Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-1 (Question-5)

Public Administration Mains 2017 : Solved Paper Question Paper-1 (Question-5)

(Section B)

Q5) Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

a) “Budgeting is apolitical process” – (Aaron Wildavsky) 10 marks (Financial Administration)

ANSWER: The budget process often suffers from a ‘democratic deficit’ due to the limited accountability provided by parliamentary scrutiny which is hindered by lack of information but also Politics. Politicians are always self-interested, short-sighted, politically motivated individuals with little sympathy for technical analysis and fiscal prudence. As a political tool, budget is value ridden signalling the government’s ideological commitment, political philosophy and policy platform. It is a political statement of government policy expressed in fiscal terms.

Budgets are also political documents, resulting from a bargaining process that reflects the balance of power among different actors and interests within the government and in the country as a whole. The ritualistic nature of the budget formulation process serves the purpose of keeping taxpayers and donors happy, while during the budget execution phase the attention shifts to maintaining political support, for example through the payment of civil service salaries to the detriment of developmental expenditures.

b) “Development Administration and Administrative Development have a chicken and egg kind of relationship”.-(Riggs) . Elaborate (10 marks) (Development Dynamics)

ANSWER: Administrative Development i.e. Administration of development and Development Administration i.e. development of administration are dependent concepts. Administration of development is as important as development of administration. Superiority of one concept over the other cannot be established.

To achieve development goals it is essential that there should be adequate assessment and planning of resources, its evaluation and. implementation, adequate involvement of people, emphasis on strong administrative machinery, developed bureaucracy, integrity in administration, innovativeness, and decentralized decision-making etc.

Both the concepts support each other and development of administration is needed for administration of development. As per F. Riggs 'development administration' and 'administrative development' have a chicken and egg kind of relationship.

 c) “Digitalization provides great impetus to E-governance.” Discuss (10 marks) (Techniques of Administrative Improvement)

The Digital India provides for e-Governance and would promote inclusive growth that covers electronic services, products, devices, manufacturing and job opportunities. Digital India aims to create a seamless ecosystem across multiple government departments to make services available on both online and mobile platforms.

The government department has taken a number of initiatives like MyGov(Citizen participation platform) , Aadhaar Enabled Biometric Attendance System, Jeevan Pramaan, e-Greetings, e-Sampark, National Digital Literacy Mission etc to promote e-Governance Competency Framework in the country.

As part of the initiative, financial transactions would be made cashless and entitlements would be available on the cloud. It will provide universal digital literacy to enable citizens to use the digital platform. The government services can be even accessed in vernacular languages to help users participate in the new digital mechanism to spur growth in areas of governance and service delivery.

d) “360 degree performance appraisal system is a rational idea, but it involves complex and inauthentic procedures”. How can it be made foolproof?(10 marks)


e) “A large public debt forces the adoption of tax and spending policies that result into higher taxes and reduced services.” Analyze (10 marks) (Personnel Administration)


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