(Exam Paper) UPSC IAS Mains 2012: Sociology
1. Write short notes on the following, keeping sociological perspective in
view (Each short note in about 150 words):- 12 × 5 = 60
(a) Interpretative Sociology
(b) Fact Value and Objectivity
(c) Universalism vs. Particularism
(d) Comparative Method
(e) Sacred and Profane.
2. (a) How did the French revolution and Industrial revolution play an
important role in emergence of Sociolgoy? 30
(b) Show how Durkheim through the study the tokenism demonstrates the reality of
3. (a) ‘Power and authority go together.’ Examine. Explain the various types
of authority also. 30
(b) Examine how Weber’s characterization of capitalism is different from those
4. (a) Differentiate between the qualitative and quantitative methods in
(b) Sometimes workers do not feel attachment for their work. Marx formed a
theory for this situation, discus that theory. 20
(c) ‘Social fact is to be treated as a thing.’ Discuss. 20
5. Write short notes on the following from a sociological perspective (Each
short note in about 150 words):- 12 × 5 =60
(a) Stratification of Classes
(b) Industrial Democracy
(c) Citizenship and Civil Society
(d) Millenarian Movements
(e) Theory of Cultural Lag – Ogburn and Nimkoff.
6. (a) In our society Hierarchical relations are influenced by social
mobility. Explain how? 20
(b) In Marxian classification of Society, feudal and slave societies are very
important. How are they different from each other? 20
(c) Are Social movements always influenced by ideologies? Discuss. 20
7. (a) Discuss the factors leading to growing religious revivalism in the
contemporary world. 20
(b) Describe the importance of lineage and descent in kinship and family. 20
(c) Show how family in distinct from household. 20
1. Write short with a sociological perspective on the following is not more
than 150 words each: 12 × 5 =60
(a) Limitations of the dialectical approach to the study of Indian society.
(b) Changing rural power structure.
(c) Challenges to institution of marriage.
(d) Westernization and institutional change in India.
(e) Interaction of ‘little tradition’ and ‘great tradition’.
2. (a) Distinguish between the following: 4 × 4 = 16
(i) Tribe and Caste.
(ii) Affinal kin and Consanguineous kin.
(iii) Marriage as sacrament and marriage as contract.
(iv) Positional change and structural change
(b) ‘Indian society may be understood as a system of cognitive structures.’ How
far do you a agree with this statements? 20
(c) Comment on the social and cultural determinants of sexual division of labour.
3. (a) Examine the impact of secularization on various religious communities
in India. 30
(b) Has geographic and economic mobility impacted the tribal culture and social
structure? Give examples. 30
4. (a) Has nuclear family existed in traditional India? Discuss with
reference of the view of I. P. Desai. 20.
(b) How have social reform movements in colonial India contributed to
modernization of Indian society? 20
(c) Discuss the factors which contributed to industrial modernization in India.
What are the salient features of new industrial class structure? 20
5. Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in not
more than 150 words each: 12 × 5 = 60
(a) Demographic perspective of Indian youth.
(b) Regional political elites and the democratic process.
(c) Education and Dalit empowerment.
(d) Constitution as a living document of social change.
(e) Education and removal of inequality.
6. (a) Critically examine the concepts of nation and citizenship in the
context of globalization. 20
(b) Discuss some social and cultural determination of infant mortality rate.
Give your suggestions to prevent infanticide. 20
(c) Bring out some positive and negative social consequences of green
revolution. How has green revolution changed the rural social structure? 20
7. (a) Describe those social changes which have contributed to increase of
violence against women. What are the emerging forms of violence against women?
Suggest suitable measures to contain this problem. 30
(b) What are the problems of ageing population? Describe the declining
traditional social support system for the aged. Suggest alternative measures to
support ageing population. 30
8. (a) Have the new economic policy and economic reforms led to weakening of
labour class movements? Explain your views with examples. 30
(b) Do you think that some policies and laws relating to environment have
retarded the development process? Give examples. How can an ideal balance
between environmental protection and development goals be brought about? 30