(GIST OF YOJANA) Port-led Development
- The prime objective of the Sagarmala Project is to promote port-led direct and indirect development and to provide infrastructure to transport goods to and from ports quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively.
- Therefore, the Sagarmala Project aims to develop access to new development regions with intermodal solutions and promotion of the optimum modal split, enhanced connectivity with main economic centres and beyond through expansion of rail, inland water, coastal and road services.
The Sagarmala initiative addresses challenges by focusing on three pillars of development, namely.
- Supporting and enabling Port-led Development through appropriate policy and institutional interventions and providing for an institutional framework for ensuring inter-agency and ministries/departments/states’ collaboration for integrated development,
- Port Infrastructure Enhancement, including modernisation and setting up of new ports, and
- Efficient Evacuation to and from hinterland.
- The Sagarmala Project intends to achieve the broad objectives of enhancing the capacity of major and non-major ports and modernizing them to make them efficient, thereby enabling them to become drivers of port-led economic development, optimising the use of existing and future transport assets and developing new lines/linkages for transport (including roads, rail, inland waterways and coastal routes), setting up of logistics hubs, and establishment of industries and manufacturing centres to be served by ports in EXIM and domestic trade. In addition to strengthening port and evacuation infrastructure, it also aims at simplifying procedures used at ports for cargo movement and promotes usage of electronic channels for information exchange leading to quick, efficient, hassle-free, and seamless cargo movement.
- Under Sagarmala Programme, an integrated approach is being adopted for improvement in quality of
life with a focus on skill building and training, upgrading of technology in traditional professions, focused, and time-bound action plan for improving physical and social infrastructure in collaboration with the coastal states. The main features of the Coastal Community Development plan include Skill development, Coastal tourism, Development of fishing harbours, and R&D in the Port and Maritime Sector.
- Sagarmala Programme in coordination with related Central Ministries and State Governments aims to fund capacity building, infrastructure, and social development projects related to value addition in fisheries, aquaculture and cold chain development. As part of the coastal community development component of the Sagarmala Programme, Ministry is part-funding fishing harbour projects in convergence with Department of Animal Husbandly and Dairying (DADF). In addition, in-principle approval has been given for development of deep sea fishing vessels and fish processing centers in convergence with DADF.
- For promoting tourism in maritime states under Sagarmala, projects have been identified in convergence with the Ministry of Tourism and tourism development departments of maritime state governments.
Key coastal tourism projects include:
- Development of Coastal Circuits under Swadesh Darshan Scheme of Ministry of Tourism
- Development of infrastructure for promoting Cruise tourism
- Development of lighthouses
- National Maritime Heritage Museum Complex at Lothal
- Underwater viewing gallery and restaurant at Beyt Dwarka.
- Sagarmala has conducted skill gap studies for 21 coastal districts in India. Skill Development programmes in these 21 districts is being undertaken in convergence with DDU GKY programme of the Ministry of Rural Development.