THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 25 May 2020 (For farms and farmers: on launching of Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyay Yojana (The Hindu))



For farms and farmers: on launching of Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyay Yojana(The Hindu)



Mains Paper 3:Economy
Prelims level: Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyay Yojana
Mains level: Highlights of the Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyay Yojana

Context:

  • The Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyay Yojana launched by Chhattisgarh last week aims to supplement the income of the State’s 18 lakh rice, maize and sugarcane farmers by ₹10,000 to ₹13,000 per acre, through direct cash transfers.
  • Besides the Centre’s PM-KISAN scheme that provides ₹6,000 to farm families owning less than five acres of land, Telangana, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh have similar cash transfer programmes for farmers.

Minimum Support Price:

  • For balancing the interests of the consumer and the farmer, India has an extensive Minimum Support Price (MSP) regime which works in combination with the PDS.
  • But the efficiency of neither MSP procurements nor the PDS is uniform across the country.
  • The Centre says it fixes MSPs at 1.5 ................

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Chhattisgarh example:

  • In Chhattisgarh, there is preliminary evidence that tenants managed better rates from owners last year after the government gave incentives over and above MSPs to farmers.
  • The State is now designing a cash transfer scheme for landless labourers, according to Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel.
  • But these interventions are only palliativeand cannot address the underlying problem, which is the non-remunerative nature of farming.

Market Driven Approach:

  • A more market-driven approach has often been proposed as the solution, and the agriculture-related components in the Centre’s response to the economic crisis caused by the pandemic appear to toe that line.
  • However, many previous arguments ...............................................

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Way forward:

  • For now, the Centre must announce the MSPs for the current season at the earliest — late announcements have added to the uncertainties for the farmers in recent years.
  • The creation of a buoyantagriculture sector will take much more, and those efforts must be made on a war-footing. Income support serves a purpose, but the farm sector needs a lot more.

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Prelims Questions:

Q1. With reference to the 61st Cavalry, consider the following statements:
1. It is the only active serving horse cavalry regiment in the world.
2. The 61st Cavalry was raised in 1953 after amalgamating the horse-mounted cavalry units of the erstwhile princely states of British India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer:

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Mains Questions:
Q1.  Income support serves a ......................

 

 


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