Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC)

Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC)

It was left largely to the discretion of provincial Governments to recruit and exercise control over their Services, as they thought proper. As a result of the discretionary powers left to provincial Government, the Government of Madras and Punjab proposed to set up their Public Service Commissions.

The Madras Service Commission thus came into being under an Act of the Madras Legislature in 1929. Madras Presidency had the unique honour, of being the only province in India to establish the first Service Commission. The Madras Service Commission started with three Members, including the Chairman. After re-organisation of States in 1957, several Commissions were constituted. The Madras Service Commission became Madras Public Service Commission with headquarters at Madras in the year 1957. During 1970, when the name of the State was changed into Tamil Nadu, the Madras Public Service Commission automatically became the Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC).

In view of its important and impartial function, Public Service Commissions rightly find a place of pride in the Indian Constitution. Articles 16, 234, 315 to 323 deal with various functions and powers of the Public Service Commissions. The working of Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission is also regulated by Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission Regulation, 1954 and the TNPSC Rules of Procedure.

Articles 316 to 319 deal with the structure of State Public Service Commissions. Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission is headed by the Chairman and comprises of fourteen other members, all appointed by the Governor of Tamil Nadu, in accordance with the above provisions of the Constitution of India.

Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission have to discharge the duties and functions specified in various Articles of the Constitution of India.

The main functions of the Commission are:

  • Make direct recruitment to State, Subordinate and Ministerial services;
  • Conduct department examinations for Government Servants and
  • Advice Government on all matters relating to framing of recruitment rules;
  • Advice Government on principles to be followed in making appointments and promotions and transfers from    one service to another service;
  • Advice Government on disciplinary matters affecting Government Servants;
  • Conduct the examinations on behalf of Ministry of Defence, Government of India, for admission to Rashtriya    Indian Military College, Dehra Dun.

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