Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC)
It was left largely to the discretion of provincial Governments to recruit
and exercise control over their Services, as they thought proper. As a
result of the discretionary powers left to provincial Government, the
Government of Madras and Punjab proposed to set up their Public Service
The Madras Service Commission thus came into being under an Act of the
Madras Legislature in 1929. Madras Presidency had the unique honour, of
being the only province in India to establish the first Service Commission.
The Madras Service Commission started with three Members, including the
Chairman. After re-organisation of States in 1957, several Commissions were
constituted. The Madras Service Commission became Madras Public Service
Commission with headquarters at Madras in the year 1957. During 1970, when
the name of the State was changed into Tamil Nadu, the Madras Public Service
Commission automatically became the Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC).
In view of its important and impartial function, Public
Service Commissions rightly find a place of pride in the Indian Constitution.
Articles 16, 234, 315 to 323 deal with various functions and powers of the
Public Service Commissions. The working of Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission
is also regulated by Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission Regulation, 1954 and
the TNPSC Rules of Procedure.
Articles 316 to 319 deal with the structure of State Public Service
Commissions. Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission is headed by the Chairman and
comprises of fourteen other members, all appointed by the Governor of Tamil
Nadu, in accordance with the above provisions of the Constitution of India.
Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission have to discharge the duties and
functions specified in various Articles of the Constitution of India.
The main functions of the Commission are:
- Make direct
recruitment to State, Subordinate and Ministerial services;
- Conduct department
examinations for Government Servants and
- Advice Government on all matters relating to framing of recruitment
- Advice Government on principles to be followed in making appointments
and promotions and transfers from one service to another service;
- Advice Government on disciplinary matters affecting Government Servants;
- Conduct the examinations on behalf of Ministry of Defence, Government of
India, for admission to Rashtriya Indian Military College, Dehra Dun.