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List of NCERT Books for IAS UPSC Exams

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List of NCERT Books for IAS UPSC Exams

Subject

List of NCERTs

Ancient History

Old NCERT: India's Ancient Past: RS Sharma

Medieval History

Old NCERT: A History of Medieval India: Satish Chandra

Modern History

Old NCERT: History of Modern India: Bipan Chandra

World History

Old NCERT: History of the World: Arjun Dev Part-1

Old NCERT: History of the World: Arjun Dev Part-2

Art & Culture

Class XI – An Introduction to Indian Art

Class XI – Living Craft Traditions of India (Chapters 9 & 10)

Polity

Class IX – Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – I

Class X – Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – II

Class XI – Political Science: Indian Constitution at Work

Class XI – Political Science: Political Theory

Class XII – Political Science I: Contemporary World Politics

Class XII – Political Science II: Politics in India since Independence

Environment

Class XII – Biology: last four Chapters (13 to 16)

Indian Society

Class VI – Social Science: Social & Political Life I

Class VII – Social Science: Social & Political Life II

Class VIII – Social Science: Social & Political Life III

Class XI – Sociology: Understanding Society

Class XII – Indian Society

Class XII – Social Change and Development in India

Economics

Class IX – Economics: Economics

Class X – Understanding Economic Development

Class XI – Indian Economic Development

Class XII – Introductory Microeconomics

Class XII – Introductory Macroeconomics

Geography

Class VI – The Earth Our Habitat

Class VII – Our Environment

Class VIII – Resource and Development

Class IX – Contemporary India – I

Class X – Contemporary India – II

Class XI – Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Class XI – India –  Physical Environment

Class XII – Fundamentals of Human Geography

Class XII – India – People and Economy

Science

Class VI-X - Science

Class XI – Chemistry: Unit 14 & Biology: Units 4 & 5

Class XII – Chemistry: Unit 16 & Biology: Units 8, 9 & 10

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak and its effect on UPSC IAS Exams 2020 Dates

 UPSC Exam Corona Virus


Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak and its effect on UPSC IAS Exams 2020 Dates


 

Dear Aspirants,

Due to deadly Coronavirus outbreak, many UPSC aspirants are worrying about the UPSC preliminary examination 2020 and 2021. According to the UPSC calendar the preliminary examination will be conducted on 31st May 2020

Recently UPSC has deferred the personality test (Interview) for some candidates who have cleared the main examination, which was conducted in 2019. The first phase of personality test was conducted from 17th February which has completed already. But, the next phase of personality test is to be held between 23rd March to 3rd April for the remaining candidates. Due to sudden Coronavirus virus outbreak and its pandemic effect, the UPSC has taken the fruitful decision in the favour of the candidates to postponed the exam. 

Hence UPSC Final results for 2019 is also expected to be delayed. however there is no official communication so far from UPSC or PIB.

The official notice released by UPSC reads:

“Due to the prevailing conditions caused by the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), as a precautionary measure, the Personality Tests (Interviews) of the candidates of the Civil Services (Main) Exam 2019 scheduled from 23rd March, 2020 to 3rd April, 2020 are deferred till further orders. New dates for the Personality Tests (Interviews) will be informed to the candidates in due course of time.”

However, 2020 preliminary examination is yet to be held at May 31 2020. Hope all the pandemic situation will become normal in few weeks.

Therefore, the candidates have advised to do not worry about the delaying of the examinations process.

Remember despite the Chennai floods in 2015, the UPSC main examinations didn’t postponed. 

By analysing all the circumstances IF UPSC delays the preliminary examination process of 2020, aspirants will get more time for the exam which they can devote to their preparations. 

Lets focus on studies and wait for official communication from UPSC instead of speculating.

Best of Luck!

 

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  • Preliminary Examination Paper - I
  • Preliminary Examination Paper - II

IAS Mains Examination

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper‐I 

Section 1

Section 1

  • English Comprehension & English Précis (Xth Standard) 100 Marks

Paper‐II

  • General Studies - I 250Marks
    (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Paper‐III

  • General Studies –II 250 Marks
    (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

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  • Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 Marks

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Grand Total 2025 Marks

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Categorised Question Papers (2003-2019)

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(Download) UPSC IAS (PRE) 2019 CSAT Paper-2 with Answer Keys

UPSC Exam Papers


UPSC IAS Prelims 2019
CSAT Question Paper-2

1. The number of times the digit 5 will appear while writing the integers from 1 to 1000 is

(a)  269

(b)  271

(c)  300

(d)  302

2. A solid cube is painted yellow, blue and black such that opposite faces are of same colour. The cube is then cut into 36 cubes of two different sizes such that 32 cubes are small and the other four cubes are Big. None of the faces of the bigger cubes is painted blue. How many cubes have only one face painted?

(a) 4

(b) 6

(c) 8

(d) 10

3. A and B are two heavy steel blocks. If B is placed on the top of A, the weight increases by 60%. How much weight will reduce with respect to the total weight of A and B, if B is removed from the top of A?

(a) 60%

(b) 45.5%

(c) 40%

(d) 37.5%

4. Mr 'X' has three children. The birthday of the first child falls on the 5th Monday of April, that of the second one falls on the 5th Thursday of November. On which day is the birthday of his third child, which falls on 20th December?

(a) Monday

(b) Thursday

(c) Saturday

(d) Sunday

5. Consider the following Statements and Conclusions:

Statements:

1. Some rats are cats.

2. Some cats are dogs.

3. No dog is a cow.

Conclusions:

I. No cow is a cat.

II. No dog is a rat.

III. Some cats are rats.

Which of the above conclusions is/are drawn from the statements?

(a) I, II and III

(b) Only I and II

(c) Only III

(d) Only II and III

6. The number of parallelograms that can be formed from a set of four parallel lines intersecting another set of four parallel lines, is

(a) 18

(b) 24

(c) 32

(d) 36

7. In a school every student is assigned a unique identification number. A student is a football player if and only if the identification number is divisible by 4, whereas a student is a cricketer if and only if the identification number is divisible by 6. If every number from 1 to 100 is assigned to a student, then how many of them play cricket as well as football?

(a) 4

(b) 8

(c) 10

(d) 12

8. When a runner was crossing the 12 km mark, she was informed that she had completed only 80% of the race. How many kilometres was the runner supposed to run in this event?

(a) 14

(b) 15

(c) 16

(d) 16.5

9. Raju has Rs. 9000 with him and he wants to buy a mobile handset; but he finds that he has only 75% of the amount required to buy the handset. Therefore, he borrows 2000 from a friend. Then

(a) Raju still does not have enough amount to buy the handset.

(b) Raju has exactly the same amount as required to buy the handset.

(c) Raju has enough amount to buy the handset and he will have 500 with him after buying the handset.

(d) Raju has enough amount to buy the handset and he will have 1000 with him after buying the handset.

10. In 2002, Meenu's age was one-third of the age of Meera, whereas in 2010, Meenu's age was half the age of Meera. What is Meenu's year of birth?

(a) 1992

(b) 1994

(c) 1996

(d) 1998

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Printed Study Material for UPSC PRE GS Cum Mains Exams

(Download) 2019 यूपीएससी आईएएस (प्री) परीक्षा CSAT (पेपर-2) UPSC IAS (Pre.) CSAT Paper-2

IAS EXAM


(Download) UPSC यूपीएससी आईएएस परीक्षा 2019 - CSAT (पेपर - 2) 


1. यदि B से आगे (B समेत) अंग्रेज़ी वर्णमाला का प्रत्येक एकातर अक्षर छोटे अक्षरों (लोवर केस) में लिखा जाए। और शेष अक्षरों को बड़े अक्षरों में लिखा जाए, तो वर्ष के उत्तरार्ध के प्रथम मास को कैसे लिखा जाएगा ?
(a) JuLY
(b) jULy
(c) jUly
(d) jUlY

2. सुनीता कागज़ के एक पत्रक को तीन टुकड़ों में काटती है। पहले टुकड़े की लंबाई एक अंक वाली तीन विषम अभाज्य संख्याओं के औसत के बराबर है । दूसरे टुकड़े की लंबाई पहले टुकड़े की लंबाई और तीसरे टुकड़े की एक-तिहाई लंबाई के योग के बराबर है। तीसरे टुकड़े की लंबाई अन्य दो टुकड़ों की लंबाइयों के योग के बराबर है। कागज़ के मूल पत्रक की लंबाई कितनी है ?
(a) 13 इकाई
(b) 15 इकाई
(c) 16 इकाई
(d) 30 इकाई

3. अनुक्रम 1, 5, 7, 3, 5, 7, 4, 3, 5, 7 में, ऐसे कितने 5 हैं। जिनके ठीक पहले 3 नहीं है किन्तु ठीक बाद 7 है ?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) कोई नहीं

4. किसी संयुक्त परिवार में सात सदस्य A, B, C, D, E, F और G हैं, जिनमें तीन महिलाएँ हैं। G विधवा है और D के पिता F की साली/भाभी है । B और D एक ही माता-पिता की संतान हैं और A, B की पुत्री है। C, B का/की रिश्ते में चचेरा/ममेरा/फूफेरा/मौसेरा भाई अथवा चचेरी/ममेरी/फूफेरी/मौसेरी बहन है। E कौन है ?
1. F की पत्नी
2. A की दादी/नानी
3. C की चाची/मामी/मौसी/बुआ
नीचे दिए गए कूट का प्रयोग कर सही उत्तर चुनिए :
(a) केवल 1 और 2
(b) केवल 2 और 3
(c) केवल 1 और 3
(d) 1, 2 और 3

5. किसी घन के प्रत्येक फलक को काले या सफेद रंग से रँगा जा सकता है। उस घन को कितने विभिन्न तरीकों से राँगा जा सकता है ?
(a) 9
(b) 10
(c) 11
(d) 12

6. समीकरण x + y + z = 6 को कितने त्रिक (x, y, z) संतुष्ट करते हैं, जहाँ x, y और z धनपूर्ण संख्याएँ हैं ?
(a) 4
(b) 5
(c) 9
(d) 10

7. यदि $ का अर्थ है ‘विभाजित’; @ का अर्थ है ‘गुणित’; # का अर्थ है ‘घटाया गया’; तो 10#5@1$5 का मान क्या है ?
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 9

8. आठ अंकों की एक संख्या 4252746B को 3 से भाग देने पर शेषफल 0 रहता है। B के कितने मान संभव हैं ?
(a) 2
(b) 3
(c) 4
(d) 6

आगे आने वाले 3 (तीन) प्रश्नांशों के लिए निर्देश : निम्नलिखित सूचना को पढ़िए और उनके बाद आने वाले तीन प्रश्नांशों के उत्तर दीजिए :

छह विद्यार्थी A, B, C, D, E और F कई परीक्षाओं में बैठे। या तो C का या F का प्राप्तांक अधिकतम है। जब भी C का प्राप्तांक अधिकतम होता है, तब E का प्राप्तांक न्यूनतम होता है । जब भी F का प्राप्तांक अधिकतम होता है, B का प्राप्तांक न्यूनतम होता है। सभी परीक्षाओं में, उन्हें अलग-अलग अंक प्राप्त होते हैं; D का प्राप्तांक A के प्राप्तांक से अधिक है, लेकिन वे निकट प्रतिस्पर्धी हैं; A का प्राप्तांक B के प्राप्तांक से अधिक है; C का प्राप्तांक A के प्राप्तांक से अधिक है।

9. यदि F योग्यताक्रम में दूसरे स्थान पर आता है, तो B का स्थान क्या है ?
(a) तीसरा
(b) चौथा
(c) पाँचवाँ
(d) छठा

10. यदि B का प्राप्तांक न्यूनतम हो, तो C का स्थान क्या होगा ?
(a) दूसरा
(b) तीसरा
(c) चौथा
(d) दूसरा या तीसरा

(Download) 2019 यूपीएससी आईएएस (प्री) सामान्य अध्ययन परीक्षा (पेपर-1) UPSC IAS (Pre.) General Studies Exam Paper-1

IAS EXAM


(Download) 2019 यूपीएससी आईएएस (प्री) सामान्य अध्ययन परीक्षा (पेपर-1) UPSC IAS (Pre.) General Studies Exam Paper-1


परीक्षा का नाम: UPSC PRE 2019 आईएएस (प्री)

विषय(Subject) : सामान्य अध्ययन (पेपर -1) General Studies (GS) Paper -1

Exam Date: 02-06-2019

1. एशियाई आधारिक-संरचना निवेश बैंक [एशियन इंफ्रास्ट्रक्चर इंवेस्टमेंट बैंक (AIIB)] के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिए :
1. AIIB के 80 से अधिक सदस्य राष्ट्र हैं।
2. AIIB में भारत सबसे बड़ा शेयरधारक है।
3. AIIB में एशिया से बाहर का कोई सदस्य नहीं है।
उपर्युक्त में से कौन-सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?
(a) केवल 1
(b) केवल 2 और 3
(c) केवल 1 और 3
(d) 1, 2 और 3

2. हाल ही में, भारतीय बैंकों और वित्तीय संस्थाओं द्वारा अंतर-ऋणदाता करार (इंटर-क्रेडिटर ऐग्रीमेंट) पर हस्ताक्षर करने का क्या उद्देश्य था?
(a) भारत सरकार के राजकोषीय घाटे और चालू लेखा घाटे के वर्षानुवर्ष पड़ने वाले भार को कम करना
(b) केन्द्रीय और राज्य सरकारों की आधारिक-संरचना परियोजनाओं को संबल प्रदान करना
(c) ₹50 करोड़ या अधिक के ऋणों के आवेदनों के मामले में स्वतंत्र नियामक के रूप में कार्य करना ।
(d) ₹50 करोड़ या अधिक की दबावयुक्त परिसंपत्तियों (स्ट्रेस्ड ऐसेट्स) का, जो सह-संघ उधारी (कॉन्सॉर्टियम लेंडिंग) के अंतर्गत हैं, अधिक तेजी से समाधान करने का लक्ष्य रखना ।

3. सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के बैंकों के अध्यक्षों का चयन कौन करता है ?
(a) बैंक बोर्ड ब्यूरो
(b) भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक
(c) केंद्रीय वित्त मंत्रालय
(d) संबंधित बैंक का प्रबंधन

4. निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार कीजिए :
1. पेट्रोलियम और प्राकृतिक गैस नियामक बोर्ड [पेट्रोलियम ऐंड नेचुरल गैस रेग्युलेटर बोर्ड (PNGRB)] भारत सरकार द्वारा स्थापित प्रथम नियामक निकाय है।
2. PNGRB का एक कार्य गैस के लिए प्रतियोगी बाजारों को सुनिश्चित करना है।
3. PNGRB के निर्णयों के विरुद्ध अपील, विद्युत अपील अधिकरण के समक्ष की जाती है।
उपर्युक्त में से कौन-से कथन सही हैं?
(a) केवल 1 और 2
(b) केवल 2 और 3
(c) केवल 1 और 3
(d) 1, 2 और 3

5. संचार प्रौद्योगिकियों के संदर्भ में, LTE (लॉन्ग-टर्म इवॉल्यूशन) और VoLTE (वॉइस ओवर लॉन्ग-टर्म इवॉल्यूशन) के बीच क्या अंतर है/हैं?
1. LTE को साधारणतः 3G के रूप में विपणित किया जाता है तथा VoLTE को साधारणतः उन्नत 3G के रूप में विपणित किया जाता है।
2. LTE डेटा-ओलि तकनीक है और VoLTE , वॉइस-ओलि तकनीक है।
नीचे दिए गए कूट का प्रयोग कर सही उत्तर चुनिए।
(a) केवल 1
(b) केवल 2
(c) 1 और 2 दोनों
(d) न तो 1, न ही 2

6. मातृत्व लाभ (संशोधन) अधिनियम, 2017 के संबंध में, निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?
1. गर्भवती महिलाएँ, प्रसव-पूर्व तीन महीने और प्रसवोत्तर तीन महीने के लिए सवेतन अवकाश की हकदार हैं।
2. शिशुगृहों वाले प्रतिष्ठानों के लिए माता को प्रतिदिन कम-से-कम छह बार शिशुगृह जाने की अनुमति देना अनिवार्य होगा।
3. दो बच्चों वाली महिलाओं को न्यूनीकृत हक मिलेंगे।
नीचे दिए गए कूट का प्रयोग कर सही उत्तर चुनिए।
(a) केवल 1 और 2
(b) केवल 2
(c) केवल 3
(d) 1, 2 और 3

7. निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा एक विश्व बैंक के कारोबार सुगमता सूचकांक (ईज़ ऑफ डूइंग बिजनेस इंडेक्स) का उप-सूचकांक नहीं है?
(a) कानून और व्यवस्था बनाए रखना
(b) करों का भुगतान करना
(c) संपत्ति का पंजीकरण कराना
(d) निर्माण परमिट संबंधी कार्य करना

8. भारत में निम्नलिखित में से किसमें एक महत्त्वपूर्ण विशेषता के रूप में विस्तारित उत्पादक दायित्व’ आरंभ किया गया था?
(a) जैव चिकित्सा अपशिष्ट (प्रबंधन और हस्तन) नियम1998
(b) पुनर्चक्रित प्लास्टिक (निर्माण और उपयोग) नियम, 1999
(c) ई-अपशिष्ट-(प्रबंधन और हस्तन) नियम, 2011
(d) खाद्य सुरक्षा और मानक विनियम, 2011

9. भारतीय खाद्य निगम के लिए खाद्यान्नों की आर्थिक लागत में न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य और किसानों को भुगतान किए गए बोनस (यदि कुछ है) के साथ-साथ और क्या शामिल है/हैं?
(a) केवल परिवहन लागत
(b) केवल ब्याज लागत
(c) प्रापण प्रासंगिक प्रभार तथा वितरण लागत
(d) प्रापण प्रासंगिक प्रभार तथा गोदामों के प्रभार

10. किसी भी देश के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित में से किसे उसे देश की सामाजिक पूँजी (सोशल कैपिटल) के भाग के रूप में समझा जाएगा?
(a) जनसंख्या में साक्षरों का अनुपात
(b) इसके भवनों, अन्य आधारिक संरचना और मशीनों का स्टॉक
(c) कार्यशील आयु समूह में जनसंख्या का आमाप
(d) समाज में आपसी भरोसे और सामंजस्य का स्तर

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Date of UPSC Notification: 12 February 2020

Last Date to Apply:  03 March 2020 (Apply Online)

Date of UPSC IAS PRE Exam: 31 May 2020 (Sunday, 1 Day)

Date of UPSC MAINS Exam: 18 September 2020 (5 Days)



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यूपीएससी अधिसूचना की तिथि (UPSC Notification): 12 फरवरी 2020 (12-02-2020)

आवेदन करने की अंतिम तिथि (Last Date):  03 मार्च 2020 (03-03-2020) (Apply Online)

UPSC PRE परीक्षा की तिथि: 31 मई 2020 (रविवार, 1 दिन)

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(Article) What are the important topics to read from a newspaper in two hours?


What are the important topics to read from a newspaper in two hours?


As we have already discussed the importance of reading the newspapers for the preparation of UPSC. Importance of newspapers is also increasing now a days as most of the paper is made out of correct news. In this article we would discuss how to finish in newspaper in less time and get the best out of it for the purpose of UPSC. While discussing how to finish the newspaper in short time preferably it should finish in 2 hours including the notes, first thing to decide is which newspaper to follow. The Hindu has been the lifeline of UPSC aspirants for a long time. It still is the most used and probably most relevant newspaper for the UPSC preparation. However Indian express is also a very good newspaper especially if your optional is Public administration and it is also very useful for the polity section for mains.

As we have been saying religiously in all our articles to please go through the syllabus. We begin the strategy to finish the newspaper in short time with same thing. Lot many things can be striked immediately which are not important for UPSC only by knowing the syllabus. Similarly especial attention will be given to things which are mentioned in the syllabus.

Mainly five pages in the newspaper should be focused by any candidate preparing for UPSC. These are:

  • Front page
  • National News page
  • Economy news page
  • International news page and
  • The Editorials

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(FREE) Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (DEC 2019)

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THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

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Cover Month: DECEMBER 2019

Number of Pages: 120

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TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bureau)


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(Article) Crack IAS Preliminary in your first attempt

IAS EXAM


(Article) Crack IAS Preliminary in your first attempt


Dear Aspirants,

There are lot of rumour about civil services preparations, what should be done what should not be done. What can be done and what can not be done etc. One among them is the perception that UPSC exam can't be cracked in first attempt. However the fact proves that there are lots of aspirants who crack this exam in very first attempt. In this article we would try to give you the strategy by which you can clear this exam in very first attempt.

First we would like you to go through the entire syllabus and the examination process before starting the preparation. We would also suggest you to go through previous years questions for understanding the level of questions being asked.

Also please take a look at for learning the process and how to study.

As you can see that syllabus of this exam is very huge and level of questions is also good, so preparation needs to be thorough. It needs time to cover big syllabus in detail. So preparation should be started around an year before the prelims of next year e.g. if you are planning to give 2017exam july 2016 would be the ideal time to start the preparation. This would provide you with enough time to finish both prelims and mains syllabus.

Next big challenge is the choice of the optionals. Your choice of optional can decide your success in the UPSC exam. Lot of thoughts should be given to the decision of optionals. First make a list of few probable optionals, then look at their syllabus and previous year question papers and finally decide the optional which you think is best for you. Please try to avoid the impulse of taking an optional because everyone else is taking it.

Next challenge is about what to study and from where to study. A list of books have been mentioned in the portal, please go through them. However, Initial focus should be on building the concepts, for that purpose NCERT Books are the best source. Only and Only when you have finished NCERT, go to higher level books. UPSC takes special care to check about the concepts of the candidates. Having said that you also need to remember many things from government sources but that comes only after your basics are clear.

We keep on saying in all our articles that please go through single source again and again and dont switch the source.

Many people make the mistake of trying to read many books and they end up remembering vey things. Its an exam where reproduction of what you have read is the only thing which is important, if you have not seen the same thing multiple times it becomes very difficult to reproduce.

(Article) DECIDING THE OPTIONAL SUBJECT with MYTHS AND FAQs by Divey Sethi (IFS)

DECIDING THE OPTIONAL SUBJECT

It is imminent that UPSC is trying to reduce the weightage of optional subject in CSE. In 2013, two papers of the optional subject were replaced by that of General studies. Before that, the two optional were of such importance that one could get through civil services by scoring 300 plus marks in both the optional paper even if GS scores were below average.

However, it is worth noting that even in the present scenario the optional papers determine selection and influence the rank to a large extent. We must acknowledge the fact that it is difficult to create a significant lead in GS. After a rigorous study of one year the serious competitors have more or less the same quantum of knowledge in GS. Some may have economics as a stronghold, others may fare better in history and geography. Therefore, at the end of the exam we realize that the range of marks of GS out of 1000 is not much. Here, the marks of optional subject become the rank booster. The target score in the optional subject should be 250, that is 50%. Anything above that is your bonus!

With the kind of importance the optional subject carries, it is imperative that one should do a lot of brainstorming before choosing any optional subject. If you revert back on your decision, that is, you change the optional subject at any time, the time of study increases by around 5 to 6 months at least. I have seen people changing their optional paper in the third attempt after two unsuccessful attempts and then managing to get into the list. But why to be baffled and tormented by wrong decision of the optional and waste even a single attempt? It is better to brainstorm for two months to decide which optional will go with the aspirant rather than take a quick decision and waste an attempt or two before reversing the earlier decision. For this, a broad understanding is required of the guidelines to decide the best optional subject. The final decision must rest with the aspirant, but that decision must be an informed one incorporating the following facts and factors;

1. Optional subjects must be looked upon as static or dynamic subjects:

Static subjects are those which have a well-defined syllabus that remains unchanging at the graduate level. For example, history and philosophy in art subjects, physics, chemistry and mathematics in science subjects and all engineering subjects, accountancy for commerce students, zoology and botany for medical students; these all can be categorized as static subjects. The content of these subjects remains same in any year. The variations can be made in the questions and that too in words, figures and inferences. The essence remains the same.

On the other hand, dynamic subjects are evolving subjects in both essence and content, such as, public administration, sociology, management, law. The questions from these subjects will take into account recent developments, trends, phenomenon and case studies. You have to be constantly updating your knowledge regarding these subjects. Then there may be some intermediate subject such as geography and psychology which involves both static as well as dynamic concepts in almost equal proportions.

But the question is which one to go for? Dear aspirant, you must be fully sovereign to decide for yourself. So that you can hold yourself accountable and no one else for the result of your examination. Do not be swayed by your peer circle. It does not mean that you should not hear others’ opinion. You must have a full ear for the experiences of others regarding an optional subject. Talk to those teachers and faculties who deal with general studies and extract their valuable views regarding the optional subjects. Nevertheless, don’t go to subject experts asking for which optional to choose. Why would a physics teacher advice you to go for public administration and vice-versa?

Some may find static subject more favorable as continuous deliberations on the subject is not required – once you do history you only have to revise it and not incorporate new knowledge or inferences with changing times. However, there is another school of thought which finds dynamic subjects interesting and possesses a keen eye to relate with the current issues and unfolding events to their optional subject, such as the one we find in public administration.

Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (NOV 2019)

The-Gist-of-Hindu-Yojana-PIB

THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

Price: Rs. 7049/-

Cover Month: NOVEMBER 2019

Number of Pages: 145

File Type: ONLY PDF FILE (VIA EMAIL)


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THE GIST PDF COPY ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION CLICK HERE

TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bureau)


Click Here to Get Soft Copy of This Gist


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