flow. This offered
permanent solutions for rainwater harvesting water needs of the village.
Sidhi Upliftment Project: Sidhi Muslim community lives in
an urban slum Sidhi Basti in Ahmedabad. NSS Unit of Saraspur Arts and Commerce
Colleges adopted this urban slum which was a garbage dumping zone for more than
a decade and life was difficult for them. NSS volunteers of Saraspur college
cleaned the dirt and garbage of the area, started a cleanliness drive and
movement to keep this area neat and clean. Sidhi urban slum area was made
garbage free zone by the constant and continuous 4 years’ efforts of N88
volunteers. More than 300 Sidhi people and more than 2000 students of nearby
college benefited. NSS Volunteers of Saraspur
Arts and Commerce College, Ahmedabad cleaned and colored their houses, renovated
their toilets and made them functional. Besides, N.S.S. Unit also helped in
promoting their ‘ folk dance “SidiDhamal”, organizing Computer Education class
for more than two hundred Sidhis including girls and helped organizing “Learn
with Fun” at the door step in Sidhi basti to enable Sidhi girls, women and
children pick up fun learning games and cultural activities at their homes.
LED Bulbs Camps: 308 summer camps of 2 day duration by
the NSS units of the Directorate of Vocational Higher Secondary Education were
conducted in the 14 districts of Kerela in different spells with variety of
projects and programmes such as LED bulb making, collection of damaged and
discarded LED bulbs from the households for repairing, distribution of LED bulbs
to the socio-economically marginalized people, conduct of Awareness Programmes
on Energy Consumption among the villagers, etc. Over 4 hours were devoted
regularly for the training of NSS volunteers on LED Bulb making and its Repair
by the Kerala Energy Management Centre. 15400 NSS Volunteers and 308 Projects
Officers were involved in these Camps.