Considering the lack of Record of Rights (RoR) and absence of survey of inhabited (abadi) areas in villages, there was a requirement to provide RoR in the form of Property Cards to village household owners utilising the latest drone survey technology across 6.62 lakh villages of India, leading to conceptualisation of SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages Abadi and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) Scheme.
The Scheme aims to provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners possessing houses in inhabited rural areas and issuance of property cards to the property owners. This would facilitate monetisation of rural residential assets for credit and other financial services.
Broad objectives of the SVAMITVA Scheme include:
Leveraging property as a financial asset by the citizens of rural India.
Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.
Provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India.
Serve as a means of reduction in property-related disputes.
Facilitate with the determination of property tax.
Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS (Geographic Information System) maps that can be used by any department or agency Traditional chain-based, cross-staff, and theodolite based surveying techniques generally require line-of-sight between the instrument and the ground and a clear vision of the whole area to be surveyed.
Also, the surveyor has to move with measuring instruments from one place to another for demarcating property parcels. This methodology of land survey is laborious, time-consuming, expensive, and prone to human as well as instrumental errors.
SVAMITVA Scheme uses the combination of Survey Grade Drones and CORS network (Continuously Operated Reference Stations) to accurately survey large areas in a very short span of time. The 1:500 scale maps generated through the drone survey are of very high accuracy i.e., 3-5 cms, which the conventional methodology docs not provide. Moreover, editable and geo-tagged maps are produced at a fraction of the cost without the need for line-of-sight.
The high resolution and accurate image-based maps facilitate the creation of the most durable record of property holdings in areas with no legacy revenue records. Such accurate image-based maps provide a clear demarcation of land holdings in a very short time compared to on-ground physical measurement and mapping of the land parcels.
Further, these maps are free from measurement errors to a large extent, which is not the case with traditional methodology.
Many property owners have also started availing of loans through property cards for constructing houses or setting up small businesses. There have also been instances of settlement of long pending property disputes among residents of villages during the implementation of the Scheme.
Property owners in rural inhabited areas can download the Aadhaar authenticated property card on their mobile phones through the DigiLocker application.
Thus, SVAMITVA Scheme aims for holistic development of Gram Panchayat through the empowerment of villages and their residents which will eventually make rural India Atmanirbhar.