(Download) UPSC IAS Mains 2015: Public Administration (Paper
-1 & 2) Optional Question Paper
Subject: Public Administration (Paper -1 & 2) Optional
Exam Date: 23rd December 2015
File Type: PDF
:: Paper 1 ::
Q1.Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: 10×5=50
- Waldo’s The Administrative State’ provides a fundamental challenge to
some of the orthodox premises. Explain.
- Discuss how the Public Choice Theory promotes the concept of ‘Steering’
and undermines the concept of ‘Rowing’ in visualising efficient and
- “Delegated Legislation is a necessary evil.” Comment.
- Do you agree with the view that the charismatic approach of the
mid-1970s is a “new version” of the Classical Trait Theory of Leadership?
- “The term policy implementation is in some respects preferable to the
label public administration.” Argue.
- “Globalisation has transformed the nature and character of State from
traditional administrative Welfare State to a Corporate State.” Analyse the
changes in the nature of public administration in this context.
- “Contemporary Organisational theory seems further afield of Chester
Barnard’s Functions of the Executive than of organisational ecology.”
Examine the statement in the light of ecological elements in Barnard’s
- “PPPs serve too many parties and too many interests … to be focussed.”
Identify in the context of the statement, the parties involved in
Public-Private Partnerships and their conflicting aims.
- “Follett’s work was not directed towards the resolution of the conflict
of ideas, but towards the resolution of structural conflicts between workers
and capitalists.” In the light of the statement critically evaluate
Follett’s idea of dynamic administration. 20
- “Information constitutes the life-blood of the functioning of an
organisation.” Explain the utility and significance of communication in
- “Legislative action is not subject to the rules of natural justice.”
Explain the exceptions to the rule of natural justice.
- “Right from the days of the ‘Peoples’ Charter’ to the new concept of `Precariat
Charter’, the concept of Citizen’s Charter and its scope is constantly
- “Weberian model of bureaucracy lacks emotional validity when applied to
modern democratic administration.” Comment.
- How far do you agree with the view that the growing influence of media
comes in the way of agenda-setting by the Government?
Q5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each : 10×5=50
- “Comparative Performance Measurement (CPM) bridges everyday work
experience with the broader horizons of comparativism.” Explain.
- Analyse the relevance of Whitleyism in contemporary employer — employee
- “No significant change can be made in the budgetary process without
affecting the political process.” (Wildaysky). Analyse.
- “In the appreciative systems of policy makers, goals are subsidiary to
norms and values.” (Vickers). Explain.
- Show in what way the Gender and Development approach differs from the
Woman and Development approach.
- “Administrative ethics is a process of independently critiquing decision
standards, based on core social values that can be discovered, within
reasonable organisational boundaries that can be defined, subject to the
personal and professional accountability.” (Denhardt). Explain.
- “Lenin’s concept of Socialist management refers to directing the
organisational development of Socialist society.” Explain.
- “Policy analysis is incomplete without taking into account policy
- How does Ferrel Heady rationalize the three stages of development in
- Distinguish between ‘Codes of Conduct’ and ‘Codes of Ethics’. Justify
- “E-Governance creates a direct relationship between the Citizen and the
State.” In this context, explain the changing role of the elected
- “The concept of political feasibility in policy alternative is a
probabilistic concept and is related to each policy alternative.” In the
context of the above statement analyse Dror’s contribution.
- “The position-classification attempts to establish a triangular
relationship between duties and responsibilities, working conditions and
qualification requirements.” Elucidate.
- “MIS, PERT and CPM have accelerated the process of reinventing 0 & M.”
In the context of the above statement, explain the recent developments in
:: Paper - 2 ::
Q1. Attempt all of the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50
- “Democracy within bureaucracy is likely to reduce its effectiveness.” Do
you agree with this view? Argue your case.
- “District Collector’s role in the development process has been
overemphasized.” Comment on the statement.
- Why has District Planning been marginalized in many States and remained
prominent in a few States? Explain.
- “Ordinance-making power of the Executive needs to be suitably
restrained.” Examine it critically.
- ‘Minimum government, maximum governance’ is not just a slogan but a
philosophy of administration with enormous potentialities.” Do you agree?
Give reasons for your answer.
- To what extent has political culture influenced the administrative
culture of India? Explain. 20
- Briefly discuss the main recommendations of the Punchhi Commission
(2010) on Centre-State relations for transforming Indian Federal System. 20
- As Dr. B. R. Ambedkar observed, “the text of the Constitution can
provide the organs of the State, but the final outcome of the governance
process depends on how it has operationalized by the political parties and
people”. Elucidate the statement. 10
- The objectives, approaches and organizational arrangements for
decision-making of the NITI Aayog aim at restoring the federal character of
the Indian polity. Explain.
- Explain fully how a balance can be struck between autonomy and
accountability of India’s public enterprises.
- “Decentralised governance must serve as an instrument of realizing
social change and social justice.” Comment on the statement.
- Discuss the arguments for and against the National Judicial Appointments
Commission Act, 2014.
- “In very recent time, the role of the State Governor is found to be more
of diplomatic than administrative nature.” Comment on the statement with
- Comment on the recent changes in the approach and methodology of
devolution of responsibilities and transfer of funds from the Union to the
Q5. Attempt all of the following in about 150 words each: 10X5=50
- Critically examine the concept of community policing as a tool for
improving public-police relations.
- Explain how budget can be used as a political instrument.
- “Most Civil Servants in India are competent administrators, but they pay
little attention to encourage people’s participation in decision-making.”
Comment on the statement.
- Do you think that the functioning of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs),
in practice, reflects genuine devolution of powers and resources? Give
reasons for your answer.
- “Information Communication Technology (ICT) improves the quality of
public service delivery, but fails to check bribery.” Comment.
- “Excellent ideas but poor implementation have characterised the
administrative reforms in India since Independence.” Critically examine the
statement giving examples from the Union and State Governments.
- Do you agree that there has been a serious governance-deficit in
development administration in India? Give reasons for your answer and add
- What are the major concerns of the Second Administrative Reforms
Commission on Civil Service reforms? Indicate the current status of their
- How do the Union Government policies on Smart and AMRUT Cities address
the problems of management of urban development? Explain.
- Discuss the significance and role of the Central Paramilitary Forces in
maintaining law and order and countering insurgency as well as terrorism.
- Discuss the major highlights of the reforms introduced from time-to-time
in Central Civil Services Conduct Rules and add your own comments.
- “Municipal governance in India is not sufficiently prepared to meet the
challenges of frequent natural disasters.” Elucidate the statement and add
your own suggestions.
- Discuss critically the salient features of the National Investigation
Agency (NIA) regarding its purposes and jurisdiction.
- Argue the case for and against creating Indian Public Enterprises and
Industrial Service for boosting the moribund public sector in India.