(GIST OF YOJANA) Unleashing Youth
Power for Development
Unleashing Youth Power for Development
- Reforms in education, skill development and entrepreneurship
through various Central/State Government schemes have given access to
education and employment to large number of youth from disadvantaged
- Access to internet, media and information makes them dignified and
self-reliant. New wave of entrepreneurship is the harbinger for meeting the
aspirations of the youth and if inculcated right from the school can make
more job providers than job seekers. Private sector through Corporate Social
Responsibility provisions has started multiple projects for educating and
skilling youth particularly from the downtrodden communities.
- Digital inclusion is a fountainhead for social and livelihood
inclusion. Infusion of emerging IT and IT enabled services in different
programs of youth has mainstreamed many youth, who, in the past, were devoid
of appropriate and timely information and hence opportunities. Emerging
technologies like artificial intelligence (Al), Internet of Things (IoT), 3D
printing, automation, robotics, etc. are changing the skilling landscape.
- These specific skills are in high demand, missions like—Skill
India, Digital India and Startup India are making a strong pitch to Indian
youth and they are making best use of these programs. Indian youth have
demonstrated out of box thinking, innovations and disruptive technologies;
Indian startups are the new world order that is the fountainhead for
innovation and disruptive technologies.
- As per the 2011 Census, in India, 2.21 per cent of India's
population has some form of disability; this accounts for 2.7 crore people.
Youth with disabilities face social, economic and civic challenges. They
have had to battle against biased assumptions, harmful stereotypes and
irrational fears. Direction of SDGs
- The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) give a direction for
inclusion agenda for persons with disabilities. SDG 4 resolves in
guaranteeing equal and accessible education by building inclusive learning
environments and providing the needed assistance for persons with
- SDG 8 highlights the promoting of inclusive economic growth, full
and productive employment allowing persons with disabilities to fully access
the job market.
- The 2030 agenda for sustainable development specially mentions
‘Persons with disabilities’ 11 times. India is geared towards realizing the
SDGs within the time frame.
- The current framework is geared towards making them fully
participate with their peers without disabilities. Programs relating to
inclusive education, universal design and emerging technologies, digital
economy and digital interfaces have started showing results.
- Many PwDs are now sewing as mentors and role models in their
communities. Use of assistive technologies, internet social media and other
technological innovations are creating opportunities for youth with
disabilities to become part of the mainstream education, skill development
and entrepreneurship opportunities.
- Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 of the Post-2015 Development
Agenda calls to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and
promote sustainable agriculture '. Target 2a devotes specific attention to
"Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation,
in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services,
technology development and
plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive
capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries”.
- As per 2001 census, there are 84 million scheduled tribes in India
constituting 8.2 per cent of the country’s population.
- Indian Youth is the key agent for socioeconomic development and
technological innovation. Their collective energies and vision is the engine
of growth of our nation. It is the collective responsibility of private
sector, public sector and civil society to provide adequate opportunities
and programmes for all sections of youth to give them equal access to
education, skill development and entrepreneurship opportunities,
particularly for marginalized youth, PwD, rural youth and tribal
- Technology has a potential to change the world and improve
people's lives. It can be exploited for youth development with the
incredible spirit of a youth-led enterprise and initiatives. The private
sector, public sector and civil society have to work in tandem in empowering
youth. Inclusive growth and sustainable development arc the keywords that
will harness our demographic dividend.
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