(Exam Paper) UPSC IAS Mains 2003: General Studies
Paper - I
1. Answer any ONE of the following (about 250 words) : 30
(a) “The reforms of 1909 introduced a cardinal problem and ground of
controversy at every revision of the Indian electoral system.” Comment.
(b) Discuss the problems that impeded the integration of the princely states
into the Indian Union. How were these problems tackled ?
2. Answer any TWO of the following (about 150 words): 2 × 15 = 30
(a) ‘The mainstay of Mahatma Gandhi’s movements was the rural India:
(b) Discuss the character of major tribal uprisings in British India in the
(c) Bring out the ideological basis of the Moderate – Extremist divide in the
Indian National Congress.
3. Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each): 15 × 2 = 30
(ii) Saranath Pillar
(iii) The Jatiya Sarkar of Tamluk
(v) Sajjad Zahir
(vii) Har Dayal
(viii) Khudai Khidmatgar
(ix) Mahayana Cult
(x) W. W. Hunter
(xi) Indu Lal Yajnik
(xii) Achhut Patwardhan
(xiii) Sir William Jones
(xiv) James Wilson
4. Answer any TWO of the following (about 125 words each): 2 × 10 = 20
(a) Describe the major characteristics of the rivers of Peninsular India.
(b) Account for the very high concentration of salt extraction industries in the
Saurashtra and South Tamilnadu Coast.
(c) State the four distinctive stages of Indian Demographic history.
5. Write short notes on the following (about 20 words each): 5 × 2 = 10
(i) Define Terai Region.
(ii) Mention the area of Shola forests in India.
(iii) Who are Todas and where do they live?
(iv) Name any four principal languages of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
(v) What is MRTS ? Where it is in operation?
6. Answer any ONE of the following (about 250 words) : 30
(a) Discuss the question of death sentence and Presidential clemency.
(b) Explain the discretionary powers of the Governor of a State.
7. Answer any ONE of the following (about 250 words): 30
(a) Discuss Parliamentary Control over the Executive.
(b) Identify the major obstacles in the smooth functioning of Parliamentary
democracy in India.
8. Answer any TWO of the following (about 150 words each): 2 × 15 = 30
(a) Highlight the significance of Forty Fourth Amendment to the Constitution
(b) Identify the major-Fundamental Duties.
(c) Explain the relevance of Rajya Sabha as a second chamber in the federal set
up of Indian Parliamentary System.
9. Answer the following (about 20 words each): 5 × 2 = 10
(a) What is a point of order ? When can it be raised ?
(b) What is a Privilege Motion ?
(c) State the difference between Council of Ministers and the Cabinet.
(d) How is the Vice President of India elected?
(e) What is meant by ‘Sine-die’ adjournmen?
10. Write on any ONE of the following (about 250 words): 30
(a) Discuss the steps taken by Government to check child labour and promote
(b) Suggest measures for the eradication of wide spread corruption in Public
11. Write on any TWO of the following (about 125 words each): 2 × 10 = 20
(a) The issue of gender equality in India.
(b) Natural Heritage and Cultural Heritage.
(c) Identify the types of disabilities.
12. Write notes on any TWO of the following (about 125 words each): 2 × 10
(a) What are the distinctive features of the Lokpal Bill introduced in the
Parliament this year ?
(b) What is the Prime Minister’s Five-point agenda for India’s development as a
(c) What are the preconditions for the growth of Civil Society ? Is Indian
democracy conducive to it ?
13. Write about the following (about 20 words each): 5 × 2 = 10
(b) Radiation & its effects
(c) The Statue of Liberty
(d) George Walker Bush
1. Answer any two of the following (in about 150 words each): 15 × 2 = 30
(a) Discuss the major issues in Indo-US relations in recent times.
(b) Discuss the impact of the collapse of the Soviet Union on Indo-Russian
(c) Discuss the recent trends in India’s relations with China.
2. Answer the following (in about 20 words each): 2 × 5 = 10
(a) Discuss the importance of the Agra Summit on IndoPakistan relations.
(b) What has been the nature of “Track II diplomacy” between India and Pakistan?
(c) Discuss the major irritants to Indo- Bangladesh relations.
(d) Discuss India’s policy towards international terrorism.
(e) In what sense is Indo-Nepal cooperation important for both countries’
national security ?
3. Answer the following (in about 20 words each): 2 × 5 = 10
(a) Under what conditions are NRIs permitted to remit deposits in India in
any currency of their choice ?
(b) How can NRIs be attracted to invest in India?
(c) What is the significance of the Pravasi Bhartiya Divas in modern India ?
(d) In what ways did Idi Amin make life difficult for the people of Indian
origin in his country ?
(e) What is “Brain drain”?
4. Answer any one of the following (in about 250 words): 30
(a) Write a note on the strategy of planning in India since 1951.
(b) What were the major recommendations of the Task Force on direct taxes
appointed under the Chairmanship of Shri Vijay L. Kelkar ?
5. Answer any two of the following (in about 150 words each): 15 × 2 = 30
(a) Outline the important objectives of the Tenth Five Year Plan.
(b) What is a Finance Commission ?
(c) Point out the measures undertaken towards flexibility in capital account
transactions during the recent past.
6. Answer the following (in about 20 words each): 2 × 15 = 30
(a) What is Plan Holiday ?
(b) Why did India have a surplus in current account balance in 2001-02 after a
gap of 24 years ?
(c) What is Value Added Tax ?
(d) What is the main objective of the Competition Act, 2002 ?
(e) Name the two agencies that have helped to promote Foreign Direct Investment
(FDI) in India.
(f) What is the main thrust of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management
(g) Highlight the main feature of the policy relating to buy-back of shares.
(h) Why was Janashree Bima Yojana introduced ?
(i) When was the idea of Agriculture Insurance Corporation mooted ?
(j) What is the policy of the Government with respect to child labour?
(k) Explain the objectives of the National Health Policy, 2002.
(l) What was the main objective of the ‘Operation Blackboard’ scheme ?
(m) Explain the essential feature of differential rate of interest scheme.
(n) Which are the three major items of expenditure of the Government of India on
(o) What was the essential feature of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana ?
7. Answer any two of the following (in about 150 words each): 15 × 2 = 30
(a) What is the ‘Veto’ in the UN-system ?
(b) Discuss the role of the NATO after the end of the Cold War.
(c) Discuss the role of the United Nations in the protection and promotion of
8. Answer the following (in about 20 words each): 2 × 5 = 10
(a) What do the following stand for
(b) Who is Hans Blix ?
(c) Why was David Kelly in the news recently?
(d) What is the problem in Chechnya ?
(e) What is the significance of the Robin Island?
9. Answer the following (in about 20 words each): 2 × 5 = 10
(a) What is the significance of Enola Gay in world history?
(b) Why is Guantanamo Bay in the news now?
(c) What is the theory of “clash of civilisations”?
(d) What does the theory of “end of history” mean ?
(e) Why was Robert Mugabe in the news recently ?
10. Answer any one of the following (in about 250 words): 30
(a) What do you understand by depletion of ozone layer and why is it
considered harmful ? Name ozone depleting substances and processes. What
international ramifications took place to protect the ozone layer and what was
the target agreed upon?
(b) What is interactive television ? What special advantages are derived by
using VOD services? What are the components of a typical VOD system? Which
feature film was generated first entirely on computers and in which year ?
11. Answer any two of the following (in about 150 words each): 15 × 2 = 30
(a) What does the solar system consist of ? Discuss the motion of the entire
solar system as a whole and also the motion of most of the bodies forming the
(b) In which year and by which countries was International Space Station (ISS)
launched? How many countries are participating in this program ? What are the
unique studies being made in the station which could not be made so accurately
on the earth ?
(c) Discuss the elements of ‘frozen semen technology. What are ‘embryo transfers
‘transgenic animals’, ‘DNA recombinant technique’?
12. Answer the following (in about 20 words each): 2 × 5 = 10
(a) What is ‘Sympathetic Haptics’ ?
(b) What are special features of ‘Linux’ ?
(c) What is an operating system ? List the basic services provided by an
(d) What is an ‘Internet Worm’? Explain DDoS.
(e) What do the following stand for ?
(i) POSIX (ii) EPROM
(iii) MODEM (iv) COBOL
(a) In the year 2001 there were 18000 workers in a certain factory, of which
13000 were members of a trade union, 12% of workers were women and 60% of them
were members of the trade union. In the year 2002 the number of workers
increased by 6% of which 480 were women. At the same time the trade union
membership of women fell by 304 while the total membership increased by 10%. In
the non-members category, the ratio of men and women was 4 : 1 in this year.
Tabulate this information and supply the missing figures. 8
(b) The following table gives the frequency distribution of height for 180
Height (in cm) Frequency
144.5 - 149.5 3
149.5 - 154.5 5
154.5 - 159.5 24
159.5- 164.5 54
164.5 - 169.5 60
169.5 - 174.5 27
174.5 - 179.5 4
179.5 - 184.5 3
Draw the two ogives (“less than” and “greater than” type cumulative frequency
curves). Find the point of their intersection and comment on its significance. 8
(a) The mean and variance of a set of 60 observations are 10 and 4
respectively 136: – G.S. (Main) Topic Wise Paper while for a subset of 40
observations these measures are 11 and 2.25 respectively. Find the mean and
variance of the other subset. 8
(b) The three outcomes of an experiment; w1, w2 and w3 are such that w1 is
twice as likely to occur as w2 which is twice as likely to occur as w3. Find the
probability of occurrence of each of the three outcomes. 8
(a) What are the problems that a statistician encounters in the process of
construction of index number ? 2
(b) Suppose that the regression line of two random variables y and x is given by
y = 26.38 - 1.35x and that of x and y is given by x = 16.38 - 0.45y. Find the
square of the coefficient of correlation between x and y. 2
(c) If the correlation coefficient between two random variables is zero, are the
random variables independent ? 2
(d) In a certain factory, a unit of work is completed by A in 10 minutes, by B
in 20 minutes. What is the average number of units of work completed per minute