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Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (MARCH 2019)

The-Gist-of-Hindu-Yojana-PIB

THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

Price: Rs. 70Rs. 49/-

Cover Month: MARCH  2019

Number of Pages: 160

File Type: ONLY PDF FILE (VIA EMAIL)


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TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bereau)


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(E-Book) IAS Prelims CSAT Paper-2 Question Papers Download

UPSC CSAT Papers Download

Free E-Book: IAS Pre CSAT (Paper-2) Previous Years Question Papers Download

  • IAS Pre CSAT (Paper - 2) – 2018
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  • IAS Pre CSAT (Paper - 2) – 2015
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Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (FEBRUARY 2019)

The-Gist-of-Hindu-Yojana-PIB

THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

Price: Rs. 70Rs. 49/-

Cover Month: FEBRUARY 2019

Number of Pages: 140

File Type: ONLY PDF FILE (VIA EMAIL)


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TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bereau)


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(News) Failed in UPSC IAS interview? : You may still get an opportunity to qualify for top government jobs

UPSC-LOGO.jpg (356×272)


(News) Failed in UPSC CSE interview? : You may still get an opportunity to qualify for top government jobs


Here is a good news for the UPSC aspirants who qualify for UPSC Personality Test (Interviews). If you are not get into the final list, you may still get a top govt. job.

Qualified for UPSC IAS Interviews (Personality Test) stage?

If you are one among top 2000 brilliant candidates in India, who are called for UPSC IAS Interviews. Here is an opportunity to chase your dream to get selected either government sector or PSUs for senior level positions. 

Highlights of the proposal by Arvind Saxena, UPSC Chairman:

In 21st National Conference of the Chairmen of State Public Service Commission organised in Odisha, Arvind Saxena said:

“We have proposed to the central government and the ministries to recruit people from the list of candidates who make it to the interview stage in civil services and other exams, but fail to get picked up”. 

He also said, 

“Nearly 1.1 million candidates apply for the Civil Services Examination each year. Half of them appear for the preliminary examination. The number of candidates decreases through the examination stages and in the end, only about 600 candidates are selected”. 

He also noted that, Government can consider recruiting from the million candidates who went through the various tough screening process but not recommended for CSE after the last state. This will help to reduce exam stress for aspirants. 
They are not only get an opportunity for selecting government or PSUs but also they could get top private sector job also. 

A 3 year old proposal:

A senior official of the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), the nodal ministry for the UPSC, said the commission’s suggestion was a “welcome recommendation”.


“Some recruitment agencies like the SSC (Staff Selection Commission) and the Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) already have this provision,” the official added

However, the proposal is not new, the official said. “The recommendation was made to us by the UPSC in 2016, and cleared by the Cabinet the same year…

But, the UPSC is figuring out the modalities,” the official added.

“The idea is that the candidates can be considered by a number of government employers since they already have their UPSC marks and ranking,” the official said.

A way to utilize the bright minds for serving nations:

The total vacancies for all civil services like IAS, IPS, IFS etc. in total only less than 1000 every year,(including 50% reservation seats). 

This means over 1 million candidates only 1000 are chosen for final list. Aren’t next topped 500-1000  are capable enough? 

Conclusion:

There is no doubt that the topped 2,000 candidates are almost equally good.It gives an opportunity for those students who have no option left, until next year CSE preliminary exam started if any attempts are available for him.
From private company angle, it saves a lot of time to find best talent in the country. 

 From candidates angle it’s a payback for their merit and hardwork which was unrecognized in the past. 

Good Luck.
 

(Free PDF) Weekly Current Affairs for IAS Exam : VOL-257


Weekly Current Affairs for IAS Exam

VOL. - 257 (01 DEC 2018 to 07 DEC 2018)


Covered Topics:

  • National

  • International

  • Business And Economy

  • Science and Technology

  • Important Article From Various Newspapers


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Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (JANUARY 2019)

The-Gist-of-Hindu-Yojana-PIB

THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

Price: Rs. 70RS 49.00/-

Cover Month: JANUARY 2019

Number of Pages: 80

File Type: ONLY PDF FILE (VIA EMAIL)


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TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bereau)


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(Free E-Book) PIB वार्षिक समीक्षा 2018 (HINDI MEDIUM)

PIB YEARLY REVIEW HINDI


PIB वार्षिक समीक्षा 2018 for IAS Exams


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TABLE OF CONTENTS:

  • संस्कृति मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा   
  • उपभोक्‍ता कार्य, खाद्य एवं सार्वजनिक वितरण मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • रेल मंत्रालय में की गई पहल और उपलब्धियां  
  • गृह मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • पूर्वोत्‍तर क्षेत्र विकास मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा   
  • अंतरिक्ष विभाग : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • खाद्य प्रसंस्‍करण उद्योग मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • कोयला मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • संचार मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • पर्यटन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • कृषि, सहकारिता एवं किसान कल्याण मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • इस्पात मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • जैव प्रौद्योगिकी विभाग : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • कार्मिक, लोक शिकायत और पेंशन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • सड़क परिवहन और राजमार्ग मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • नीति आयोग : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • नवीन एवं नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • वस्त्र मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • बिजली मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • इलेक्ट्रानिक्स एवं आईटी मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • पोत परिवहन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • सामाजिक न्याय एवं अधिकारिता मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • सूचना और प्रसारण मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • अल्‍पसंख्‍यक कार्य मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • सांख्यिकी एवं कार्यक्रम कार्यान्वयन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • आवास एवं शहरी गरीबी उपशमन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • वित्‍त मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • वाणिज्‍य एवं उद्योग मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • श्रम और रोजगार मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • पर्यावरण, वन एवं जलवायु परिवर्तन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • जल संसाधन, नदी विकास एवं गंगा संरक्षण मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • कॉरपोरेट कार्य मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • जनजातीय कार्य मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • सामाजिक न्‍याय एवं अधिकारिता मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • आयुष : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • भारी उद्योग एवं लोक उद्यम मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • अमृत - आवास एवं शहरी गरीबी उपशमन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • पेयजल एवं स्‍वच्‍छता मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • ग्रामीण विकास मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • संसदीय कार्य मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • स्मार्ट सिटी मिशन, आवास एवं शहरी गरीबी उपशमन मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • परमाणु ऊर्जा विभाग : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • पृथ्‍वी विज्ञान मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • कौशल विकास एवं उद्यमिता मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • स्वच्छ भारत मिशन (शहरी) : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • खेल विभाग (युवा कार्यक्रम एवं खेल मंत्रालय) : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • पेट्रोलियम एवं प्राकृतिक गैस मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • सूक्ष्‍म, लघु एवं मध्‍यम उद्यम मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  
  • उपभोक्‍ता कार्य, खाद्य एवं सार्वजनिक वितरण मंत्रालय : वर्षांत समीक्षा  

Click Here to Download Full e-Book

E-Book: Download UPSC, IAS Exam Syllabus PDF (Pre+Mains)

Download UPSC Civil Services Examination Syllabus

Download IAS Syllabus E-book

IAS Pre Examination

  • Preliminary Examination Paper - I
  • Preliminary Examination Paper - II

IAS Mains Examination

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper‐I 

Section 1

Section 1

  • English Comprehension & English Précis (Xth Standard) 100 Marks

Paper‐II

  • General Studies - I 250Marks
    (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

Paper‐III

  • General Studies –II 250 Marks
    (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Paper‐IV

  • General Studies –III 250 Marks
    (Technology, Economic Development, Bio‐diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

Paper‐V

Paper‐VI

  • Optional Subject – Paper 1 250Marks

Paper‐VII

  • Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 Marks

Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks

Personality Test 275 Marks

Grand Total 2025 Marks

Optional Papers:

Download IAS Syllabus E-book

 

Get this E-Book in your Mobile (via Google Play).

 

Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (DECEMBER 2018)

The-Gist-of-Hindu-Yojana-PIB

THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

Price: Rs. 70RS 49.00/-

Cover Month: DECEMBER 2018

Number of Pages: 125

File Type: ONLY PDF FILE


Click Here to Buy Soft Copy of This Gist


THE GIST PDF COPY ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION CLICK HERE

TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bereau)

(फ्री-ईबुक) UPSC संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (मुख्य परीक्षा Main Exam) GS सामान्य अध्ययन प्रश्न-पत्र - Hindi Medium

(फ्री-ईबुक) UPSC संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (मुख्य परीक्षा Main Exam) GS सामान्य अध्ययन प्रश्न-पत्र (2001-2018)

  • NEW! संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2018

    • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Paper-1 2018

    • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Paper-2 2018

    • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Paper-3 2018

    • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Paper-4 2018

  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2017
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2016
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2015
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2014
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2013
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2012
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2011
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2010
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2009
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2008
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2007
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2006
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2005
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2004
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2003
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2002
  • संघ लोक सेवा आयोग - मुख्य परीक्षा सामान्य अध्ययन (GS) 2001

Click Here to Download Full e-Book

UPSC सामान्य अध्ययन प्रारंभिक एवं मुख्य परीक्षा (Combo) Study Kit

(E-Book) UPSC Mains General Studies Previous Years Question Papers (2001-2018)

E-Book: UPSC Mains General Studies Previous Years
Question Papers (2001-2018)

  • NEW! UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2018

  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2017

  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2016

  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2015

  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2014

  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2013

  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2012
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2011
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2010
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2009
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2008
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2007
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2006
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2005
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2004
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2003
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2002
  • UPSC Mains Exam General Studies Question Paper 2001

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Printed Study Material for IAS Mains General Studies

Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (NOVEMBER 2018)

The-Gist-of-Hindu-Yojana-PIB

THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

Price: Rs. 70RS 49.00/-

Cover Month: NOVEMBER 2018

Number of Pages: 125

File Type: ONLY PDF FILE


Click Here to Buy Soft Copy of This Gist


THE GIST PDF COPY ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION CLICK HERE

TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bereau)

Original 'The Gist' of The Hindu, Yojana, PIB Etc (OCTOBER 2018)

The-Gist-of-Hindu-Yojana-PIB

THE GIST of HINDU, YOJANA, Kurukshetra, PIB, Science Reporter Magazine

THE GIST MAGMedium: English

Price: Rs. 70RS 49.00/-

Cover Month: OCTOBER 2018

Number of Pages: 125

File Type: ONLY PDF FILE


Click Here to Buy Soft Copy of This Gist


THE GIST PDF COPY ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION CLICK HERE

TOPICS OF THE GIST

  • Gist of The Hindu (Newspaper)

  • Gist of The Yojana Magazine

  • Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine
  • Gist of Science Reporter Magazine

  • Gist of PIB (Press Information Bereau)

Current Public Administration Magazine (SEPTEMBER 2018)


Sample Material of Current Public Administration Magazine

1.  Accountability and Control

Out of my mind: The Sole Reformer

Every week from Tuesday to Saturday, newspaper headlines are dominated by decisions of the Supreme Court. The pace and scale of its activities are more hectic than any time in the decades since Independence. Just this year, same-sex relationships have been decriminalised. Adultery is no longer a crime. Gender-based restrictions have been removed for temple entry (women catching up with Dalits). Sexual harassment, especially rape, is to be punished severely and by death penalty if the victim is a minor. Triple talaq is against the Constitution.
It is as if the only branch of government functioning to change society for better is the Judiciary. The Legislature at the Centre and state levels is frequently disrupted and barren of any new decisions. The Executive at the Centre, especially the Prime Minister, is consumed by electioneering and, after the torrent of activity in the first half of its tenure, is now bogged down in firefighting. Even in something as vital as triple talaq, despite the invitation of the Judiciary, the best the Executive has been able to do in face of a fractious Parliament is to resort to an ordinance.

<< Read More >>

2. Indian Government and Politics

Know Thy Judge

Judge Brett Kavanaugh has been confirmed as a judge of the US Supreme Court but the process allowed Christine Blasey Ford to publicly recount her trauma of sexual abuse in exercise of what she considered her “civic duty”. We are enriched in our understanding of the people who eventually hold high positions of authority. This is how a democracy functions.

India has no similar process for appointment of judges to the Supreme Court or any other court. We have what we call a “collegium” of the five senior-most judges of the Supreme Court considering names primarily from among chief justices of the high courts and occasionally from the bar for appointment to the Supreme Court. The future chief justices of India will be chosen from a pool of judges in the high courts, who have today put in more than 14 years of service. Those who have or have had a relative in the judiciary have a better chance of making it compared to others. An aspiring law researcher with a little help from Google Analytics will be able to predict who will be the CJI of India in 2039.

<< Read More >>

Importance of NCERT BOOKS for UPSC Exams (Why, What, How)


Importance of NCERT BOOKS for UPSC Exams (Why, What, How)


This very article may the first one you might be reading for the journey that you have chosen to become a civil servant. NCERT books can be considered as the first step out of many to conquer this challenging examination. These books are so well articulated and unbiased that you may take its information as a complete truth and make factual notes out of it especially for the history and geography. Now you might be asking the same question and facing the same dilemma which every beginner has to tackle which is about why to study NCERTs when there are so many books/coaching note/online materials/topper notes already circulating in the offline and the online world? And why not skip these books for the last and just give a passing reference once you get to the finishing line of the syllabus?

Part 1: Why NCERT books are important?

Explanation: Being the most basic books and written in very simple language, lucid and neutral perspective makes NCERTs as the base for the entire preparation. One will get most of their basic covered for the geography and history from these books. Secondly, mains answer writing language should be similar to the writing style of these books which make them as the fundamental element while preparing for the Mains examination.

Now let us analyse from Prelims and Mains perspective:

  • Every year at least 35-40 prelims questions are directly asked from the NCERTs.
  • If you read one book for the prelims it also comes handy in the mains. For Example, Geography NCERTs of class 11 and 12 and History NCERT of class 10 and 11 are the most comprehensive books which must be read by every aspirant.

  • It helps in planned study otherwise, you may be lost in the vast ocean of data and coaching materials.
  • If you are planning to choose humanities optional and you are from the non-humanities background, then study of these books will help in choosing the right optional and further, it may help in your optional paper too.

NCERT E-books PDF are available in English Medium and  Hindi Medium for FREE! download.

Why read NCERT Books for UPSC IAS Exams?


Why read NCERT Books for UPSC IAS Exams


When you took the decision of starting the preparation for IAS, civil services the very first advice from the selected or other aspiring candidates would have been to go through NCERT Books.

The Question must have come to your mind:

  • Why do I have to read the school books again?

  • Isn’t it time to read books of famed and critically acclaimed authors?

  • Why not read the bulkier books?

The answer lies in the subjects clubbed under the title of ‘General studies’ which itself suggests that a candidate must have the general idea about all the topics mentioned under the syllabus.

NCERT Textbooks help in getting a general idea in the following ways:

  • They have been written for the school kids and are therefore very easily intelligible.

  • They cover all the related dimensions of any issues e.g. study of environment cover all the social, economic and political dimension at a very basic level

  • It is free of any political bias, a basic value that must reflect in all your answers

  • NCERT Books cover all the basics related to topics given in the syllabus (except those from the current affairs, for instance, latest developments in S&T)

NCERTs thus create a strong foundation for further studies based on newspaper and reference books without which the knowledge will remain superficial and create many challenges as you move ahead with your IAS Exam preparations.

Download NCERT PDF Books in English Medium

(डाउनलोड) एनसीईआरटी बुक (NCERT Books PDF in Hindi)

Download OLD NCERT PDF E-Books

Click Here for PRINT COPY of OLD & NEW NCERT Compilation for UPSC Exams

Following is the exhaustive list of NCERT Books for UPSC Exams:

Subject

List of NCERTs

Ancient History

Old: India's Ancient Past: RS Sharma

Medieval History

Old: A History of Medieval India: Satish Chandra

Modern History

Old: History of Modern India: Bipan Chandra

World History

Old: History of the World: Arjun Dev (Part I and Part II)

Art & Culture

Class XI – An Introduction to Indian Art

Class XI – Living Craft Traditions of India (Chapters 9 & 10)

Geography

Class VI – The Earth Our Habitat

Class VII – Our Environment

Class VIII – Resource and Development

Class IX – Contemporary India – I

Class X – Contemporary India – II

Class XI – Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Class XI – India –  Physical Environment

Class XII – Fundamentals of Human Geography

Class XII – India – People and Economy

Polity

Class IX – Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – I

Class X – Political Science: Democratic Politics Part – II

Class XI – Political Science: Indian Constitution at Work

Class XI – Political Science: Political Theory

Class XII – Political Science I: Contemporary World Politics

Class XII – Political Science II: Politics in India since Independence

Science

Class VI-X - Science

Class XI – Chemistry: Unit 14 & Biology: Units 4 & 5

Class XII – Chemistry: Unit 16 & Biology: Units 8, 9 & 10

Environment

Class XII – Biology: last four Chapters (13 to 16)

Economics

Class IX – Economics: Economics

Class X – Understanding Economic Development

Class XI – Indian Economic Development

Class XII – Introductory Microeconomics

Class XII – Introductory Macroeconomics

Indian Society

Class VI – Social Science: Social & Political Life I

Class VII – Social Science: Social & Political Life II

Class VIII – Social Science: Social & Political Life III

Class XI – Sociology: Understanding Society

Class XII – Indian Society

Class XII – Social Change and Development in India

 

Click on the link below to download Free NCERT Books in PDF Format:

Click Here for New NCERT Books PDF

Click Here for Old NCERT Books PDF

Click Here for PRINT COPY of OLD & NEW NCERT Compilation for UPSC Exams

CONCLUSION:

To conclude, as has been recommended by many selected candidates in the past, an aspirant must read only limited books and must read them over and over. It is thus necessary to choose the NCERTs smartly that will help one to build strong foundations. Old NCERTs for the static subjects like History and new NCERT books with updated information for dynamic part such as economy will help an aspirant to get a good grasp on the basics.

Best Wishes for your IAS Preparations

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(ALERT) संघ लोक सेवा आयोग, UPSC जल्द ही आवेदन वापसी की अनुमति देगा

IAS EXAM


(ALERT) संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (UPSC) जल्द ही आवेदन वापसी की अनुमति देगा


हाल में आई खबरों के अनुसार, संघ लोक सेवा आयोग (UPSC) उम्मीदवारों को परीक्षाओं से आवेदन वापस लेने की अनुमति देगा। यह नया प्रस्ताव इंजीनियरिंग सेवा परीक्षा (IES) 2019 के साथ लागू किया जाएगा। बाद में, CSE, आईएस आदि जैसी अन्य परीक्षाएं इस व्यवस्था के तहत लाई जाएंगी।

आवेदन वापसी की प्रक्रिया:

  • इस सुविधा का लाभ उठाने के लिए, उम्मीदवार को आवेदन का विवरण देना होगा।
  • वन टाइम पासवर्ड (OTP) पंजीकृत मोबाइल नंबर और Email ID पर उम्मीदवारों को भेजा जाएगा। आवेदन वापस लेने के सफल समापन पर, ईमेल पर एक पुष्टिकरण संदेश और एक SMS भी भेजा जाएगा।
  • एक बार अगर आवेदन वापस ले लिया जाएगा तो, इसे संशोधित नहीं किया जा सकेगा |

नयी व्यवस्था के लाभ:

  • यूपीएससी ने अनुमान लगाया है कि पंजीकृत लोगों में से लगभग 50% उम्मीदवार परीक्षा में शामिल नहीं होते हैं।
  • लगभग 50% उम्मीदवारो के लिए जगह, पेपर एवं निरीक्षकों की भर्ती करना बेकार चला जाता है।

UPSC द्वारा अन्य सुधार:

  • यूपीएससी ने परीक्षा-संबंधित पत्राचार और लेनदेन को ऑनलाइन करने में भी बढ़ोत्तरी की है। उम्मीदवारों के लिए तनाव को कम करने के लिए यह एक अच्छी पहल साबित होगी।
  • यूपीएससी परीक्षा के पेन और पेपर मोड से कंप्यूटर आधारित परीक्षा(CBT) लेने की भी बात चल रही है।
  • इसके अतिरिक्त, नई प्रणाली प्रत्येक परीक्षा के लिए समय चक्र को कम करने के लिए भी कारगर होगी।

निष्कर्ष एवं भविष्य की आशाएं:

  • बेहतर नौकरी के अवसरों के लिए युवाओं की आकांक्षाओं को ध्यान में रखते हुए यूपीएससी (UPSC) अब अपनी वेबसाइट upsc.gov.in पर कुछ परीक्षाओं में अनुशंसित उम्मीदवारों के स्कोर और रैंकिंग का खुलासा कर रहा है और इसे श्रम मंत्रालय के "National Career Service Portal" से आगे जोड़ा जाएगा।
  • विभिन्न केंद्रीय मंत्रालय और संगठन इस व्यवस्था का लाभ उठा सकते हैं, जहां उम्मीदवारों में सिविल सेवाओं, इंजीनियरिंग सेवाओं या संयुक्त मेडिकल परीक्षा में कठोर स्क्रीनिंग प्रक्रिया को मंजूरी दे दी गई है, लेकिन रिक्तियों की बाधाओं के कारण मेरिट सूची में कोई स्थान नहीं मिला, अब उसी डेटाबेस से अन्य सरकारी, सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र या निजी क्षेत्र की नौकरियों के लिए चयनित किए जाने की उम्मीद जागी है।

THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 21 September 2018 (Implications of data mirroring)


Implications of data mirroring


Mains Paper: 3 | Information Technology 
Prelims level: Data mirroring 
Mains level:
It remains to be seen whether such a policy will backfire when it comes to the potential threat of data colonialism

Introduction

  • Data is the new oil and a driver of growth and change.
  • India is a supposed to become data rich before becoming economically rich.
  • This digital growth is being pushed by large foreign digital companies.
  • They are largely fuelled by the data of their users.
  • The visits of the prime minister and Union information technology minister to Silicon Valley over the past few years as part of the Digital India campaign.

Why ICT is so important?

  • It is important for sectors such as e-commerce, social media, digital entertainment, online communication, and information and communication technology (ICT) hardware in India are predominantly served by foreign companies, or domestic companies funded by foreign capital.
  • Indian users today are accessing digital technology-driven services not only within India’s national boundaries, but also outside its jurisdiction.
  • The foreign service providers are free to process the personal data of millions of Indians within their own shores.
  • The advancement of digital tools and technology in areas such as artificial intelligence (AI), has enabled them to monitor and profile user behaviour, preferences and even daily routines, granting them the potential power to influence their decisions through targeted communications.

What is Data Colonialism?

  • Experts have been ringing the alarm bells for the past few years, warning the government of digital colonialism by such companies.
  • Data is now considered a strategic asset by many, and data driven network effects coupled with user feedback loops have given first mover advantage to the more developed western world.
  • The data processed by these companies is not only used offshore to track and profile users, but is also fed as fuel into modern technologies like AI and the Internet of Things (IoT), which are touted to be the drivers of modern manufacturing, service delivery and governance.
  • Perhaps that’s why it is Silicon Valley that is expected to lead the way in researching, implementing and controlling digital technologies, earning it the reputation of being the new Rome.

Steps are taken by government

  • The Srikrishna committee in its draft data protection bill has rightly observed that the freedom to share personal data in the digital economy works selectively in the interests of certain countries that have been early movers.
  • These countries can support a completely open digital economy without any detriment to their national interests by virtue of their technological advancement.
  • The popular websites owned by foreign entities refuse to provide data to Indian law enforcement agencies in many instances.
  • It has also flagged other related critical issues in the realm of personal data protection and data sovereignty.
  • It also preventing foreign surveillance and fostering AI in India, all of which need to be addressed.   
  • The path recommended by the committee to accomplish the feat is mandating local storage of a copy of user’s data, or data mirroring, something which has not gone down well with its critics.
  • Contemporary public discourse interprets digital colonialism as a large global economy wherein small local players are left out.
  • It has also been argued by industry players, academia and consumer groups that mandating data mirroring.
  • It will raise entry barriers in the Indian market and adversely impact a variety of smaller domestic stakeholders.
  • In such as start-ups and micro, small and medium enterprises.

What are the matters of concern?

  • The concerns in this regard are based on the premise that large foreign companies will be able to mobilise the requisite resources to invest in setting up their data centres (DCs) within India.
  • Though the same may not be possible for smaller domestic companies.
  • The possible enhanced costs of setting up or renting such infrastructure along with the non-availability of cheaper foreign cloud services may affect their business interests.
  • It coupled with fears of potential long-term adverse impact on innovation and economic growth.
  • It may deepen the existing issues of monopolisation of data and the digital economy, leading to enhanced risks of digital colonialism.
  • Though with the right intention, it seems that the committee has taken the most obvious path to achieve data sovereignty without exploring other and possibly better alternatives.
  • The observation of the committee must be treated as a recommendation one that should be judged from the perspective of India having to carefully balance the possible benefits of localisation with the costs involved in mandating such a policy.

Conclusion

  • There is a need to do a regulatory impact assessment or cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of the proposed data mirroring mandate before its enactment and implementation.
  • This need is further exacerbated considering the committee’s observation that there was no conclusive evidence presented to them demonstrating a CBA on the above arguments and counter-arguments.
  • This effectively means that though a draft law has been formulated, it is yet to be determined whether data mirroring will do more harm than good.

UPSC Prelims Questions: 

Q.1)  Consider the following statements regarding the ‘Insurance Repository System’ in India:
1. It is a digital database of insurance policies which will be stored in an electronic format.
2. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) act as the National ‘Insurance Repository’.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: A

UPSC Mains Questions:

Q.1): What is data mirroring? What the implications of it? 

Online Coaching for UPSC PRE Exam

General Studies Pre. Cum Mains Study Materials

THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 21 September 2018 (For liberty’s sake: on the scope of Article 32 in the activists case)


For liberty’s sake: on the scope of Article 32 in the activists case 


Mains Paper: 3 | Economic Development 
Prelims level: Right To Education Act
Mains level:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human resources.

Introduction

  • The Supreme Court’s intervention following the arrest of five prominent activists by the Pune police last month.
  • It has been truly extraordinary and raises the bar for protection of personal liberty.
  • The court has granted them the rare relief of remaining in house arrest while it examines the charges against them.
  • It has reserved its decision in the case and now must decide on one of the following courses.

Important highlights of the conspiracy

  • The police in Maharashtra to pursue its investigation against the activists for allegedly being members of the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) and joining a conspiracy against the government.
  • It set them at liberty on the ground that this is a trumped-up case, to order a probe by an independent team.
  • It has a legal tussle between the Centre’s contention that it is probing a terrorist conspiracy involving Maoist insurgents and their urban supporters and the counter-argument that this is a thinly disguised crackdown on political dissent.
  • The petitioners, led by historian Romila Thapar, have questioned the motivation for the police raids on the residences of these activists and a few others in a coordinated operation across several States.
  • They want those arrested to be released and demand an independent investigation.
  • The Maharashtra and Union governments have sought to defend the arrest and prosecution, contending that the case is based on incriminating evidence seized during the probe.
  • And it has nothing to do with the ideology or the political views of those under investigation.

The SC observations

  • The Supreme Court has set the stage for an examination of some fundamental questions at the intersection of criminal procedure and constitutional law.
  • The procedural question is whether in a criminal matter the court can entertain a petition under Article 32 of the Constitution.
  • In under which the Supreme Court enforces fundamental rights, for which the accused are expected to seek their remedy under the Code of Criminal Procedure.
  • The substantive question is whether the court should intervene when the liberty of citizens and their right to dissent are sought to be denied by arbitrary police action.
  • Observations that “dissent is the safety valve of democracy” and “personal liberty cannot be sacrificed at the altar of conjecture” indicate the court’s thinking.
  • It is against this backdrop that the Bench has decided to examine the case diary to see whether the charges have some basis.
  • The government may have reason to worry about a precedent being set, whereby every accused can rush to the Supreme Court immediately on arrest.
  • At the same time, one cannot wish away the peculiar circumstances in which a case relating to violence at a Dalit commemoration dramatically morphed into a Maoist plot.

UPSC Prelims Questions: 

Q.1)  With respect to Right to Property, consider the following statements:
1. It is a constitutional right.
2. In case of violation, the aggrieved person can move the Supreme Court under Article 32.
3. It can be regulated without constitutional amendment by an ordinary law of the Parliament.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans: B

UPSC Mains Questions:
Q.1) Determining the scope of Article 32 in the activists case. comment.

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General Studies Pre. Cum Mains Study Materials

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