Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-1 (Question-3)

Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-1 (Question-3)

(Section A)

Q3) a)The Participative Management School of Argyris and Likert advocates democracy within the administrative system. Will this approach be equally useful to developing countries with evolving democracies?(20 marks) (Administrative Behaviour)

ANSWER:Participative management means involvement of workers in management and decision making process. In a sense, it is sharing of power and authority between workers and management. It is a measure directed towards minimisation of class-feelings at the workplace. In the workplace, this concept is sometimes considered industrial democracy. The most extensive form of participative management is direct employee ownership .

According to Likert (1961), the lowest level of participation occurs where employees are given no information about current situation or proposed changes in a business organisation. McGregor (1971) envisaged the maximum participation occurring where the manager is indifferent to several alternatives and allows workers to choose among them.

The Gandhian approach to participative management is known as ‘Theory of Trusteeship’, where both capital and labour are to function as trustees of each other and in combination become joint trustees of the property belonging to the community. It recognises the right of workers to participate in management. Gandhiji believed in gradual reduction in the power of management and its transfer to voluntary associations. The other most common approach to participative management in the non-socialist countries is based on eclecticism. Participative management is introduced due to one or more reasons and later on its contents are modified to suit the local conditions. The eclectic approach emphasises on ‘joint consultation’.

b) “Executive position imply a complex morality and require a high capacity of responsibility” – (Chester Bernand). Comment (15 Marks) (Administrative Thought)

ANSWER:Barnard asserted that responsibility is the property of an individual by which whatever morality exists in him becomes effective in conduct and Executive positions (a) imply a complex morality, and (b) require a high capacity of responsibility, (c) under conditions of activity, necessitating (d) commensurate general and specific technical abilities as a moral factor. Thus the endurance of organization depends upon the quality of leadership; and that quality derives from the breadth of the morality upon which it rests.

Executive responsibility flows from leadership which is the aspect of individual superiority in determination, persistence, endurance, courage; that which determines the quality of action; which often is most inferred from what is not done, from abstention; which commands respect, reverence.

Executive responsibility, then, is that capacity of leaders by which, reflecting attitudes, ideals, hopes, derived largely from without themselves, they are compelled to bind the wills of men to the accomplishment of purposes beyond their immediate ends, beyond their times. Even when these purposes are lowly and the time is short, the transitory efforts of men become a part of that organization of living forces that transcends man unaided by man; but when these purposes are high and the wills of many men of many generations are bound together they live boundlessly.

3 c) When the media is controlled by vested interests, how can it control the vested interests in the government? How can the media become more responsible and impartial ?(15 marks) (Accountability and Control)


Click Here for Public Administration Study Kit in Hard Copy for IAS Mains Exam

Click Here to Join Public Administration Online Coaching for IAS Mains Exam

<< Go Back to Main Page