(GIST OF YOJANA) Steps to Achieve India's Solar Potential [JUNE-2019]
(GIST OF YOJANA) Steps to Achieve India's Solar Potential
Steps to Achieve India's Solar Potential
- The needs of India’s burgeoning population are rising. However, the status quo of resources might not be adequate to fulfill the growing demands of a fast-paced economy. Take for example the power sector.
- India must also honor its global commitments on curbing greenhouse gas emissions, as per the Paris Agreement, implying we need to move away from a fossil fuel driven growth path. Clearly, we need to look at alternate solutions so we can address our energy security in a sustainable fashion, with a progressive reduction in carbon levels. Evidence from several developed countries points towards renewable energy adoption as the only way forward.
- Here are five areas that need more attention and focus, to take the Indian solar power industry to the next level.
- While solar is becoming important contributor to energy needs in India,
there is still a huge gap to be filled. Rooftop solar solutions, for
example, can add large capacities but certainly
need a push from respective state governments.
- Newer advancements in the field like floating solar (solar panels mounted on structures that float on water bodies), and BIPV (wherein the conventional materials used for facades and roofs of buildings are replaced by photovoltaic's systems) can play a vital role in increasing capacity.
- Considering the huge potential in the sector, both the government and private entities jurist emphasise and support R and D and adoption of latest technology and innovations in this area. This will not only help shape the future course but also yield benefits in the form of reduced costs in turn facilitating adoption.
- Thanks to technology evolution and government policy, solar power tariffs have decreased over the past few years making solar energy more accessible to the common man . However, tariff margins discovered in reverse auctions have been pushed lower in recent years leading to a squeeze in profit margins.
- Considering that tariffs are now significantly lower than other sources of energy, we need to move towards healthier tariffs to help private players work with sustainable business models, and attract a higher capital inflow. This will eventually lead to augmented supply and further lowering of prices for the common people. Respective state governments should also accentuate the rate of solar power generation with regular capacity addition.
- Despite the government’s initiatives to reinvigorate power distributing
companies, the health of state discerns has not improved much over the
years. These distribution companies form
a crucial link in the cycle of energy generation and have an impact on the overall process.
- Hence, maintaining discoms in good shape forms an extremely important link on the road to 2022. The healthier the distribution companies, the more power they can purchase and supply. Steps should be taken to strengthen the discoms such that they are able to support higher tariffs, honour RROs and settle power providers' dues on time.
- The government should also bring in policies to operationalise ancillary and capacity markets to extract the total value of renewable energy technologies.
- Reforms in banking systems will go a long way in assisting the renew able energy sector As of now, sectoral categorisation of banks sees renewables as part of the power sector, due to which, for most banks, the loan limit is majorly consumed by thermal plants and only a small fraction of the fund remains available for the renewables sector. Reality is that the renewables sector has clocked exponential growth and contributed handsome revenues to the exchequer.
- Considering the above, renewables should be categorized as a separate sector. This will help widen access to funds and simplify the process of loan procurement for companies. The government can also consider according priority sector status to renewables, given its strategic importance. Deeper and diverse bond markets will help in securing affordable finance for clean energy projects in the future.
- The government should continue its mission of cleansing the banking
system and help them regularise bad loans while also reviewing lending norms
so they are less stringent. A healthy banking system will be able to provide
more funds at a competitive cost to propel the renewable sector.
Enabling the ease of doing business
- The government’s pursuit of reforms has created a more conducive
environment for investments in India reflected in our steady rise in Ease of
Doing Business rankings over the
past couple of years. However, faster processing of approvals for project implementation across the value chain, especially conversion approvals of land in different states would be of
great help to the renewables sector. It has been seen that lack of proper power evacuation infrastructure has resulted in investor disinterest in the past. Considering this, the government should work on building more robust transmission systems. This will not only increase investor faith in the overall process but will also ensure no MW loss leakage during power distribution.
- Achieving the ambitious target of 100 GW solar power capacity by 2022 needs a collaborative effort from all the stakeholders, including the central and state governments’ financers, discerns and private players.
- The government has a key role to play not only by providing the required policy support but also acting as a central coordinator guiding and synchronising efforts from various stakeholders, to catalyze the solar industry's growth.