(Public Administration Paper II / Chapter: State Government
(Current Based) Question:
There is need to draw the line for Governor to avert the
subversion of Democracy. Comment. (15 Marks/200 Words)
Governors sometimes have come out with flying colours as they unabashedly
have to protect the interests of the party that appointed them. That is why the
recommendations of the Sarkaria Commission, and later the Punchhi Commission,
had clear guidelines for Governors to act when inviting leaders to be sworn in
after the electoral verdict is out.
A challenge in courts takes time while the constitutional indiscretions of
Governors play havoc with democracy. Many court verdicts, including the decision
of the Supreme Court in S.R. Bommai v. Union of India (1994), have lamented the
illegal dismissal of State governments on the manipulated recommendations of
Governors at the bidding of the Union government
Recent events in Karnataka and earlier government installations in Goa,
Manipur and Meghalaya are shining examples of political venality initiated by
Earlier too, the Supreme Court castigated the Arunachal Pradesh Governor’s
In Uttarakhand, the Governor’s recommendation for imposition of President’s
Rule was quashed by the High Court.
(a) Radical amendment in the law is one way out, especially by amending the
10th Schedule qua the office of the Speaker and the fate of those who defect.
(b) Amendments to the Constitution to circumscribe the Governor’s powers in
areas of abuse of discretion.
(c) Need political consensus to combat subversion of democracy. (Total Words-
Valuable inputs from The Hindu Coulmn: ‘Draw the Line for Speakers and
Governors' by Kapil Sibal
(Linkages: Governor and Discretionary Powers, Governor and Illegal
Dismissal of State Government, Governor and Amendment Areas of Abuse of