(GIST OF YOJANA) Long-term Peace & Development

(GIST OF YOJANA) Long-term Peace & Development


Long-term Peace & Development


  • In the past decade, there has been long term peace all over the Northeast region leading to new ideas flourishing and investments flowing in. The emerging challenge is to invent new wavs of ensuring the participation of states in the formulation of national policies and motivating them for effective implementation in key development areas.


  • Today the North East is insurgency free. Occasional incidents are too insignificant in front of the greater picture. Sooner or later the last remaining accord- the Naga Accord will be signed. 
  • Only on February 18, 2021 the Nagaland Legislative Assembly adopted a four-point resolution on decades old Naga political struggle with the 60-member House resolving to work unitedly in facilitating ongoing negotiations for a final solution between the Centre and Naga political groups.
  • The union government has been holding two separate parleys with the Naga negotiators NSCN(IM) since 1997 and Naga National Political Groups (NNPGs) comprising of seven groups since 2017.
  • To harness the full potential of these sectors, significant investments will be required in upgrading the region's infrastructure, education and skill development. All this has to be done, keeping in mind the need for preserving the rich biodiversity of the region. In the end. Development comes down to implementation.
  • The newly introduced initiatives of the ministry for development of the north-eastern region could energise the process. Much depends on the proactive role of the states.


  • Several tourism attractions such as Blue Mountain (Phawngpui - Mizoram), Palak Lake (Mizoram), Kangla Fort (Manipur), Majuli (river island in Assam).
  • Presence of an ethnic, tribal culture each with unique customs and traditions.
  • Numerous tea estates
  • The north-eastern region has a very well-performing gender development index
  • Rich bamboo reserves.
  • Handloom and weaving is a skill acquired by the local community.
  • The abundance of natural resources like limestone as well as water for hydropower potential.
  • Ideal climate conditions
  • Safe and clean, pollution-free environment.


  • Lack of proper connectivity. A large part of the region comprises a hilly terrain which makes the states dependent on the road network which is not particularly good. Also, a lesser number of airports reduce connectivity.
  • Limited tourism infrastructure facilities. Fewer accommodation facilities which are insufficient to cope up with the demand and are of poor quality.
  • Scarcity of skilled and unskilled labour.
  • Floods and landslides in monsoons make places inaccessible
  • Laws in the state 1ike land acquisition and transfer need to align with a vision for Public-Private Partnership (PPP) and make the environment conducive for investments
  • Projects delayed in implementation causing development lags
  • Landlocked states.


  • Development of the handicraft industry
  • Flood management system to improve accessibility to certain parts of the states during monsoons, which can be developed as tourist spots
  • Linkages to existing tourism circuits and further circuit development
  • Fostering coordination with other states on developing tourism
  • Trade can drastically be improved by improving
    infrastructural facilities and accessibility.


  • Overuse and commercialisation of eco-sensitive zones could lead to depletion of resources and weakening of attraction.
  • Regional connectivity concerns
  • Land banks and land availability if not addressed will limit private sector investments
  • Migration of local people to urban areas for employment prospects.



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Courtesy: Yojana