(Download) UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Paper-2)
Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-II)
Time Allowed: 3 Hours
Q1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
a. “A government next-door is the government that matters most for the
people.” Discuss the statement with special reference to the values of local
b. The philosophy of the Westminster model is at odds with the political culture
of India.” Critically analyse.
c. “The attached offices and subordinate offices are integral to the functioning
of the Cabinet Secretariat.” Discuss.
d. It is apprehended that lateral entry will lead to politicisation of
bureaucracy. Do you agree? Justify
e. “Contracting out tasks without effective accountability mechanisms can be
counter-productive for effective service delivery." Comment.
Q2. a. "The market-driven profitability concerns have shaken the
foundation of the public sector undertakings.” Do you agree? Give reasons.
b. It is argued that the NITI Aayog has broken the edifice of planning into
c. “Autonomy of civil society is crucial for responsive and effective
administration.” Examine the statement
Q3. a. Critically examine the criteria adopted by the 15th Finance
Commission for allocation of resources to States. What have been the major
issues of contention since the 10th Finance Commission?
b. “In the coalition era with elusive majority of a single party in the State
Legislature, the role of the Governor becomes even more challenging." Discuss.
c. “Development management advocates self-sustaining customer-friendly
institutions at the district level.” Comment.
Q4. a. Climate change issues pose new challenges for district
administration to be proactive.” Elaborate
b. “Judicial overreach to a large extent is a consequence of ineffective
c. "In the transition from the State-led economy to the market economy, India
should rely more on 'indicative planning'.” Do you agree? Explain your position.
Q5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
a. “The 'enablers' and 'facilitators' are yet to replace the inspectors' and
“controllers' in the civil service in India. Do you agree? Justify.
b. “Financial inclusion needs legal backing but it also requires increasing
awareness for it to become a reality.” Discuss
c. "Gender budgeting requires rethinking beyond allocations to become a powerful
tool of gender mainstreaming." Discuss.
d. "Social audit has lent a critical edge to the implementation of programmes
such as MGNREGA." Comment
e. "The AFSPA debate reveals that the Indian paramilitary forces are caught
between the imperatives of national security and protection of human rights.”
Q6. a. "Competency mapping is important for effective allocation of
responsibilities to administrators.” Do you think that a generalist
administrator can handle all issues as effectively as a specialist Discuss.
b. “The recommendations of various commissions on administrative reforms have
not made a radical departure from the Paul Appleby Report.” Do you agree ? Give
c. "Performance management requires identification of indicators and measures to
ensure that goals are achieved efficiently." Discuss.
Q7. a. “Rural development programmes have failed to effectively
address the problems of small and marginal farmers.” Analyse and give
b. “In the Network Era the TRAI has the challenging task of protecting the Net
Neutrality from digital aggression.” Comment.
c. “Neighbourhood management provides an appropriate global strategy of dealing
with social exclusion in the urban development scenario." Comment.
Q8. a. "Effective public grievance redressal requires administrative
commitment. But process reengineering can help prevent some grievances.”
b. “Institutional change is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for
reducing criminalisation of politics." Examine.
c. "The disempowerment and depoliticisation of urban local government has
happened in multiple ways.” Comment.