(GIST OF YOJANA) Water Resources and
Ganga Rejuvenation-Recent Milestones
Water Resources and Ganga Rejuvenation-Recent Milestones
Mains Paper 3: Environment
Prelims level: National Mission for Clean Ganga
Mains level: Cleanliness and Conservation
- Under Namami Gange programme, a total of 254 projects worth
Rs.24,672 crore have been sanctioned for various activities such as sewage
infrastructure, ghats and crematoria development, river front development,
river surface cleaning, institutional development, biodiversity
conservation, afforestation, rural sanitation, and public participation.
- For River from Development, works at 145 ghats and 53 crematoria
are in progress and expected to be completed by March 2019.
- On rural sanitation front, all 4465 villages on the bank of river
Ganga have been made Open Defecation Free (ODF) and 10,83,688 Individual
Household Toilets have been constructed by Ministry of Drinking Water and
Sanitation (MoDWS). NMCG has released Rs. 829.0 crore to MoDS for this.
- Total 6 no. of projects on biodiversity conservation and
restoration of aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga including Dolphin,
Gharial, Otter, water birds and fish & fisheries have been taken up, out of
which 2 projects have been completed.
- Rs. 190.3 crores has been sanctioned to the State Forest
Departments of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West-Bengal
for the year 2018-19, as a part of the afforestation program in the Ganga
- During the financial year 2018-19 (till 30.1 1.2018), National
Mission for Clean Ganga has released Rs. 1532.59 crore to the states,
Central Public Sector Undertakings for the implementation of the programme,
including expenditure incurred for establishment.
- Shahpur Kandi Dam Project: An agreement was reached between Punjab
and J&K states under the aegis of MoWR, RD&GR at New Delhi on 8th September,
2018 to resume works of Shahpur Kandi Dam project in Punjab on river Ravi.
- This project had been declared as a National Project. The Union
Cabinet on 6th December, 2018 has approved the proposal of this Ministry for
extending a Central Assistance of Rs. 485.38 crore (for irrigation
component) for implementation of this project. The project would be
completed by June 2022.
- This project will help in creation of additional irrigation
potential of 5000 ha in Punjab State and 32173 ha in J and K State and also
efficient management of 1.18 Lac hectare area under UBDC system in Punjab.
Consequently, this project would help minimising some of the water of the
River Ravi which at present is going waste through the Madhopur Headworks
- A Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 28ih August 2018
between Shri Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister for Water Resources, River
Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Shipping and Road Transport and Highways
and Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi
and Himachal Pradesh for the construction of Rs. 3966.51 crore Lakhwar
Multi-Purpose project in the Upper Yamuna Basin.
- The Lakhwar project envisages construction of a 204 m high
concrete dam across river Yamuna near Lohari village in Dehradun district of
Uttarakhand with a live storage capacity of 330.66 MCM.
- This storage will provide irrigation for 33,780 hectares land and
availability of 78.83 MCM water for domestic, drinking und industrial use in
the six basin states. The project will also generate 300 MW of power.
- The project is to be executed by M/s Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam
Limited (UJVL). Completion of balance works of North Koel Reservoir Project,
Bihar and Jharkhand:
- The Ministry of Water Resources, RD & GR has taken up the work on
completion of balance works of North Koel Reservoir Project, Bihar and
Jharkhand which was halted in 1993.
- The Union Cabinet in August 2017 has approved the proposal at an
estimated cost of Rs 1622.27crore during three financial years from the
start of the project.
- The project aims to provide additional irrigation to 39,801
hectares of land annually in the drought prone areas of Aurangabad & Gaya
districts of Bihar, Paloma and Garl Va districts of Jharkhand.
Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Programme (DRIP):
- In the year 2018-19 Dam Break Analysis were conducted on 38 Dams
for preparation of Inundation maps. DHARMA, a web based dam inventory
management software has been completed.
Interlinking of Rivers (ILRs):
- DPRs of four intra-stale link projects viz., Burhi
Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga link and Kosi-Mechi link of Bihar Slate, Ponnaiyar
Palar link of Tamil Nadu and Wainganga.
- (Gosikhurd)-Nalganga(Purna/Tapi) link project of Maharashtra have
been completed and sent to respective States.
- Preparation of DPRs of Damanganga (Ekdarc)-Godavari and Daman
ganga( Vagh/Val)- Bailarina Godavari (Kadva Dev) link projects of
Maharashtra are under progress.
Proposal for Diversion of Godavari waters upto Cauvery basin:
As per the Planning of the Peninsular Component of the National Perspective Plan
(NPP) about 20,796 MCM of water from Mahanadi and Godavari rivers is to be
transferred through the nine link system namely
- Mahanadi - Godavari link
- Inchampalli - Nagarjuna Sagar link
- Inchampalli - Pulichintala link
- Polavaram Vijayawada link (implemented by Government of
- Cauvery- Vaigai - Gundar link to Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery, Vaigai
and Gundar basins.