(GIST OF YOJANA) Perfecting
Craftsmanship through Skilling
Perfecting Craftsmanship through Skilling
The pride of India lies in the treasures of India’s crafts and
textiles. Indian weaving traditions and handicrafts have existed since time
immemorial and have been a representation of the many unique sub- cultures
within the country. India is the world’s second-largest producer of textiles
and garments and ranks in top three in export of handicrafts.
Abundant availability of raw materials such as cotton, wool, silk,
and jute as well as a skilled workforce have made the country a leading
sourcing hub for the global textile market. Preservation of Indian weavers
and craftsmen is the need of the hour, because the world is taking notice of
our immensely unique heritage, and the time is ripe for artisans and
craftsmen to reap the rewards.
To spearhead and address the immediate need of the textile
industry, successful efforts were made in developing 72 Qualification Packs
(QPs) out of which 71 have been cleared by National Skill Qualification
Committee (NSQC). These 71 QPs constitute the requirements of about 80 per
cent of the workforce engaged in textile industries, majority the textile
mill sector TSSC is now developing standards for other workforce in critical
segments such as wool, silk, jute, technical textiles and quality control.
When it comes to handicrafts and handlooms there is hardly any
part of India which is not known far its specially crafted and women items.
This is a vast and versatile industry. Be it the silk from Assam or the
cotton from Bengal, the Pashmina from Kashmir or the Kanjeevaram from South
India, they all have their own story to tell and have their place in the
market. No matter how much technology advances, the skill in the hands of
people has its own charm. There is a lot of tradition that has been passed
on through generations which is no less than the magic of skilled hands.
Indian textile industry has strengths across the entire value
chain from natural to man- made fiber to apparel
to home furnishings. The sector contributes about 27 per cent of
the country’s foreign earnings due to export, 2 per cent to the gross
domestic product (GDP), and 1 3 per cent to the nation’s export.
Simultaneously, handicraft exports from India increased by 1.65
per cent year-on- year between April-November, 2018 to US$ 2.42 billion.
Thus, the modernization, growth and all-round development and skilling of
these industries has a direct bearing on the improvement in Indian economy.
The elevating employment opportunities in the textile and
handicraft sectors and its allied industries, will make these sectors more
prosperous. Further, these sectors are an important source to express art
and skill in crafts and promote our culture by making crafts and textile
items available locally.
Apart from the United States and Europe, which account for about
two-thirds of India’s textile exports, China, the UAE, Vietnam, Sri Lanka,
Saudi Arabia, the Republic of Korea, Bangladesh, Turkey, Pakistan, and
Brazil are some of the major markets for these exports.