(GIST OF YOJANA) NEP-2020: Vision and Pathways

(GIST OF YOJANA) NEP-2020: Vision and Pathways


NEP-2020: Vision and Pathways


  • After thirty-four years since the launch of the National Policy on Education in 1986, a new National Education Policy-2020 has been announced and is currently under implementation.
  • The National Education Policy envisions to have an education system that is second to none with equitable access to the highest quality education for all learners regardless of social or economic background. 
  • The vision of NEP-2020 is in sync with Goal 4 of the UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG4), which seeks `to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’.

Principles of the National Education Policy 2020:

  • To recognising, identifying, and fostering the unique capabilities of each student;
  • According the highest priority to achieving Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) by all students by Grade 3;
  • To flexibility in their own paths in life according to their talents and interests;
  • No hard separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams, etc.;
  • The multi-disciplinarity and a holistic education across the sciences, social sciences, arts, humanities, and sports for a multidisciplinary world;
  • To emphasis on conceptual understanding rather than rote learning and learning-for-exams;
  • To creativity and critical thinking to encourage logical decision-making and innovation;
  • The ethics and human & Constitutional values;
  • The promoting multilingualism and the power of language in teaching and learning;
  • The life skills such as communication, cooperation, teamwork, and resilience;
  • The focus on regular formative assessment for learning;
  • The extensive use of technology in teaching and learning, removing language barriers, increasing access for Divyang students;
  • The respect for diversity and respect for the local context;
  • The full equity and inclusion as the cornerstone of all educational decisions;
  • The synergy in curriculum across all levels of education from early childhood care and education to school education to higher education;
  • The teachers and faculty as the heart of the learning process;
  • A ‘light but tight regulatory framework’ to ensure integrity, transparency, and resource efficiency of the educational system;
  • The outstanding research as a requisite for outstanding education and development;
  • The continuous review of progress based on sustained research;
  • A rootedness and pride in India, and its rich, diverse, ancient, and modern culture and knowledge systems and traditions;
  • The education is a public service; access to quality education must be considered a basic right of every child;
  • The substantial investment on public education system as well as the encouragement and facilitation of true philanthropic private and community participation;


  • Thus, the vision of the National Education Policy-2020 is quite comprehensive and long standing.
    Keeping in mind the comprehensive nature of the vision and principles of the policy, pathways have been chalked out to realise the associated goals and targets.
  • The gaps between the current and desired educational outcomes are to be bridged by major systemic reforms and suitable strategies/programme interventions from early childhood through higher education. 
  • The policy is both global and local in its outlook and intent. It makes a significant headway from earlier policies by putting quality education as the topmost agenda of educational reforms, strengthening the foundations of education, catering to the educational needs of the most disadvantaged, and making India a global leader in education.



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Courtesy: Yojana