(GIST OF YOJANA) Making Quality Medicines Available to the
Making Quality Medicines Available to the Common Man
It is an irony that even after 70 years of Independence, only around 40 per
cent of the populations are able to afford branded medicines. The branded
medicines market is approximately 1 lakh 20 thousand crores, whereas, 6 out of
10 people of the population don't have access to the branded medicines. However,
the bright side of the picture is, India is one of the leading countries to
export world class generic medicines to around 200 countries. Out of every 6
medicines consumed in the world, one is from India. Look at the dichotomy -on
the one hand 6 out of 10 persons do not have access to medicines, whereas India
is within the first four countries of the World, producing quality generic
medicines exporting to other countries. Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi
Pariyojana (PMBJP) is a scheme designed to bridge the above dichotomy. It is
dedicated to provide quality medicines at an affordable price to every citizen
of the country, irrespective of caste, creed and economy. The intention is to
provide health security to our country-men, at the earliest, as soon as
With a view to achieve the objective of making available quality generic
medicines at affordable prices to all, ‘Jan Aushadhi Scheme’ was launched by
Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Government
of India in November 2008 across the country. The Scheme is being implemented
through the Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI), Gurgaon, Haryana which is
working under administrative control of Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry
of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Government of India. But till 2015, only 99 PMBJP
Kendras were functional. In September 2015, the ‘Jan Aushadhi Scheme’ was
revamped as ‘Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana’ (PMJAY). To give impetus to the
scheme and for greater outreach, the scheme was again renamed as ‘Pradhan Mantri
Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ (PMBJP) in December 2016 which was followed by
a media campaign in national and regional newspapers inviting individuals to
participate in the scheme.
Salient Features of the Pariyojana:
Benefits to the Entrepreneurs
- Ensure access to quality medicines for all sections of the population
especially for the poor and the deprived ones.
- Extend coverage of quality generic medicines so as to reduce and thereby
redefine the unit cost of treatment per person. Quality procurement through
WHO-GMP and CPSUs manufactures and each batch is released only after
clearance from NABL labs.
- Create awareness about generic medicines through education and publicity
to counter the perception that quality is synonymous with high price.
- Be a public programme involving Government, PSUs, Private Sector, NGO,
Societies, Co-operation Bodies and other Institutions.
- Generate employment by engaging individuals entrepreneurs in opening of
Jan Aushadhi Kendras.
- Financial support of Rs.2.5 lakhs shall be extended where space is
provided free of cost by State Government to operating agency.
- Financial support of Rs.2.5 lakhs shall be extended to Government
Agencies where space will be provided free of cost in any government
building owned by government bodies like Railways/State Transport
Department/Urban Local Bodies/Panchayati Raj Institutions/Post Offices/Defence/PSUs
- PMBJK opened by any individual’s entrepreneurs shall be extended an
incentive up to Rs. 2.5 lakhs.
- SC/ST and differently abled persons shall be benefitted with free
medicines worth of Rs. 50,000/- in the beginning.
- 700+ medicines and 154 surgical and consumables available in the basket
for sale through PMBJK. Shortly the basket will be enhanced to 1000
- Appointed 8 C&F agents in different States and many more are in the
pipeline for better supply chain management.
- Appointed 54 distributors spread over different states for better
- Many State Government entered MoU for implementing PMBJP in their
Number of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya J anaushadhi Kendras functioning has
reached more than 3500 (spread over 33 States/UTS). Per day average sale of per
Kendra is Rs. 3300/which is equivalent to Rs. 15,000/sales of branded products.
BPPI is opening 4-5 Kendras per day across the country. PMBJP Kendra now present
in 33 States/U Ts of the country. Out of the total 718 districts in the country
584 districts have been covered by opening of PMBJP Kendras.
PMBJP has drastically brought down the prices of quality medicines and made
medicines available within the reach of large section of population especially
the poor. Medicines available under PMBJP are prices 50-90 per cent less than
that of branded prices, leading to saving of around 400 crores to the citizens