(Download) UPSC Topper Akshat Kaushal Sociology Study Notes in PDF

(Download) UPSC Topper Akshat Kaushal Sociology Study Notes in PDF

Sociology Study Notes :

Paper-1 Contents :

  • Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology
  • Protest, agitation, social movement, collective action and revolution
  • Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups and political parties
  • Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
  • Family, household and marriage + Types and forms of family + Lineage and descent
  • Patriarchy and sexual division of labour
  • Contemporary trends in marriage
  • Sociology and other social sciences
  • Sociology and Common sense
  • Science, scientific method and critque
  • Positivism and its critique
  • Fact, value and objectivity
  • Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity
  • Quantitative and qualitative methods
  • Techniques of data collection
  • Robert K Merton: Latent and manifest functions, Conformity and deviance, and reference groups
  • Mead: Self and Identity
  • Karl Marx: Historical Materialism, Mode of Production, Alienation, and class struggle
  • Max Weber: Social Action, Ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic & spirit of capitalism
  • Talcott Parsons
  • Emile Durkheim
  • Religion and Society : Sociological theories of religion
  • Religion and science
  • Secularisation
  • Religious revivalism
  • Religious fundamentalism
  • Religious organisations:
  • Millenarian movements
  • Theories of social stratification: Structural-functionalist theory, Marxist theory
  • Nomothetic and Ideographic
  • Cultural lag theory

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Paper-2 Contents :

  • On domestic violence act
  • Women in IT sector
  • Untouchability: Forms and Perspectives
  • Challenges to Social Transformation:
  • Population size, growth, composition and distribution & Components of population growth: birth, death and migration.
  • Emerging issues: Ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health
  • Sex ratio:
  • Infant mortality rate
  • Environment movements
  • Women’s movements
  • Dalit movement
  • Backward Class movements
  • Peasant and farmer movements
  • Tribal movements
  • Social background of Indian Nationalism
  • Social reforms
  • Constitution, law and social change
  • Education and social change
  • Idea of development planning and mixed economy :->Bipan Chandra
  • Social classes in India
  • System of kinship in India
  • Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.
  • Tribal Communities in India
  • Agrarian social structure -> Evolution of land tenure system and land reforms
  • Cooperatives
  • Modernisation of Indian Tradition
  • Western Impact on India
  • Idea of Indian Village and Village studies
  • Land tenure system
  • Features of caste system -> Look at Ghurye
  • Problems of religious minority in India:
  • Urbanisation in India
  • Child Labour
  • Informal sector
  • Slums and deprivation in urban areas
  • Slums

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Courtesy: Akshat Kaushal